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Brookfield is a city located in Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States in the Milwaukee metropolitan area. It had a population of 37,920 in the 2010 census.[5] Brookfield is the third largest city in Waukesha County. The city is adjacent to the Town of Brookfield.

Brookfield, Wisconsin
From top left clockwise: Brookfield Central High School, Veterans Memorial Fountain, Brookfield Square Mall, Brookfield City Hall, and the Brookfield Safety Building
From top left clockwise: Brookfield Central High School, Veterans Memorial Fountain, Brookfield Square Mall, Brookfield City Hall, and the Brookfield Safety Building
Flag of Brookfield, Wisconsin
Flag
Official seal of Brookfield, Wisconsin
Seal
Motto(s): 
Minutes from Milwaukee, Miles from Expected
Location of Brookfield in Waukesha County, Wisconsin
Location of Brookfield in Waukesha County, Wisconsin
Brookfield is located in Wisconsin
Brookfield
Brookfield
Location in Wisconsin
Brookfield is located in the United States
Brookfield
Brookfield
Brookfield (the United States)
Coordinates: 43°3′29″N 88°6′53″W / 43.05806°N 88.11472°W / 43.05806; -88.11472Coordinates: 43°3′29″N 88°6′53″W / 43.05806°N 88.11472°W / 43.05806; -88.11472
CountyWaukesha
IncorporatedAugust 14, 1954
Government
 • MayorSteven V. Ponto[1]
Area
 • City27.66 sq mi (71.63 km2)
 • Land27.29 sq mi (70.68 km2)
 • Water0.367 sq mi (0.95 km2)  1.327%
Elevation
830 ft (253 m)
Population
 • City37,920
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
38,770
 • Density1,394.10/sq mi (538.27/km2)
 • Metro
1,760,268
 The population figure given for the metropolitan area is for the Milwaukee metropolitan area, which includes Brookfield
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (Central)
Postal Code(s)
53045, 53005, 53072
Area code(s)262
FIPS code55-10025
Websitewww.ci.brookfield.wi.us

HistoryEdit

Brookfield is west of Milwaukee in Waukesha County in an area originally inhabited by Potawatomi Indians.[6] The first white settler, William Howe, arrived in 1820 with a Presidential Land Grant giving him title to the area. Soon after, Robert Curren bought a claim in 1836, and established a tavern and inn.[7]

In May 1838, Jacques View Jr., with a large party of white settlers, lead the local Potawatomi west. By 1839, the population needed a school house, as the 1840 census showed a population of 148. In these 1840's, George Gebhardt started trading with the surrounding Potawatomi and Menominee neighbors. 1843 is when the first church was built, by the Irish Catholic congregation, named St. Dominic. 1848 was when telegraph lines were laid through Brookfield, towards Waukesha. Communication was made easier due to this. In 1849, cholera reached Brookfield, and one Laura Grover recalls, "The death-like stillness was appalling; nothing was seen but the death carts rolling round the streets gathering the recent dead... I believe there were fifty deaths from cholera that day." The same year, 64 Brookfield residents voted in favor of giving suffrage to black residents, and 0 the other way. In 1850, cholera again went through Brookfield, and according to one Earl Thayer, "The cholera returned... more terrible than the year before. People literally died walking along the streets. Official reports put the toll at over 300."[8]

In 1850, the Milwaukee and Mississippi Railroad (now the Canadian Pacific Rail) built a railroad through the town, which in 1853 erected a depot, forming the Brookfield Junction. In the year 1850, the Town of Brookfield had 1,944 inhabitants and in land area covered 36 square miles. The town slowly grew over following years, with the economy being mostly agricultural, with Brookfield Junction serving as a commercial center for the surrounding farms.[7] The Civil War, an important part of American history, had little affect to this town.[8] In 1867, a second rail depot was constructed, which still stands.[7]

In the 1900's, Brookfield gained a new reputation. Waukesha County was called Cow County, U.S.A., as according to advertisers, they claimed that in the county there were more cows than people. This was, of course, fantastical, although there were cows. This did help cement Wisconsin's dairy reputation. WWI, one of the biggest wars in history, also didn't have too much of an effect on Brookfield and how we know it today. The Spanish flu, however, did kill many people, but not as many as cholera had in the past.[8] On May 31, 1914, a tornado hit, devastating the farmers and the rural area.[9]

This quiet, rural atmosphere attracted one notorious resident, Al Capone, as he established an area to live and a distillery on Brookfield Road.[10] In 1928, the first suburban development, Kinsey's Garvendale, a residential subdivision, was created. Early subdivisions grew slowly due to the Great Depression hitting a year later, affecting its growth and killing demand.

Development in Brookfield began to increase after the Second World War. Suburban development was encouraged by a lack of housing, the baby boom, and government sponsored building programs, which further grew the town, and after several annexations of neighboring communities, an incorporation drive started. The City of Brookfield was incorporated from the town of Brookfield, a portion of which still survives along the city's western edge, on August 14, 1954. The first mayor was Franklin Wirth, and he oversaw the new city, which at the time had a population of 7,900 and covered an area of 17.5 square miles. Much of the land was still in agricultural use, so the city's founders encouraged orderly development of office and industrial areas to cause the community to function with strong industrial and commercial base.

Today, Brookfield covers 27.66 square miles, and numbers 37,920 residents.[7]

Geography and climateEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.59 square miles (71.46 km2), of which 27.29 square miles (70.68 km2) is land and 0.367 square miles (0.95 km2) is water.[11] The sub-continental divide passes through Brookfield; on the eastern side of this divide, easily marked by the crest at Calhoun Road and Capitol Drive, water flows to Lake Michigan on its way to the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; on the western side of this divide, water flows to the Fox River of Illinois and Wisconsin on its way to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico.

There is a heron rookery on a site northwest of Capitol Drive and Brookfield Road.[12]

The Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as humid continental (Dfa).

Climate data for Brookfield, Wisconsin (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
66
(19)
82
(28)
91
(33)
101
(38)
101
(38)
109
(43)
102
(39)
101
(38)
88
(31)
78
(26)
68
(20)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 27.8
(−2.3)
31.9
(−0.1)
43.1
(6.2)
56.4
(13.6)
67.8
(19.9)
78.0
(25.6)
81.9
(27.7)
79.9
(26.6)
72.7
(22.6)
59.8
(15.4)
45.4
(7.4)
31.5
(−0.3)
56.4
(13.6)
Average low °F (°C) 10.7
(−11.8)
14.4
(−9.8)
23.5
(−4.7)
35.0
(1.7)
45.0
(7.2)
54.8
(12.7)
59.8
(15.4)
58.6
(14.8)
49.8
(9.9)
38.3
(3.5)
27.7
(−2.4)
15.4
(−9.2)
36.1
(2.3)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(−34)
−28
(−33)
−14
(−26)
7
(−14)
25
(−4)
29
(−2)
41
(5)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
7
(−14)
−9
(−23)
−28
(−33)
−29
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.45
(37)
1.42
(36)
1.78
(45)
3.39
(86)
3.49
(89)
4.36
(111)
3.85
(98)
4.58
(116)
3.39
(86)
2.61
(66)
2.48
(63)
1.81
(46)
34.61
(879)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 12.3
(31)
8.6
(22)
5.6
(14)
1.8
(4.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.1
(0.25)
1.6
(4.1)
10.1
(26)
40.0
(102)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.2 7.5 7.9 10.7 11.8 10.7 9.4 9.1 8.8 9.4 8.8 9.5 112.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.8 5.1 3.5 1.0 0 0 0 0 0 .1 1.1 6.2 23.8
Source: NOAA[13]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
196019,812
197031,76160.3%
198034,0357.2%
199035,1843.4%
200038,6499.8%
201037,920−1.9%
Est. 201738,045[4]0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 37,920 people, 14,576 households, and 10,999 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,399.8 inhabitants per square mile (540.5/km2). There were 15,317 housing units at an average density of 565.4 per square mile (218.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.0% White, 1.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 6.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 14,576 households of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.5% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the city was 46.7 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.5% were from 25 to 44; 33% were from 45 to 64; and 19.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 38,649 people, 13,891 households, and 11,223 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,421.1 people per square mile (548.6/km²). There are 14,208 housing units at an average density of 522.4 per square mile (201.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 94.20 percent White, 3.83 percent Asian, 0.83 percent Black or African American, 0.09 percent Native American, 0.02 percent Pacific Islander, 0.23 percent from other races, and 0.81 percent from two or more races. 1.17 percent of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 13,891 households out of which 36.1 percent have children under age 18 living with them, 73.1 percent are married couples living together, 5.5 percent have a female householder with no husband present, and 19.2 percent are non-families. 16.7 percent of all households are made up of individuals and 9.0 percent have someone living alone who is 65 years old or older. The average household size is 2.74 people and the average family size is 3.09 people.

In the city, the population is spread out with 26.8 percent under age 18, 4.6 percent from 18 years old to 24 years old, 23.2 percent from 25 years old to 44 years old, 27.8 percent from 45 years old to 64 years old, and 17.6 percent who are 65 years old or older. The median age is 42 years. For every 100 females, there are 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $76,225, and the median income for a family is $83,691. Males have a median income of $62,351 versus $37,589 for females. The per capita income for the city is $37,292. 2.2 percent of the population and 1.4 percent of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.4 percent of those under age 18 and 3.4 percent of those 65 years old and older are living below the poverty line.

EconomyEdit

Fiserv is headquartered in Brookfield.[15] The firm provides financial services technology (software, for the most part) for banks, thrifts, credit unions, securities broker dealers, leasing and finance companies, and retailers, among others. Its 2016 revenue was approximately $5.5 billion.[16]

Fedex's SmartPost business unit is also headquartered in Brookfield.[17][18]

TransportationEdit

Capitol Airport (02C) serves the city and surrounding communities.

GovernmentEdit

Brookfield has a mayor–council government. The mayor is elected to a four-year term. On April 1, 2014, incumbent mayor Steve Ponto again defeated former two-term Mayor Jeff Speaker by a vote of 4,512 to 2,539.[19] On April 3, 2018, incumbent mayor Steve Ponto ran unopposed for mayor. [20]

Brookfield is represented by Jim Sensenbrenner (R) in the United States House of Representatives, and by Ron Johnson (R) and Tammy Baldwin (D) in the United States Senate. Brookfield is represented by Dale Kooyenga (R) in the Wisconsin State Senate and Rob Hutton (R) and Robyn Beckley Vining (D) in the Wisconsin State Assembly.

Common CouncilEdit

The Common Council is composed of 14 aldermen, with two representing each of seven districts. They serve four-year terms, with one member from each district up for election every other year. The aldermen set policy and have extensive financial control, but are not engaged in daily operational management.

District Aldermen (2018–2022)[21] Aldermen (2016–2020)
1 Bill Carnell Daniel Sutton
2 Bob Reddin Rick Owen
3 Jeff McCarthy Ron Balzer
4 Mark Nelson Edward "Buck" Jurken
5 Gary Mahkorn Scott Berg
6 Gerald Mellone Christopher Blackburn
7 Brad Blumer Renee Lowerr

EducationEdit

The Elmbrook School District serves residents of Brookfield excluding a small section of southwest Brookfield, which is in the Waukesha School District. Private schools include St. Dominic Catholic School, St. John Vianney Catholic Church, St. Luke Catholic School, St. Joseph's Catholic School, Elm Grove Lutheran School, Brookfield Christian School, and Brookfield Academy. Private high schools located within the Brookfield city limits include Brookfield Christian School and Heritage Christian School, West Suburban Christian Academy.[22]

TourismEdit

 
Historical marker noting birthplace of Caroline Ingalls, mother of author Laura Ingalls Wilder

Brookfield offers shopping, fine dining, outdoor golf and parks. Brookfield's concert hall is the Sharon Lynne Wilson Center for the Arts located in Mitchell Park. Brookfield's main beach is located at Fox Brook Park where hiking in natural preserves, sailing, biking and golfing are also available.

Brookfield Square is the main shopping mall for the city and also serves as a commercial anchor to the Bluemound Road shopping district serving the western suburbs of Milwaukee and Waukesha County. Brookfield has off-road bike paths throughout the city.

Brookfield Days is held annually in June, at Wirth Park supported by the local community. A farmer's market runs on weekends in summer months at the Brookfield City Hall.

The Elmbrook Historical Society hosts several events annually celebrating the lives of early Brookfield settlers, including Caroline Ingalls, who was born in the Brookfield area. The city is often visited by fans of her daughter, Laura, author of the Little House on the Prairie book series.

Notable peopleEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Brookfield has one sister city:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "City of Brookfield Official Web Site". Retrieved 2010-04-28.
  2. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b Brookfield (brief history) Wisconsin State Historical Society
  7. ^ a b c d About Brookfield-History
  8. ^ a b c Ramstack, Thomas. (2007). Brookfield : a fine and fertile land : an early history of the town of Brookfield, Waukesha County, Wisconsin (2nd ed., reviewed & revised ed.). [Milwaukee, WI?]: T. Ramstack. ISBN 9781598729986. OCLC 226304651.
  9. ^ Ramstack, Thomas. (2009). Brookfield and Elm Grove. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub. ISBN 9780738560700. OCLC 311792802.
  10. ^ "Gangster's paradise". www.gmtoday.com. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2018". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2019-05-26.
  12. ^ Sink, Lisa (July 12, 2008). "Brookfield heron rookery in danger of disappearing". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2009-04-30.
  13. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "About Us, Fiserv Innovation and Technology | Fiserv". www.fiserv.com. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  16. ^ "EDGAR Filing Documents for 0000798354-17-000006". www.sec.gov. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  17. ^ "FedEx SmartPost Hub Network". FedEx SmartPost Network. FedEx Corporation. 2018. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  18. ^ "SurePost Product Information Page | UPS". UPS Home. United Parcel Service (UPS). Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  19. ^ Linnane, Rory (April 1, 2014). "Ponto takes wide lead in mayoral election, defeating Speaker". BrookfieldNow. Retrieved 2014-05-05.
  20. ^ "No race for mayor in Brookfield, but April 3 ballot in rest of West area taking shape".
  21. ^ "Election results: Wisconsin and Milwaukee-area spring general election". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. April 3, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-14.
  22. ^ "Elmbook Schools and the 220 Program". Retrieved 2012-01-07.
  23. ^ City of Brookfield official web site
  24. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1874,' Biographical Sketch of Henry J. Clasen, pg. 470
  25. ^ Charlotte Symphony - Aubrey Foard
  26. ^ Aubrey Foard - Professional Tubist and Brass Teacher
  27. ^ "Unveil Marker Soldier 1776". Waukesha Freeman. June 18, 1918. Retrieved 2012-05-27.
  28. ^ Wisconsin Society Sons of the American Revolution
  29. ^ Nathan Hatch Waymark
  30. ^ Sink, Lisa (May 26, 2012). "Descendants, City Honor Revolutionary War Veteran Buried in Brookfield". Brookfield Patch. Retrieved 2012-05-27.
  31. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 2007-2008,' Biographical Sketch of Theodore Kanavas, pg. 84

External linksEdit