British Residency, Hyderabad

Koti Residency or British Residency or "Hyderabad Residency" is an opulent mansion built by James Achilles Kirkpatrick in the princely state of Hyderabad. Kirkpatrick was British Resident of Hyderabad between 1798 and 1805. It is a minor tourist attraction located in the suburb of Koti, Hyderabad.

Koti Residency
Koti Residency Deborah Hutton.jpg
Front façade of the Koti Residency
General information
TypeAmbassadorial residence
Architectural stylePalladian
LocationHyderabad, India
Coordinates17°23′01″N 78°29′05″E / 17.3837248°N 78.4847522°E / 17.3837248; 78.4847522Coordinates: 17°23′01″N 78°29′05″E / 17.3837248°N 78.4847522°E / 17.3837248; 78.4847522
Current tenantsUniversity College for Women, Koti
CompletedCirca 1805
Design and construction
Architect(s)Samuel Russell

The building with its classical portico is in the style of a Palladian villa and is similar in design to its near-contemporary in the United States, the White House. It features in the 2002 William Dalrymple book White Mughals. The house was designed by Lieutenant Samuel Russell of the Madras Engineers and construction began in 1803.


The British Residency photographed by Lala Deen Dayal in the 1880s.
The arched gateway of the then British Residency, partially in water during the Great Musi Flood of 1908.

Kirkpatrick built the mansion for himself and his Indian wife Khair un Nissa, who bore him two surviving children who were sent to England by the age of five and never saw them again due to the early deaths of their parents.

The building was once the embassy of the East India Company to the court of the Nizam of Hyderabad, and the residence of James Kirkpatrick, the British Resident, as well as his successors. Within its compound there were several quarters, including a zenana (women's quarters) where Khair un Nissa lived. Within the compound is a miniature model of the building- legend has it that this was so Kirkpatrick's wife, who remained in purdah, could see the entire mansion, including the front. This scaled model has recently been beautifully restored.

During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, a group of rebels, led by Maulvi Allauddin and Turrebaz Khan, attacked the residency. After the events of 1857, the British erected martello towers at the residency, which were demolished in 1954.[1]

After independence in 1947, the building became vacant. In 1949 it was converted into a women's college, Osmania University College for Women.

After a court directive to the Archaeological Survey of India, it is now a protected monument.[2] However, the building suffered much damage over the years and part of the ceiling had collapsed.[3] Restoration works were completed in January 2023, the result of an effort spanning over 20 years.[4]

List of British ResidentsEdit


The building is in the Palladian style, with a classical portico. Six Corinthian columns support the roof. Within its compound there were several quarters, including a zenana quarter.


  1. ^ Khalidi, Omar (2009). A Guide to Architecture in Hyderabad, Deccan, India (PDF). Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture. p. 115. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  2. ^ [1] "Court directive to Archaeological Survey of India", The Hindu, March 22, 2012
  3. ^ "The British Residency in Hyderabad". Minor Sights. May 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  4. ^ "In photos: A makeover for 200-year-old India heritage building". 28 January 2023. Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  5. ^ David Smith, "letters Reveal Heartbreak of Young Winston, The Guardian 9 November 2003,; see also Ramachandra Guha, "Churchill in Bangalore," The Hindu Magazine, December 21, 2003