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The brown crake (Amaurornis akool), or brown bush-hen, is a waterbird in the rail and crake family (Rallidae) found in South Asia.

Brown crake
Brown crake (Amaurornis akool).jpg
Chambal River, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Rallidae
Genus: Amaurornis
A. akool
Binomial name
Amaurornis akool
(Sykes, 1832)

Its genus name, Amaurornis, comes from the Greek amauros, meaning "dusky" or "brown" and ornis, meaning "bird".[2] The species name, akool, is of uncertain origin. It may come from Hindu mythology, or it may be a derivation of the Sinhalese word kukkula, which is used for both moorhen and watercock.[3]

The brown crake makes alarming call when it see predator or human to alert other birds.



  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Amaurornis akool". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Jobling (2010), p. 43
  3. ^ Jobling (2010), p. 37.

Cited textsEdit

Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, UK: Christopher Helm. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.