British Forces Germany
British Forces Germany (BFG) was the generic name for the three services of the British military, made up of service personnel, UK Civil Servants and dependents (family members), based in Germany. It was first established following the Second World War the largest parts of it becoming known as the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) and RAF Germany (RAFG).
|British Forces Germany|
|Branch|| Royal Navy|
Royal Air Force
|Part of||UK Ministry of Defence|
|Colonel Tim Hill|
It was the largest concentration of British armed forces permanently stationed outside the United Kingdom. With the end of the Cold War and the Options for Change defence review in the early 1990s, BFG as a whole has been considerably reduced. Since the 1990s, the British presence was centred on the 1st Armoured Division, and supporting elements.
Following the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review, the permanent deployment will end by 2020. As of 1 April 2019[update], there were 2,850 troops in Germany, down from 19,100 in April 2010. However, around 185 British Army personnel and 60 Ministry of Defense civilians will remain in Germany beyond 2020.
The remaining presence will be known as British Army Germany.
First established following the Second World War, the forces grew during the Cold War, consisting by the early 1980s of I (BR) Corps made up of four divisions; 1st Armoured Division, 2nd Armoured Division, 3rd Armoured Division and the 4th Armoured Division.
Disbandment of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) and Royal Air Force Germany (RAFG) in 1994, following the end of the Cold War and the Options for Change defence review in the early 1990s, reduced the personnel strength of the British Armed Forces in Germany by almost 30,000 with just one division (1st Armoured Division) remaining. The British presence was estimated to have been contributing 1.5 billion Euros annually to the German economy in 2004. Following a further spending review, one brigade was withdrawn and Osnabrück Garrison closed in 2009.
Administrative support for British service personnel in Germany and across Continental Europe was delegated to United Kingdom Support Command (Germany). The four Army garrisons in Germany were under the direct administrative control of UKSC. The General Officer Commanding UKSC also functioned as head of the British Forces Liaison Organisation (Germany), which is responsible for liaising and maintaining relations with German civil authorities. HQ British Forces Germany was formed in January 2012 replacing the United Kingdom Support Command (Germany) (UKSC(G)) and the Germany Support Group (GSG).
Rhine Garrison, which principally comprised HQ British Forces Germany in the Rheindahlen Military Complex and Elmpt Station, also reduced in size; the HQ moved to Bielefeld in July 2013 and other units returned to the UK. The two central garrisons - Gütersloh and Paderborn - combined to form a single "super garrison" called Westfalen Garrison in April 2014.
With the departure of Major General John Henderson in March 2015, the Commanding Officer of British Forces Germany became a brigadier's post, with Brigadier Ian Bell assuming command.
In autumn 2019, British Forces Germany closed.
Off duty lifeEdit
During the height of "the Troubles" in Northern Ireland, the IRA targeted personnel in Germany between 1988 and 1990. The attacks resulted in the deaths of nine people, including three civilians, and many wounded. As a result, vehicles owned by personnel ceased to have distinct registration plates, which had made them easily identifiable.
Commanders have included:
General Officer Commanding United Kingdom Support Command (Germany)
- 1994–1995 Major-General Scott Grant
- 1995–1997 Major-General Christopher Drewry
- 1997–2001 Major-General Christopher Elliott
- 2001–2003 Major-General John Moore-Bick
- 2003–2006 Major-General David Bill
- 2006–2009 Major-General Mungo Melvin
- 2009–2012 Major-General Nicholas Caplin
General Officer Commanding British Forces Germany
- 2012–2015 Major-General John Henderson
Commander British Forces Germany
- 2015–2018 Brigadier Ian Bell
- 2018–2019 Brigadier Richard Clements
Commander British Army Germany
- BFG, Commander (September 23, 2019). "So, it is time to say Aufwiedersehen. It has been an honour to command this fantastic organisation doing its very best to support our people here in . Thank you. This account will transfer to the new Comd British Army Germany, Col Tim Hill. Please continue & follow him.pic.twitter.com/TU3GKnZFPU".
- "British Forces Germany" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- Chandler (2003), The Oxford History of the British Army, p. 360
- – Annual Location Statistics, 1 April 2019
- "UK to maintain military presence in Germany". GOV.UK. 30 September 2018.
- "British Orders of Battle & TO&Es 1980-1989" (PDF). Battlefront: Modern. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "From occupiers and protectors to guests". BBC News. 20 July 2004. Retrieved 11 February 2006.
- "Osnabrück picks up the pieces after British withdrawal". DW.com. 3 September 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
- United Kingdom Support Command[permanent dead link]
- "HQ British Forces Germany website". Archived from the original on 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
- "Long goodbye almost over". Archived from the original on July 18, 2013.
- "Farewell to the 1st Westfalen Garrison Commander". 16 June 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "A Queen's birthday reception was held in Germany". 11 June 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- "The British Army in Germany". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "British Army to stay in Germany?". Warfare Today. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
- "All British army bases in Germany to close by 2019 with 20,000 troops returning to UK". Metro. 5 Mar 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- "Defence review ends Iraq-sized ventures". Ft.com. Retrieved 2010-10-22.
- In West Germany: Military Networks Spreading Pop, Billboard, Billboard - 27 Mar 1982
- British Army (Germany) Rugby Archived 2010-04-02 at the Wayback Machine ARU website, accessed: 29 March 2010
- Secret squad sent in to track down IRA killers, Glasgow Herald, 3 May 1988
- "Army commands" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 5, 2015.
- So, it is time to say Aufwiedersehen. It has been an honour to command this fantastic organisation doing its very best to support our people here in . Thank you. This account will transfer to the new Comd British Army Germany, Col Tim Hill. Please continue & follow him.pic.twitter.com/TU3GKnZFPU
- "'They're Moving Back': New BFG Commander Shuts Down 20 Brigade Rumours". Forces Net. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.