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Brown County, Illinois

Brown County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,937.[1] Its county seat is Mount Sterling.[2]

Brown County, Illinois
Brown County Courthouse, Mount Sterling.jpg
Brown County Courthouse in Mount Sterling
Map of Illinois highlighting Brown County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1839
Named forJacob Brown
SeatMount Sterling
Largest cityMount Sterling
Area
 • Total307 sq mi (795 km2)
 • Land306 sq mi (793 km2)
 • Water1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)6,716
 • Density23/sq mi (9/km2)
Congressional district18th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitebrowncountyil.com

Siloam Springs State Park is located partly in this county.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Brown County was formed out of Schuyler County in 1839. It is named in honor of U.S. General Jacob Brown, who defeated the British at the Battle of Sackett's Harbor in 1813.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 307 square miles (800 km2), of which 306 square miles (790 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.5%) is water.[3] The Illinois River flows along part of the county's eastern border.

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Climate and weatherEdit

Mount Sterling, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.6
 
 
32
15
 
 
1.9
 
 
38
20
 
 
3.1
 
 
50
30
 
 
3.9
 
 
63
41
 
 
5.1
 
 
73
51
 
 
3.9
 
 
82
61
 
 
3.9
 
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
 
84
63
 
 
3.6
 
 
78
54
 
 
3.3
 
 
66
43
 
 
3.2
 
 
50
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
37
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mount Sterling have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.55 inches (39 mm) in January to 5.14 inches (131 mm) in May.[4]

DemographicsEdit

 
2000 census age pyramid for Brown County
Census Pop.
18404,183
18507,19872.1%
18609,93838.1%
187012,20522.8%
188013,0416.8%
189011,951−8.4%
190011,557−3.3%
191010,397−10.0%
19209,336−10.2%
19307,892−15.5%
19408,0532.0%
19507,132−11.4%
19606,210−12.9%
19705,586−10.0%
19805,411−3.1%
19905,8367.9%
20006,95019.1%
20106,937−0.2%
Est. 20176,716[5]−3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2017[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,937 people, 2,099 households, and 1,346 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 22.7 inhabitants per square mile (8.8/km2). There were 2,462 housing units at an average density of 8.1 per square mile (3.1/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 76.1% white, 18.5% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 4.4% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.8% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 25.5% were German, 15.6% were American, 12.7% were Irish, and 6.1% were English.[11]

Of the 2,099 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families, and 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 37.3 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,696 and the median income for a family was $50,341. Males had a median income of $34,648 versus $27,288 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,133. About 9.9% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[12]

The Illinois state prison, Western Illinois Correctional Center, located south east of Mount Sterling, has an average daily population of 2,066. The all-male population and racial makeup of the prison is so large, compared to the rest of the county, that it skews the census demographic data. This is evidenced by the lopsided age pyramid.[1]

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Brown County is located in Illinois's 18th Congressional District and is currently represented by Republican Darin LaHood. For the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 93rd district and is currently represented by Republican Norine Hammond. The county is located in the 47th district of the Illinois Senate, and is currently represented by Republican Jil Tracy.

Brown County is part of the German-settled area of western Central Illinois and the Missouri Rhineland centred on the St. Louis metropolitan area. This region was opposed both to southern plantation owners and socially liberal Yankees and consequently voted against the majority of people in their state. Brown County voted for the Democratic candidate in every presidential election from at least 1840 through 1948, with the sole exception of the 1928 election when the county voted for the Republican candidate Herbert Hoover. From 1952 to 2016, Democrats have carried Brown County only three times (1964, 1976, and 1992) and have won a majority of the vote only once (1964).

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 75.5% 1,796 20.0% 476 4.5% 107
2012 64.0% 1,513 33.3% 787 2.7% 64
2008 59.9% 1,544 38.3% 986 1.8% 47
2004 65.0% 1,679 34.6% 895 0.4% 11
2000 57.5% 1,529 40.5% 1,077 2.0% 54
1996 45.8% 1,053 43.4% 997 10.8% 247
1992 38.3% 1,029 42.6% 1,146 19.1% 514
1988 51.9% 1,373 47.9% 1,267 0.2% 6
1984 60.4% 1,478 39.2% 959 0.4% 9
1980 61.7% 1,660 35.3% 950 3.0% 82
1976 49.0% 1,519 49.4% 1,533 1.6% 51
1972 58.9% 1,780 39.8% 1,203 1.3% 39
1968 51.5% 1,629 40.0% 1,265 8.5% 269
1964 39.4% 1,355 60.6% 2,083 0.0% 0
1960 50.5% 1,889 49.4% 1,849 0.1% 2
1956 53.7% 2,026 46.3% 1,748 0.0% 1
1952 57.8% 2,137 42.1% 1,557 0.1% 5
1948 46.1% 1,562 53.3% 1,805 0.7% 22
1944 48.2% 1,738 51.3% 1,849 0.6% 20
1940 45.2% 2,101 53.3% 2,478 1.5% 69
1936 35.0% 1,591 63.2% 2,873 1.9% 85
1932 28.8% 1,148 70.7% 2,822 0.6% 23
1928 55.0% 2,289 44.8% 1,867 0.2% 9
1924 41.5% 1,637 54.5% 2,149 4.1% 160
1920 45.1% 1,590 52.9% 1,866 2.0% 71
1916 34.5% 1,579 62.5% 2,856 3.0% 137
1912 16.5% 381 58.7% 1,358 24.8% 573
1908 35.8% 947 60.9% 1,609 3.3% 87
1904 38.1% 934 54.7% 1,341 7.2% 177
1900 32.9% 988 65.5% 1,968 1.6% 49
1896 32.9% 1,024 66.2% 2,063 1.0% 30
1892 30.9% 879 55.1% 1,567 14.1% 400

EducationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Specific
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Mount Sterling, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
General

External linksEdit