|Full name||Bristol Rugby Club|
|Ground(s)||Ashton Gate Stadium (Capacity: 27,000)|
|Director of Rugby||Pat Lam|
|Most caps||Darren Crompton (138)|
|Top scorer||Felipe Contepomi (573)|
|Most tries||David Lemi (34)|
|2020–21||1st (Play-off Semi-finalists)|
The club was founded as Bristol Football Club in 1888; between 1921 and 2014 Bristol's home matches were played at the Memorial Ground and since 2014 Bristol play home matches at Ashton Gate Stadium in the south-west of the city. The current head coach is Pat Lam who was appointed in 2017. In the 2021-22 Premiership Rugby season Bristol finished 10th entitling them to compete in the 2022-23 European Rugby Challenge Cup.
Formation and early historyEdit
Bristol Football Club was formed in 1888 when the Carlton club merged with rival club Redland Park to create a united Bristol team. Westbury Park having refused to merge then folded and many of its players subsequently joined Bristol. The County Cricket Ground at Nevil Road was leased for home matches.
The first match was a heavy away defeat to Cardiff and although the first season was relatively successful the second was not with only three games won. The club went from strength to strength over the next few years under the captaincy of W. Tommy Thomson. It turned the corner and in 1891–92, now wearing the more familiar navy and white hooped shirts, the Bristol team won 20 games out of 24.
Over the ensuing seasons the fixture list went from strength to strength, consisting of most of the top English and Welsh sides. In 1900 J. W. Jarman became Bristol's first England cap. Two major touring sides played Bristol during this period. The first New Zealand All Blacks defeated the club 41–0 in 1905 and in 1909 a combined Bristol and Clifton RFC team, captained by Percy Down, lost to Australia 11–3.
The club was beginning to bring on a new generation of players when the First World War halted all rugby. After the war a Bristol United side was formed to provide rugby for returning servicemen and this led to the rebirth of Bristol in 1919. The County Ground was no longer available for home games so the club rented a field at Radnor Road, Horfield although occasional matches were staged at the Bristol City and Bristol Rovers grounds. The Radnor Road seasons were good ones for the club and a new crop of stars appeared.
The Memorial Ground stadium was built on an area of land called Buffalo Bill's Field which was previously occupied by allotments in 1921. Bristol defeated Cardiff 19–3 in the opening match in front of a large crowd.
The fiftieth anniversary was celebrated in 1938 but the next few years saw a fall in performances and the final inter-war season was a poor one. During World War II a Bristol Supporters team kept rugby union going in the city. Thus Bristol had readily available players when peacetime rugby union resumed in 1945.
The playing record in the early fifties was mixed, but there was a huge improvement under the captaincy of first Bert MacDonald, and then Dick Hawkes. Records were broken in 1956–57 and even better was to follow in what has been called 'The Blake Era'.
Fly half John Blake became captain in 1957 and under his leadership the club developed an entertaining running style of rugby involving backs and forwards, which was years ahead of its time. The Bristol club set and broke new records for wins in a season and points scored and goal kicking forward Gordon Cripps rewrote the individual points scoring records.
The 75th anniversary was celebrated in 1962–63 and floodlights were installed in the following season. Club form peaked in 1965–66 under Derek Neate's captaincy when 39 games were won, and again in 1971–72 under Tony Nicholls. This was the club's best ever season with a thousand points being scored for the first time and the team being crowned unofficial English and Anglo-Welsh champions.
Under Mike Rafter's captaincy, the club won the John Player Cup in 1983, defeating Leicester 28–22. During this period Alan Morley established a world record of 479 tries in senior rugby. The centenary season with Nigel Pomphrey as captain was celebrated in style with a game against the Barbarians and a narrow defeat in the cup final.
1998–99 (Premership Two)
Relegation to Premiership Two in 1998 was not the worst of Bristol's problems. Only an eleventh hour rescue by Malcolm Pearce saved the club from potential oblivion. Bristol also lost control of the Memorial Stadium Company to Bristol Rovers and were tenants thereafter until their eventual departure from the stadium at the conclusion of the 2013–14 season. Bristol's first season outside the top flight brought with it a number of first-time visits to clubs. Bristol went on to win the Premiership Two title and promotion back to Premiership One, sealing the win with a 22–11 victory over Worcester.
The World Cup disrupted the early part of the 1999–00 season, with a number of players missing the first few games. Under the captaincy of Dean Ryan the team finished sixth, just missing out on European Cup qualification. At the end of the season Dean Ryan took over as head coach from Bob Dwyer. After an opening day victory over newly promoted Rotherham, Bristol had a disappointing 2000–01 season finishing ninth. Off the field, Jack Rowell became managing director, and successful community initiatives saw the attendance figures rise. Chief Executive Nicholas de Scossa was involved in debates about top clubs separating from the Rugby Football Union and forming a new Premier League.
The 2001–02 season brought a new name, Bristol Shoguns, following a five-year £2-million sponsorship deal with Mitsubishi Motors. The Shoguns finishing the season with the most bonus points in the Zurich Premiership, three players in the top try scorers chart, a place at Twickenham in the final of the play-offs (the year before winning the play-offs constituted winning the English title), and also a place in the Heineken Cup for the 2002–03 season. In the close season head coach Dean Ryan moved to Gloucester, Jack Rowell resigned as Director of Rugby whilst skipper Jason Little retired. Peter Thorburn took over as coach. League results were mixed, but there were more wins than defeats including a first ever league win away at Bath. At Christmas 2002 owner Malcolm Pearce announced that he would quit at the end of the season. Rumours circulated that Bristol could be sold to Firoz Kassam and play out of Oxford, and a merger with rivals Bath had been mooted. Neither event came to pass, but Bristol were relegated at the end of the season as off-field distractions took their toll.
Before the start of the 2003–04 season Martin Haag and a week later Richard Hill joined as first team coach and head coach respectively. While the board were raising money to stabilise the club Haag and Hill implemented a 'three-year plan' to rebuild Bristol and put them back in the Premiership. They won National League One the following year and were promoted.
The club's deal with Mitsubishi expired in July 2005, and the club started 2005–06 in the Premiership as Bristol RFC. Bristol elected to play two 2006–07 games at Ashton Gate, home of football side Bristol City. The local derby against Bath and the game against Leicester were moved from the 11,750 capacity Memorial Stadium to Ashton Gate's 21,500 capacity to allow more fans the chance to watch the team. The precedent for this was established for a crucial relegation fixture against Bath in May 2003. Bristol finished third in the league, securing a Heineken Cup place for only the second time, and then reached the semi-finals of the play-offs, losing 26–14 at Leicester. Martin Haag was released as Bristol's forwards coach in June 2007 and replaced by John Brain.
Bristol could not replicate the success of the previous season and ended the 2007–08 season in 9th place. They also failed to progress from their Heineken Cup group, despite a home win against Stade Français. The following season Bristol struggled, winning only two games, and were relegated from the premiership. Richard Hill stepped down as coach in February 2009, with two months and eight games of the season remaining. Paul Hull took over as Bristol's head coach.
Following a failed attempt to immediately return to the Premiership, losing to Exeter Chiefs in the final of the play-offs, a number of first team players quit the club and financial pressures caused significant worries at the club once more. With a more modest squad of players, Bristol struggled to find winning form in the 2010–11 season finishing eighth in the championship and failing to reach the playoff finals. In 2011, following a lack of success Paul Hull in mutual agreement with club left Bristol Rugby and was replaced by academy coach Liam Middleton. In Middleton's first full season in charge Bristol finished top of the championship table but failed to progress to the play-off finals, losing to Cornish Pirates in the semi-finals. From the 2008–09 season businessman Stephen Lansdown financed Bristol Rugby, this only became public knowledge when Lansdown formalised his ownership of the club in 2012.
In the 2012–13 season Bristol missed out on the play-off finals, finishing fifth in the championship. At the end of the 2012–13 season it was announced that former Ospreys head coach Sean Holley would join Bristol Rugby as the first team coach. Andy Robinson joined Bristol Rugby as director of rugby in March 2013, at first working with head coach Liam Middleton but following a poor run of results Middleton was sacked by the club following an internal review later in March 2013.
The 2013–14 season brought a return to form with Bristol Rugby finishing top of the championship table. However, Bristol failed to secure promotion to the premiership, losing both legs of the play-off finals to London Welsh. In the close season a number of players were signed to the club in expectation of promotion for the 2014–15 season, including Samoan Internationals Anthony Perenise Jack Lam & David Lemi, Welsh internationals Matthew Morgan, Ian Evans, Ryan Jones and Dwayne Peel and Wing George Watkins return from Cardiff Blues mid season. Further signings for the 2014–15 season would feature Gareth Maule, Jack O'Connell, Darren Hudson and Gavin Henson.
Bristol Rugby moved from the Memorial Stadium to Ashton Gate Stadium, the home of Bristol City Football Club. Ashton Gate Stadium had a capacity of 21,497. In the run-in to the end of season play-off's the club signed high-profile players in Hooker Ross McMillan, Italian Centre Tommaso Benvenuti and Welsh international Gavin Henson. End of the season saw the departure of Forwards Coach Danny Wilson to Cardiff Blues. The Club again failed to earn promotion to the Premiership for the 2015–16 season losing by one point to Worcester Warriors in the Play-off Finals. At the end of the season Wales international fly half Nicky Robinson leaves the club to take up a fresh challenge in France with Oyonnax.
Much of the squad from the previous season remained with Andy Robinson bolstering his options for the new campaign by signing ex-England winger Tom Varndell. On 4 February it was announced that New Zealander Mark Bakewell would replace Borthwick. The new year saw the announcement that Matthew Morgan to further his international chances was to be leaving the club at the end of the season and joining Danny Wilson at Cardiff Blues. However, Bristol were able to clinch promotion to Aviva Premiership with a 60–47 aggregate win over Doncaster.
February 2016 saw the signing of Wales International scrum half Rhodri Williams from Scarlets for the 2016–17 season. Tusi Pisi signed for the club from Japan's Sunwolves Super Rugby franchise in March. Head coach Sean Holley resigned from his position at the club. Former Welsh Internationals Jonathan Thomas appointed first team Defence Coach & Dwayne Peel Backs and Skills Coach. Further signings include USA International Centre Thretton Palamo from Saracens and Tongan International Prop Forward Soane Tonga'uiha from French side Oyonnax.
November 2016 saw the sacking of Director of Rugby Andy Robinson due to poor results and 'lost confidence' from the board. Club stalwart and top points scorer Mark Tainton was appointed interim head coach for the remainder of the season. Further signings announced by club included Siale Piutau from Yamaha Jubio, Irish international lock forward Dan Tuohy, All Black international scrum half Alby Matthewson and Shane Geraghty from London Irish.
On New Year's Day, 2017, Varndell equalled Mark Cueto's premiership tries record of 90 tries by scoring against Sale Sharks. This followed a hat-trick in the previous week against Worcester Warriors. On 10 February Varndell became the leading try scorer in the Aviva Premiership when he scored against Harlequins at Ashton Gate.
Ultimately, Bristol finished bottom of the Premiership in their returning year, having been relegated with 2 weeks to go after a 21–36 loss against Wasps at Ashton Gate. They finished 12th with only 3 wins and 20 accumulated points, 13 behind 11th placed Worcester Warriors. Their three victories involved beating Worcester 28–20 at Ashton Gate, beating Sale 23–24 at the AJ Bell, and dramatically defeating longstanding rivals Bath Rugby 12–11 at home. Following their relegation, several notable signings moved away from the club, including Jason Woodward to Gloucester Rugby and Gavin Henson to Newport Gwent Dragons.
On 5 December 2016, it was announced that Pat Lam would become the new head coach for Bristol Rugby after leaving the Irish region Connacht ahead of the 2017–18 season. Notable signings ahead of the new season were Australian International Luke Morahan from Western Force and All Black Steven Luatua from Blues.
Bristol secured promotion in the 2017-18 RFU Championship with two games to spare on 7 April 2018 and ultimately finished top with only one defeat at the hands of Jersey Reds on 4 March 2018. Bristol finished 20 points ahead of Ealing Trailfinders and a further 15 points ahead of third placed Bedford Blues. The scrapping of the promotion playoffs that season meant that the team at the top of the table after the regular season was promoted. This greatly played into the club's hands as the playoffs have dramatically turned against them in the past; in the 2009–10, 2011–12, 2013–14 and 2014–15 seasons, Bristol finished first in the table, only to be eliminated by Exeter Chiefs, Cornish Pirates, London Welsh and Worcester Warriors respectively, three of whom secured promotion instead.
2018–2019: Return to Premiership and rebrandEdit
On 1 June 2018, Bristol Rugby was re-branded as the Bristol Bears following their return to the Premiership.
The club announced a raft of new signings including the All Blacks full back Charles Piutau from Ulster Rugby, former All Blacks Prop John Afoa from Gloucester Rugby and Hooker Harry Thacker from Leicester Tigers.
The opening match of the 2018–19 Premiership Rugby season was against fierce rivals Bath Rugby at Ashton Gate. A crowd of over 26,000 watched Bristol Bears run out 17-10 victors over their old foe. The winning try was scored by Alapati Leiua with four penalties scored by Irish International fly half Ian Madigan. Bristol finished the season in 9th place including nine victories (one over Bath, Harlequins, Northampton Saints, Gloucester and Saracens and two over Leicester Tigers and Newcastle Falcons).
In Europe, Bristol were drawn in Pool 4 of the Challenge Cup with the other teams being Stade Rochelais, Zebre and Yenisey-STM Krasnoyarsk. On 15 December 2018, Bristol recorded a surprise win over Stade Rochelais in a 3–13 at the Stade Marcel-Deflandre through a try by forward Jordan Crane and a dogged defensive display. They finished second in their group before losing 39–15 to Stade Rochelais in the quarter finals, ending their run in the tournament.
On 29 November, it was confirmed that the Bears would be signing Semi Radradra ahead of the 2020/21 season, joining on a 3-year deal from Bordeaux Bègles, creating one of the most dangerous back three in Rugby Union, alongside Charles Piutau and Luke Morahan.
Bristol signed England internationals Nathan Hughes and Dave Attwood in advance of the 2019/2020 season and also Henry Purdy from Coventry Rugby to bring a total of 15 new signings. Players released included Tusi Pisi, Jack Lam and George Smith. Bristol started their second year in the Gallagher Premiership with a home tie against Bath Rugby. This resulted in a 43-16 win for the Bears and included a try on his senior debut for Ioan Lloyd who came on as a replacement at full back.
The season continued with a loss to Harlequin F.C. away before a home win against Sale and a memorable away win at Sandy Park against the eventual champions, Exeter Chiefs. December brought a dip in form on the domestic front with a home draw with London Irish and defeats to Saracens and Wasps. In the European Challenge Cup, Bristol were drawn against Zebre, CA Brive and Stade Français. Bristol won all but one of these fixtures home and away with the only non win being the 7-7 away draw with Zebre. A return to the premiership resulted in back to back wins against Gloucester, Northampton Saints, Bath and Harlequins. However, the season was then interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic and all rugby was suspended by the RFU on 17 March 2020. The season resumed on 15 August without any spectators with a home win against . By this time, the club had been joined by the new signings of Semi Radradra, England prop Kyle Sinckler from Harlequin F.C. and the Saracens loanees of Ben Earl and Max Malins. Eventually Bristol finished third in the Premiership meaning an away semi final against Wasps. Bristol lost this 47-24 to finish with a domestic record of 14 wins, 1 draw and 7 losses. A total of 561 points were scored and 457 conceded.
In the Challenge Cup, Bristol finished top of their group and were given a home quarter final against welsh side Dragons. Bristol ran in seven tries to win 56-17. This set up a home semi final against Bordeaux Bègles which was won by the home side 37-20 after extra time. In the final they faced former European Champions, Toulon at Stade Maurice David in Aix-en-Provence. Bristol scored the fastest try in European Rugby final after just 15 second through a try from scrum half Harry Randall. A second try from Max Malins and points from the tee came from the two conversions and six penalties from the boot of Callum Sheedy to give Bristol the cup with a 32-19 win and their first ever major European title
|League||Domestic Cup||European Cup|
|1987–88||Courage League Division 1||9th||23||N/A||John Player Cup||Runners-up||No competition||N/A|
|1988–89||Courage League Division 1||7th||12||N/A||Pilkington Cup||Quarter-final|
|1989–90||Courage League Division 1||9th||8||N/A||Pilkington Cup||Quarter-final|
|1990–91||Courage League Division 1||11th||9||N/A||Pilkington Cup||4th round|
|1991–92||Courage League Division 1||10th||8||N/A||Pilkington Cup||Quarter-final|
|1992–93||Courage League Division 1||6th||12||N/A||Pilkington Cup||3rd round|
|1993–94||Courage League Division 1||4th||20||N/A||Pilkington Cup||5th round|
|1994–95||Courage League Division 1||6th||14||N/A||Pilkington Cup||5th round|
|1995–96||Courage League Division 1||6th||16||N/A||Pilkington Cup||Quarter-final||No English teams||N/A|
|1996–97||Courage League Division 1||9th||17||N/A||Pilkington Cup||5th round||Challenge Cup||5th in pool|
|1997–98||Allied Dunbar Premiership||12th (R)||4||N/A||Tetley's Bitter Cup||4th round||Challenge Cup||2nd in pool|
|C&G Cup||Not known|
|1998–99||Allied Dunbar Premiership 2||1st (P)||44||N/A||Tetley's Bitter Cup||4th round||No English teams||N/A|
|C&G Cup||2nd round|
|1999–00||Allied Dunbar Premiership||6th||34||N/A||Tetley's Bitter Cup||Semi-final||Challenge Cup||Semi-final|
|2000–01||Zurich Premiership||9th||44||N/A||Tetley's Bitter Cup||5th round||Challenge Cup||3rd in pool|
|2001–02||Zurich Premiership||8th||50||N/A||Powergen Cup||6th round||Challenge Cup||Quarter-final|
|2002–03||Zurich Premiership||12th (R)||36||-||Powergen Cup||6th round||Heineken Cup||2nd in pool|
|2003–04||National Division 1||9th||51||N/A||Powergen Cup||6th round||Not qualified||N/A|
|2004–05||National Division 1||1st (P)||105||N/A||Powergen Cup||Quarter-final||Not qualified||N/A|
|2005–06||Guinness Premiership||11th||41||-||Powergen Cup||4th in pool||Challenge Cup||3rd in pool|
|2006–07||Guinness Premiership||3rd||64||Semi-final||EDF Energy Cup||3rd in pool||Challenge Cup||Quarter-final|
|2007–08||Guinness Premiership||9th||37||-||EDF Energy Cup||3rd in pool||Heineken Cup||3rd in pool|
|2008–09||Guinness Premiership||12th (R)||17||-||EDF Energy Cup||4th in pool||Challenge Cup||2nd in pool|
|2009–10||RFU Championship||1st||92||Runners-up||British and Irish Cup||2nd in pool||Not qualified||N/A|
|2010–11||RFU Championship||8th||41||-||British and Irish Cup||Champions||Not qualified||N/A|
|2011–12||RFU Championship||1st||81||Semi-final||British and Irish Cup||4th in pool||Not qualified||N/A|
|2012–13||RFU Championship||5th||65||-||British and Irish Cup||Quarter-final||Not qualified||N/A|
|2013–14||RFU Championship||1st||96||Runners-up||British and Irish Cup||Semi-final||Not qualified||N/A|
|2014–15||RFU Championship||1st||103||Runners-up||British and Irish Cup||Semi-final||Not qualified||N/A|
|2015–16||RFU Championship||1st (P)||95||Champions||British and Irish Cup||2nd in pool||Not qualified||N/A|
|2016–17||Aviva Premiership||12th (R)||20||-||Anglo-Welsh Cup||3rd in pool||Challenge Cup||3rd in pool|
|2017–18||RFU Championship||1st (P)||103||-||British and Irish Cup||3rd in pool||Not qualified||N/A|
|2018–19||Gallagher Premiership||9th||51||-||Premiership Cup||2nd in pool||Challenge Cup||Quarter-final|
|2019–20||Gallagher Premiership||3rd||69||Semi-final||Premiership Cup||2nd in pool||Challenge Cup||Champions|
|2020–21||Gallagher Premiership||1st||85||Semi-final||no competition||n/a||Champions Cup||Round of 16|
|2021-22||Gallagher Premiership||10th||48||—||Premiership Cup||4th in pool||Champions Cup||Round of 16|
Gold background denotes champions
Silver background denotes runners-up
Pink background denotes relegated
- European Challenge Cup
- Champions: (1) 2019–20
- RFU Championship
- Anglo–Welsh Cup
- British and Irish Cup
- Champions: (1) 2010–11
- EDF Energy Trophy
- Champions: (1) 2003–04
- Anglo-Welsh Merit Table Winners
- Champions: (3) 1965–66, 1971–72, 1973–74
- RFU South West Merit Table Winners
- Champions: (3) 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82
Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WR eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality.
The Bristol Bears Academy squad is:
Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WR eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality.
- Owner – Stephen Lansdown
- Chief Operations Officer – Mark Tainton
- Chairman – Chris Booy
- Financial Controller – Richard Smith
- Rugby Administrator – Sarah Gorvett
- Head of Communications – Tom Tainton
- Team Manager – Nick Fenton-Wells
First team coaching
- Director of rugby – Pat Lam
- Assistant coach – Conor McPhillips
- Scrum coach – Alasdair Dickinson
- Defence coach & Collision Coach- Omar Mouneimne
- Forwards coach - John Muldoon
- Skills & kicking coach – Sean Marsden
- Academy transition coach – Danny Grewcock
- Academy transition coach – Jordan Crane
- Head of performance – Paul Bunce
- Senior academy manager – Gethin Watts
- Junior academy manager – Gary Townsend
Head coaches/directors of rugbyEdit
|1986 - 1989||Bob Hesford||
|1989 - 1990||Colin McFadyean||Pilkington Cup Quarter Finalists 1990|
|1990–1992||Rob Cunningham||Pilkington Cup Quarter Finalists 1992|
|1996–1998||Darryl Jones||Pilkington Cup Quarter Finalists 1996|
|2000–2002||Dean Ryan||Zurich Premiership Finalists 2002|
|2008–2011||Paul Hull||British and Irish Cup champions 2011|
|2011–2013||Liam Middleton||British and Irish Cup Quarter Finalists 2013|
Notable and former playersEdit
Notable players to have played for the club include:
- Dan Tuohy Ireland international rugby union
- Tom Richards, who played for both the British Isles and Australia
- Sam Tucker
- John Blake
- John Pullin, England captain who played for the British Lions team that beat New Zealand in 1971.
- Alan Morley
- Agustín Pichot
- Felipe Contepomi
- Jason Little, double World Cup winner with Australia
- Henry Honiball
- Peter Stiff
- Gareth Llewellyn, who until 2007 was the most-capped player for Wales
- Ryan Jones
- Mark Regan, World Cup winner with England in 2003
- Dwayne Peel
- Gavin Henson
- David Lemi, 5th most caps for Samoa
- Jack Lam, captained Samoa at 2019 Rugby World Cup
- Matthew Morgan
- Tusi Pisi, most international points scored for Samoa
- George Smith, 111 caps for Australia
- Rhodri Williams
- Jordan Williams
- Alby Mathewson, former All Black scrum half
- Soane Tongaʻuiha
- Anthony Perenise
- Tommaso Benvenuti, Italian International
- Tom Varndell, Premiership All-time Top Try Scorer
There are several former Bristol Rugby players currently playing at other top flight clubs:
- Callum Braley - Gloucester
- Jamal Ford-Robinson - Gloucester
- Jason Woodward - Gloucester
- Max Crumpton - Harlequins
- Ben Glynn - Harlequins
- Ellis Genge - Leicester Tigers & England
- Gaston Cortes - Leicester Tigers
- Tom Arscott - Newcastle Falcons
- Darren Barry - Newcastle Falcons
- Will Davis - Northampton
- Mitch Eadie - Northampton
- Mako Vunipola - Saracens, England & B&I Lions
- Will Cliff - Sale Sharks
- James Phillips - Sale Sharks
- Marc Jones - Sale Sharks
- Billy Searle - Wasps
- Alafoti Fa'osiliva - Worcester
- Marco Mama - Worcester
- Auguy Slowik - Worcester
- Nick Haining - Edinburgh
- Rhodri Williams - Newport Dragons
- Jordan Williams - Newport Dragons
- Matthew Morgan - Cardiff Blues
- Olly Robinson - Cardiff Blues
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- "Conor McPhillips". Bristol Sport. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- "Paul Bunce". Bristol Sport. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- "Gary Townsend". Bristol Sport. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- Hewett, Chris (8 April 2003). "Tyler's early passing leaves huge void in world of rugby". Independent. Retrieved 2 October 2017.