Brook Street, London

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Brook Street is an axial street in the exclusive central London district of Mayfair. Most of it is leasehold, paying ground rent to and seeking lease renewals from the reversioner, that since before 1800, has been the Grosvenor Estate. Named after the Tyburn that it crossed,[1] it was developed in the first half of the 18th century and runs from Hanover Square to Grosvenor Square. The western continuation (to Park Lane) is called Upper Brook Street; its west end faces Brook Street Gate of Hyde Park. Both sections consisted of neo-classical terraced houses, mostly built to individual designs. Some of them were very ornate, finely stuccoed and tall-ceilinged, designed by well known architects for wealthy tenants, especially near Grosvenor Square, others exposed good quality brickwork or bore fewer expensive window openings and embellishments. Some of both types survive. Others have been replaced by buildings from later periods.

Westward view from the east end of Brook Street, close to Hanover Square.

Opulent hotel Claridge's co-fronts two other streets[a] and takes the majority of a block. The Embassy of Argentina is at №65. The Handel & Hendrix in London occupies №s 23-25, once homes of famous musicians Jimi Hendrix and Handel.

The French restaurant Le Gavroche is housed on the primary floors of №43 Upper Brook Street.

Former residentsEdit

Sursock familyEdit

The Sursock family opened their first office in Europe, at №31, in 1858, from which they directed commercial networks, exposing land-holdings across the eastern Mediterranean to development capital of European markets (of joint-stock equity and of credit).[2]


Houses of Jimi Hendrix (No. 23, left) and George Frideric Handel (No. 25)

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Thus is addressed Claridges, Brook Street, London, W1K 4HR
  2. ^ The highest number is 80
  3. ^ The number no longer exists; Brook Street has most numbers from 1 to 38; then has 48A as its final set of addresses
  1. ^ a b Survey of London, Volume 40: The Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 2 (The Buildings), 1980, ed. F. H. W. Sheppard, p. 210-221
  2. ^ Alff, Kristen (January 2018). "Levantine Joint-Stock Companies, Trans-Mediterranean Partnerships, and Nineteenth-Century Capitalist Development". Comparative Studies in Society and History. 60: 150–177. doi:10.1017/S0010417517000445.
  3. ^ Brown, Susan, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy, eds. Valentine Ackland entry: Life screen within Orlando: Women's Writing in the British Isles from the Beginnings to the Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Online, 2006. 27 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Upper Brook Street: North Side Pages 200-210 Survey of London: Volume 40, the Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 2 (The Buildings). Originally published by London County Council, London, 1980". British History Online. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  5. ^ 'Upper Brook Street: North Side', in Survey of London: Volume 40, the Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 2 (The Buildings), ed. F H W Sheppard (London, 1980), pp. 200-210 Accessed 14 December 2015
  6. ^ Wheatley, Henry Benjamin (1891). London, Past and Present. London: Murray. p. 283.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°30′46″N 0°08′50″W / 51.5129°N 0.1471°W / 51.5129; -0.1471