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British general election, 1713

The British general election, 1713 produced further gains for the governing Tory party. Since 1710 Robert Harley had led a government appointed after the downfall of the Whig Junto, attempting to pursue a moderate and non-controversial policy, but had increasingly struggled to deal with the extreme Tory backbenchers who were frustrated by the lack of support for anti-dissenter legislation. The government remained popular with the electorate, however, having helped to end the War of the Spanish Succession and agreeing on the Treaty of Utrecht. The Tories consequently made further gains against the Whigs, making Harley's job even more difficult. Contests were held in 94 constituencies in England and Wales, some 35 per cent of the total, reflecting a decline in partisan tension and the Whigs' belief that they were unlikely to win anyway.

Great Britain general election, 1713
Kingdom of Great Britain
← 1710 22 August 12 November 1715 →

All 558 seats of the House of Commons
280 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  RobertHarley1710.jpg
Leader Robert Harley Whig Junto
Party Tory Whig
Leader since 1710 c. 1695
Leader's seat Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer
Seats won 369 161
Seat change Increase 23 Decrease 25
Popular vote - -
Percentage - -

Contents

Summary of the ConstituenciesEdit

See British general election, 1796 for details. The constituencies used were the same throughout the existence of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Dates of ElectionEdit

The general election was held between 22 August 1713 and 12 November 1713. At this period elections did not take place at the same time in every constituency. The returning officer in each county or parliamentary borough fixed the precise date (see hustings for details of the conduct of the elections).

ResultsEdit

Country Tories Whigs Total Members
England 323 166 489
Wales 21 3 24
Scotland 14 31 45
Total[1] 358 200 558

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000). (For dates of elections before 1832, see the footnote to Table 5.02).