British rule in Ireland began with the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169. Since 1169, there has been continuous political resistance to British rule, as well as a series of military campaigns intended to force a British withdrawal.
Most of Ireland gained independence from Great Britain following the Anglo-Irish War as a Dominion called the Irish Free State in 1922, and became a fully independent republic following the passage of the Republic of Ireland Act in 1949. Northern Ireland still remains part of the United Kingdom as a constituent country.
- Lordship of Ireland (1171–1542)
- Kingdom of Ireland (1542–1800)
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922)
- Formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The same periods are also dealt with as:
- Stamp, Gavin (8 April 2014). "Britain and Ireland: A brief history". Archived from the original on 26 May 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- "A republic in name but constitutional conundrums remain". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 21 January 2021. Retrieved 7 January 2020.