Browning, Montana

Browning (originally Browning Indian Agency)[4] is a town in Glacier County, Montana. It is the headquarters for the Blackfeet Indian Reservation and the only incorporated town on the Reservation. The population was 1,016 at the 2010 United States Census.

Browning, Montana
Town of Browning
Downtown Browning in May 2011.
Downtown Browning in May 2011.
Location of Browning, Montana
Location of Browning, Montana
Coordinates: 48°33′25″N 113°0′52″W / 48.55694°N 113.01444°W / 48.55694; -113.01444Coordinates: 48°33′25″N 113°0′52″W / 48.55694°N 113.01444°W / 48.55694; -113.01444
CountryUnited States
StateMontana
CountyGlacier
Area
 • Total0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
 • Land0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
4,377 ft (1,334 m)
Population
 • Total1,016
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
1,031
 • Density3,800/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
59417
Area code(s)406
FIPS code30-10375
GNIS feature ID0802063
Websitewww.BrowningMontana.com

The town was named in 1885 for Commissioner of Indian Affairs D. M. Browning.[4] The post office was established in 1895.[5]

GeographyEdit

Browning is located at 48°33′25″N 113°0′52″W / 48.55694°N 113.01444°W / 48.55694; -113.01444 (48.556917, -113.014571).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2), all of it land.[1]

 
A church in Browning
 
Steam excursion train crossing Two Medicine River west of Browning, 2009

ClimateEdit

From January 23, 1916, to January 24, 1916, the temperature fell 100 °F (56 °C) from 44 °F (7 °C) to -56 °F (-49 °C). This is the United States' and also the world record for the greatest temperature drop in 24 hours.[7] Browning's climate is semi-arid and continental. Temperatures above 90 °F (32 °C) occur an average of 2 days annually, temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C) occur an average of 196 days annually, and those below 0 °F (−18 °C) occur an average of 32 days annually. There is a large degree of diurnal temperature variation that occurs in the summer, but not as much in the winter. Large temperature swings are possible, especially in fall, winter and spring. Arctic air intrusions from western Canada can bring sudden, severe temperature drops, while chinook events, with Pacific-originating warmer air descending from mountain ranges to the west, can result in dramatic temperature rises. Precipitation averages just over 14 inches per year, rendering the climate semi-arid. Precipitation is largely snow from November to March or April. Average monthly precipitation is lowest in winter and highest in the warm season. On average, June is the wettest month, with showers and thunderstorms most likely among all months.

Climate data for Browning (1894-1989)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(19)
68
(20)
72
(22)
91
(33)
93
(34)
100
(38)
99
(37)
102
(39)
94
(34)
83
(28)
72
(22)
69
(21)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 28.2
(−2.1)
31.9
(−0.1)
38.0
(3.3)
50.5
(10.3)
60.7
(15.9)
68.1
(20.1)
77.8
(25.4)
76.0
(24.4)
65.4
(18.6)
55.2
(12.9)
40.2
(4.6)
32.2
(0.1)
52.0
(11.1)
Average low °F (°C) 8.0
(−13.3)
11.2
(−11.6)
16.9
(−8.4)
27.3
(−2.6)
35.5
(1.9)
41.8
(5.4)
46.1
(7.8)
44.4
(6.9)
37.5
(3.1)
30.9
(−0.6)
19.9
(−6.7)
13.3
(−10.4)
27.7
(−2.4)
Record low °F (°C) −56
(−49)
−46
(−43)
−38
(−39)
−14
(−26)
1
(−17)
21
(−6)
24
(−4)
19
(−7)
0
(−18)
−17
(−27)
−39
(−39)
−47
(−44)
−56
(−49)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.81
(21)
0.70
(18)
0.81
(21)
1.09
(28)
2.00
(51)
2.77
(70)
1.51
(38)
1.39
(35)
1.53
(39)
0.83
(21)
0.81
(21)
0.72
(18)
14.97
(381)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.5
(24)
8.3
(21)
8.9
(23)
6.6
(17)
2.3
(5.8)
0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.1
(0.25)
2.6
(6.6)
4.2
(11)
7.4
(19)
9.1
(23)
59.5
(151.9)
Source: [8]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1920986
19301,17218.9%
19401,82555.7%
19501,691−7.3%
19602,01118.9%
19701,700−15.5%
19801,226−27.9%
19901,170−4.6%
20001,065−9.0%
20101,016−4.6%
Est. 20161,031[3]1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2015 Estimate[10]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,016 people, 360 households, and 243 families living in the town. The population density was 3,763.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,452.9/km2). There were 394 housing units at an average density of 1,459.3 per square mile (563.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 5.5% White, 92.7% Native American, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.

There were 360 households of which 45.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.6% were married couples living together, 28.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 10.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.43.

The median age in the town was 29.8 years. 33.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 23% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 46.1% male and 53.9% female.

2000 censusEdit

Languages (2000)[11] Percent
Spoke English at home 90.76%
Spoke Blackfoot at home 9.24%

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 1,065 people, 360 households, and 254 families living in the town. The population density was 3,911.2 people per square mile (1,523.0/km²). There were 409 housing units at an average density of 1,502.0 per square mile (584.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 6.57% White, 90.52% Native American, 0.09% from other races, African American, 0.09% and 2.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.88% of the population.

There were 360 households out of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the town, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $23,879, and the median income for a family was $25,000. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $20,972 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,955. About 28.3% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.4% of those under age 18 and 23.6% of those age 65 or over.

MediaEdit

Browning is home to low-power radio station KBWG-LP, broadcasting at 107.5 FM.[13]

TransportationEdit

  • US Route 2 comes into Browning from East Glacier from the west.
  • US Route 89 comes into Browning from St. Mary from the north.
  • The two US Routes meet on the western end of Browning and run through town together, splitting on the eastern end of town, with US 2 headed east towards Cut Bank and Shelby and US 89 headed south towards Choteau and Great Falls.
  • US Route 87 ran through Browning until 1934, when US 89 replaced its original routing north of Great Falls. US 87 then ended in Great Falls until 1945, when it was changed to run from Great Falls to Havre.[14]
  • Amtrak's Chicago to Portland/Seattle Empire Builder serves Browning from October to April at a station just south of town. East Glacier receives passengers just a few miles west, from April to October.

EducationEdit

Browning is home to Blackfeet Community College.

Notable peopleEdit

Popular cultureEdit

Browning is the setting for the TV-series The X-Files episode "Shapes".

ImagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Montana Place Names Companion". Montana Historical Society. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  5. ^ Carkeek Cheney, Roberta (1983). Names on the Face of Montana. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87842-150-5.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Top Ten Montana Weather Events of the 20th Century". National Weather Service Unveils Montana's Top Ten Weather/Water/Climate Events of the 20th Century. National Weather Service. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
  8. ^ "BROWNING, MONTANA (241202)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  11. ^ "Data Center Results".
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ "FM Query Results -- Audio Division (FCC) USA". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
  14. ^ "End of US Highway 87". US ENDS. Retrieved 30 June 2018.

External linksEdit