British Covered Court Championships

The British Covered Court Championships (BCCC) was an indoor tennis event held from 1885 through 1971 and played in London, England. The dates of the tournament fluctuated between October and March.

British Covered Court Championships
Indoors court at the Queen's club, England, before 1903.jpg
Defunct tennis tournament
TourGrand Prix circuit (1970–1971)
Founded1885
Abolished1971
Editions72
LocationLondon, England
VenueHyde Park (1885–1894)
Queen's Club (1895–1971)
SurfaceWood / indoor

HistoryEdit

For its first five years the tournament was held at the Hyde Park Lawn Tennis Club in Porchester Square, London and consisted only of a men's singles competition. In 1890, when it was decided to add a women's singles and men's doubles competition, the tournament moved to the Queen's Club in London although the men's singles remained at Hyde Park until 1895.[1] The mixed doubles event was added to the championships in 1898.[2] A third court was added to the championships in 1912 and, like the original two courts, it had a wooden surface.[3] In 1923 the Challenge Round system, allowing the champion to skip next year's competition and only play the winner of that competition, was abolished.[4] In 1925 the tournament was merged with the London Covered Court Championships.[5] The women's doubles event was added to the tournament in 1934 and the tournament was renamed to The National Covered Court Championships.[6] From its inception it grew into an important event through the first half of the 20th century, but by the late 1950s its stature had diminished greatly and in 1966 they couldn't find a sponsor at all. In 1968 the BCCC became part of the first Dewar Cup circuit but that was its final year at Queens Club.[7] In 1969 it merged with the Wembley Championship while continuing to be called the British Covered Court Championships and it was an official ILTF Grand Prix event in 1970 and 1971. With several top players, who were part of the World Championship Tennis circuit, barred from competition in 1972, and no sponsors to be found, the tournament was discontinued.[7]

Frenchman Jean Borotra is the male record holder with eleven singles titles and British Dorothea Douglass Chambers holds the record for women with seven singles titles.

ChampionsEdit

 
Indoor tennis court at Hyde Park in 1895

Men's singlesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score Surface
1885   Herbert Lawford   Charles Ross 7–5, 6–3, 6–0 Wood
1886   Edward Lake Williams   Herbert Lawford 6–2, 1–6, 5–7, 6–4, 6–4 Wood
1887   Ernest Lewis   Edward Lake Williams 6–2, 6–2, 6–1 Wood
1888   Ernest Lewis   Ernest George Meers 6–3, 6–0, 6–1 Wood
1889   Ernest Lewis   James Crispe 6–1, 6–1, 6–1 Wood
1890   Ernest Lewis   Ernest George Meers 6–2, 6–3, 6–2 Wood
1891   Ernest Lewis   Ernest George Meers 6–4, 8–6, 6–3 Wood
1892   Ernest George Meers   Ernest Lewis 6–3, 3–6, 6–1, 6–2 Wood
1893   Harold Mahony   Ernest George Meers 6–2, 6–2, 6–4 Wood
1894   Harold Mahony   Ernest George Meers 6–4, 6–4, 6–3 Wood
1895   Ernest Lewis   Harold Mahony walkover Wood
1896   Ernest Lewis   Wilberforce Eaves 6–4, 6–1, 6–8, 4–6, 7–5 Wood
1897   Wilberforce Eaves   Ernest Lewis 6–3, 6–3, 7–5 Wood
1898   Wilberforce Eaves   Laurence Doherty 6–4, 7–5, 6–3 Wood
1899   Wilberforce Eaves   Harold Mahony 6–2, 6–4, 6–8, 3–6, 6–4 Wood
1900   Arthur Gore   Major Ritchie 6–1, 7–5, 6–3 Wood
1901   Laurence Doherty   Arthur Gore 6–3, 6–1, 6–1 Wood
1902   Laurence Doherty   Major Ritchie 6–4, 6–3, 5–7, 6–3 Wood
1903   Laurence Doherty   George Hillyard 6–1, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2 Wood
1904   Laurence Doherty   Major Ritchie 6–2, 8–10, 5–7, 6–4, 6–3 Wood
1905   Laurence Doherty   Major Ritchie 6–1, 8–6, 6–2 Wood
1906   Laurence Doherty   Arthur Gore 6–2, 6–4, 8–6 Wood
1907   Anthony Wilding   Laurence Doherty walkover Wood
1908   Arthur Gore   Anthony Wilding 4–6, 8–6, 6–0, 8–6 Wood
1909   Major Ritchie   Arthur Gore 7–5, 8–6, 6–3 Wood
1910   Gordon Lowe   Arthur Lowe 6–4, 6–0, 6–1 Wood
1911   André Gobert   Gordon Lowe 6–3, 7–5, 6–3 Wood
1912   André Gobert   Anthony Wilding 3–6, 7–5, 4–6, 6–4, 6–4 Wood
1913   Percival Davson   Erik Larsen 5–7, 6–2, 6–3, 6–2 Wood
1914   Major Ritchie   Percival Davson 8–6, 6–3, 6–1 Wood
1915–1918 Not held (due to World War I)
1919   Percival Davson   Major Ritchie 6–2, 6–3, 8–6 Wood
1920   André Gobert   Percival Davson 6–4, 7–5, 6–2 Wood
1921   André Gobert   Walter Crawley 6–2, 6–4, 4–6, 0–6, 7–5 Wood
1922   André Gobert   Brian I. C. Norton 4–6, 6–1, 6–8, 6–4, 6–2 Wood
1923   John D. Wheatley   Hassan Ali Fyzee 1–6, 6–2, 6–4, 6–4 Wood
1924   Patrick Spence   John D. Wheatley 6–2, 6–2, 4–6, 6–1 Wood
1925   Sydney Jacob[8]   Patrick Spence 3–6, 7–5, 6–0, 3–6, 6–3 Wood
1926   Jean Borotra   Donald Greig 6–3, 6–2, 6–4 Wood
1927   Edward T. Higgs   Gordon Crole–Rees 6–4, 6–3, 6–4 Wood
1928   Jean Borotra   Gordon Crole Rees 4–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–3 Wood
1929   Jean Borotra   Nigel Sharpe 7–5, 6–2, 6–2 Wood
1930   Jean Borotra   Henry Austin 6–1, 0–6, 2–6, 6–2, 6–4 Wood
1931   Jean Borotra   Jiro Satoh 10–8, 6–3, 0–6, 6–3 Wood
1932   Jean Borotra   Harry Lee 6–2, 6–3, 6–3 Wood
1933 [9]   Jean Borotra   Henry Austin 6–3, 5–7, 6–4, 1–6, 6–4 Wood
1934   Henry Austin   Jean Borotra 6–2, 4–6, 6–0, 6–8, 6–2 Wood
1935   Jean Borotra   Nigel Sharpe 6–0, 6–2, 6–0 Wood
1936   Karl Schröder   Jean Borotra 8–6, 6–1, 9–7 Wood
1937   Henry Austin   Karl Schröder 6–2, 3–6, 7–5, 6–2 Wood
1938   Jean Borotra   Donald Butler 6–0, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2 Wood
1939–1946 Not held (due to World War II)
1947   Ivo Rinkel   Ernest Wittman 3–6, 7–5, 7–5 Wood
1948   Jean Borotra   Geoffrey Paish 6–3, 6–3, 6–2 Wood
1949   Jean Borotra   Geoffrey Paish 6–4, 6–3, 6–3 Wood
1950   Jaroslav Drobný   Geoffrey Paish 6–3, 6–2, 6–0 Wood
1951   Geoffrey Paish   Ignacy Tłoczyński 6–4, 6–4, 6–1 Wood
1952   Jaroslav Drobný   Tony Mottram 6–3, 6–4, 8–6 Wood
1953   Jaroslav Drobný   Robert Wilson 6–2, 7–5, 6–2 Wood
1954   Jaroslav Drobný   Władysław Skonecki 7–5, 7–5, 7–9, 6–4 Wood
1955   Władysław Skonecki   William Knight 5–7, 7–5, 6–4, 9–7 Wood
1956   Alfred Huber   Geoffrey Paish 7–5, 7–5, 7–9, 6–4 Wood
1957 Not held
1958   Mike Davies   Owen Davidson 5–7, 6–1, 6–2, 6–2 Wood
1959   Robert Wilson   Kurt Nielsen 6–3, 8–6, 6–2 Wood
1960   William Knight   Robert Wilson 6–3, 6–4, 8–6 Wood
1961   Anthony Pickard   Manuel Santana 6–1, 6–3, 6–3 Wood
1962   Robert Wilson   William Knight 3–6, 6–3, 8–6, 2–6, 6–2 Wood
1963   Robert Wilson   Roger Taylor 16–14, 6–2, 9–7 Wood
1964   Mike Sangster   Robert Wilson 6–3, 8–6, 6–4 Wood
1965   Robert Wilson   Mark Cox 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 6–4 Wood
1966–1967 Not held
Open era
1968   Robert Hewitt   Robert Lutz 4–6, 6–2, 6–4, 10–8 Wood
1969   Rod Laver   Tony Roche 6–4, 6–1, 6–3 Carpet
1970   Rod Laver   Cliff Richey 6–3, 6–4, 7–5 Carpet
1971   Ilie Năstase   Rod Laver 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–4, 6–4 Carpet

Women's singlesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score Surface
1890   May Jacks   M. Pick 6–0, 6–1 Wood
1891   Maud Shackle   May Jacks 7–5, 6–2 Wood
1892   Maud Shackle   May Arbuthnot 6–3, 3–6, 6–2 Wood
1893   Maud Shackle   May Arbuthnot 6–2, 1–6, 7–5 Wood
1894   Edith Austin   May Arbuthnot 2–6, 6–4, 7–5 Wood
1895   Charlotte Cooper   Edith Austin 6–4, 3–6, 6–1 Wood
1896   Edith Austin   Charlotte Cooper 6–2, 3–6, 6–3 Wood
1897   Edith Austin   Ruth Dyas 9–11, 6–4, 12–10 Wood
1898   Edith Austin   Ruth Pennington-Legh 6–3, 2–6, 6–2 Wood
1899   Edith Austin   Charlotte Cooper 6–2, 6–4 Wood
1900   Toupie Lowther   Edith Austin Greville 2–6, 7–5, 6–4 Wood
1901   Blanche Bingley Hillyard   Toupie Lowther 6–2, 6–3 Wood
1902   Toupie Lowther   Gladys Duddell 6–3, 6–1 Wood
1903   Toupie Lowther   Adine Masson 6–1, 6–0 Wood
1904   Dorothea Douglass   Edith Austin Greville 6–2, 6–3 Wood
1905   Hilda Lane   Gladys Eastlake Smith 6–4, 8–6 Wood
1906   Dorothea Douglass   Hilda Lane 6–2, 6–0 Wood
1907   Gladys Eastlake Smith   Mildred Coles 6–3, 6–3 Wood
1908   Dorothea Douglass Chambers   Gladys Eastlake Smith 6–3, 6–3 Wood
1909   Dora Boothby   Madeline O’Neill 6–1, 6–3 Wood
1910   Dorothea Douglass Chambers   Madeline O’Neill 6–4, 6–3 Wood
1911   Dorothea Douglass Chambers   Helen Aitchison 6–3, 6–1 Wood
1912   Dorothy Holman   Aurea Edgington 6–2, 6–0 Wood
1913   Dorothea Douglass Chambers   Dorothy Holman 6–2, 6–3 Wood
1914   Dorothy Holman   Madeline O’Neill 7–9, 6–1, 6–2 Wood
1915–1918 Not Held
1919   Dorothea Douglass Chambers   Dorothy Holman 6–3, 6–3 Wood
1920   Elizabeth Ryan   Doris Craddock 6–4, 6–2 Wood
1921   Dorothy Holman   Irene Bowder Peacock 6–1, 3–6, 6–4 Wood
1922   Dorothy Holman   Doris Craddock 6–2, 6–1 Wood
1923   Mabel Davey Clayton   Aurea Edgington 6–3, 6–2 Wood
1924   Geraldine Beamish   Doris Craddock 6–4, 6–4 Wood
1925   Joan Reid-Thomas   Blanche Colston 6–2, 7–5 Wood
1926   Peggy Saunders   Betty Dix 6–4, 6–2 Wood
1927   Eileen Bennett   Cristobel Hardie 6–4, 6–0 Wood
1928   Kathleen McKane Godfree   Eileen Bennett 6–1, 6–2 Wood
1929   Peggy Saunders Michell   Joan Ridley 6–4, 6–4 Wood
1930   Joan Ridley   Joan Fry 6–2, 6–2 Wood
1931   Mary Heeley   Jeanette Morfey 6–1, 6–0 Wood
1932   Peggy Scriven   Kay Stammers 6–2, 6–4 Wood
1933   Phyllis King   Kay Stammers 10–12, 6–1, 6–3 Wood
1934   Phyllis King   Mary Hardwick 6–3, 4–6, 6–2 Wood
1935   Peggy Scriven   Ermyntrude Harvey 6–2, 6–2 Wood
1936   Anita Lizana   Mary Hardwick 6–3, 6–0 Wood
1937   Peggy Scriven   Phyllis King 6–1, 6–2 Wood
1938   Peggy Scriven   Alexandra McOstrich McKelvie 6–3, 4–6, 6–1 Wood
1939–1947 Not Held
1948   Gem Hoahing   Joan Curry 1–6, 6–3, 7–5 Wood
1949   Joan Curry   Jean Quertier 6–1, 6–0 Wood
1950   Jean Quertier   Joan Curry 3–6, 7–5, 6–3 Wood
1951   Susan Partridge   Jean Walker-Smith 6–4, 6–4 Wood
1952   Angela Mortimer   Susan Partridge 6–3, 3–6, 6–3 Wood
1953   Angela Mortimer   Georgie Woodgate 6–3, 6–2 Wood
1954   Angela Mortimer   Shirley Bloomer 6–2, 6–3 Wood
1955   Anne Shilcock   Pat Ward 6–2, 6–4 Wood
1956   Angela Buxton   Anne Shilcock 6–2, 6–2 Wood
1957 Not Held
1958   Anne Shilcock   Christine Truman 6–2, 6–2 Wood
1959   Angela Mortimer   Pat Ward 6–2, 6–3 Wood
1960   Angela Mortimer   Ann Haydon 7–5, retired Wood
1961   Angela Mortimer   Christine Truman 2–6, 6–1, 6–4 Wood
1962   Ann Haydon   Christine Truman 6–4, 4–6, 9–7 Wood
1963   Deidre Catt   Renée Schuurman 4–6, 6–3, 6–3 Wood
1964   Ann Haydon-Jones   Fay Toyne 6–3, 6–3 Wood
1965   Ann Haydon-Jones   Fay Toyne 6–2, 6–1 Wood
1966–1967 Not Held
Open era
1968   Margaret Court   Virginia Wade 10–8, 6–1 Wood
1969   Ann Haydon-Jones   Billie Jean King 9–11, 6–2, 9–7 Carpet
1970   Billie Jean King   Ann Haydon-Jones 8–6, 3–6, 6–1 Carpet
1971   Billie Jean King   Françoise Dürr 6–1, 5–7, 7–5 Carpet

RecordsEdit

Men's singlesEdit

Source: The Tennisbase included [10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ McKelvie, Roy (1986). The Queen's Club Story, 1886-1986. London: Stanley Paul. p. 35. ISBN 0091660602.
  2. ^ McKelvie, p.36
  3. ^ McKelvie, pp.41,42
  4. ^ McKelvie, p.113
  5. ^ McKelvie, p.114
  6. ^ McKelvie, p.117
  7. ^ a b Max Robertson, ed. (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis: 100 Years of Great Players and Events. London: Allen & Unwin. pp. 209, 210. ISBN 0047960426.
  8. ^ "Jacob Family History". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
  9. ^ "Borotra's Tactics". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Evening Post, Volume CXVI, Issue 127, 25 November 1933. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  10. ^ Garcia, Gabriel. "British Covered Court Championships Tournament Records". thetennisbase.com. Madrid, Spain: Tennismem SL. Retrieved 25 November 2017.