The Brisbane Cricket Ground, commonly known as the Gabba, is a major sports stadium in Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, Australia. The nickname Gabba derives from the suburb of Woolloongabba, in which it is located. Over the years, the Gabba has hosted athletics, Australian rules football, baseball, concerts, cricket, cycling, rugby league, rugby union, soccer and pony and greyhound races. At present, it serves as the home ground for the Queensland Bulls in domestic cricket, the Brisbane Heat of the Big Bash League and Women's Big Bash League, and the Brisbane Lions of the Australian Football League.
|Location||Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia|
36,000 (international cricket)
Brisbane Lions (AFL)
Brisbane Heat (BBL)
|Stanley Street End|
Vulture Street End
|First Test||27 November – 3 December 1931:|
Australia v South Africa
|Last Test||21–24 November 2019:|
Australia v Pakistan
|First ODI||23 December 1979:|
England v West Indies
|Last ODI||19 January 2018:|
Australia v England
|First T20I||9 January 2006:|
Australia v South Africa
|Last T20I||30 October 2019:|
Australia v Sri Lanka
|As of 24 November 2019|
Source: ESPN Cricinfo
Between 1993 and 2005, the Gabba was redeveloped in six stages at a cost of A$128,000,000. The dimensions of the playing field are now 170.6 metres (east-west) by 149.9 metres (north-south), to accommodate the playing of Australian rules football at elite level. The seating capacity of the ground was 42,000 in 2010, which has been reduced in recent times due to new electronic scoreboards and corporate facilities. For international cricket matches, the capacity is reduced to 36,000 due to new scoreboards and the addition of a pool deck, as well as wider sight screens. For AFL matches the capacity is slightly larger at 41,974.
The land on which the ground sits was set aside for use as a cricket ground in 1895 and the first match was held on the site on 19 December 1896, between Parliament and The Press. Prior to this, cricket was played at a ground in the area then known as Green Hills (beside Countess Street Petrie Terrace opposite the Victoria Barracks – now occupied by the Northern Busway), since at least the early 1860s.
The Gabba shared first-class cricket matches with the Exhibition Ground until 1931. The first Sheffield Shield match at the Gabba was scheduled to be played between 31 January 1931 and 4 February 1931, but it was washed out without a ball being bowled. The first Test match at the Gabba was played between Australia and South Africa between 27 November and 3 December 1931.
Between 1993 and 2005 the Gabba was slowly transformed into a all seater stadium at a total cost of $AU128 million. As of June 2020 the Gabba is receiving a $35 million refurbishment with upgrades to media and corporate facilities, entrances and public amenities with completion due in September 2020.
Sports played at the groundEdit
The First Test between Australia and England is played nowadays at Brisbane. Nobody seems to know why, and all sorts of arguments are ventilated for and against more cricket Tests on the Woolloongabba ground. I am all in favour of robbing Queensland of its greatest cricketing occasion, for the ground depresses. It is not a cricket ground at all. It is a concentration camp! Wire fences abound. Spectators are herded and sorted out into lots as though for all the world this was a slave market and not a game of cricket. The stands are of wood and filthy to sit on. The dining rooms are barns, without a touch of colour or a picture on the wall. Everywhere there is dust and dirt...Forgive me if I am bitter about the Woolloongabba ground...the city has many good points, and the people who live there are generous and hospitable to the highest degree, but once one goes to the cricket ground the advantages are overwhelmingly lost in the mass of rules and regulations... – John Kay, 1950–51 Ashes series
The Gabba is used from October to March for cricket and is home to the Queensland Cricket Association, the Queensland Cricketers Club and the Queensland Bulls cricket team. The venue usually hosts the first Test match of the season each November in addition to a number of international one-day matches usually held in January. The pitch is usually fast and bouncy.
The Gabba's amenities were greatly improved in the 1980s from a very basic standard, especially in comparison with the other Australian cricket grounds. Test cricket was first played at the ground in November 1931, the first Test of the series between Australia and South Africa. In December 1960, Test cricket's first-ever Tied Test took place at the ground when Richie Benaud's Australian team tied with Frank Worrell's West Indian side. Queensland clinched its first-ever Sheffield Shield title with victory over South Australia in the final at the ground in March 1995.
For the first day of the first Test of the 2010–11 Ashes series between Australia and England, the Gabba was almost sold out. Australia's Michael Clarke holds the record for number of runs scored in one Test innings at the Gabba with 259 not out, breaking the previous record set by Alastair Cook.
Australia has a formidable test match record at the ground. In the 55 matches played at the ground, Australia has won 33, drawn 13, tied 1 and lost 8. Australia has also not lost at the Gabba in 28 matches, a record dating back to 1988. England have a notoriously poor record at The Gabba, and have only won two test matches at the ground since the end of the Second World War. Many of their defeats have been heavy and only seven England players have scored centuries at the ground.
Australian rules footballEdit
The Gabba was the home ground for the Brisbane Bears from 1993 to 1996 and since 1997 has been the home of the Brisbane Lions AFL team. The record crowd for an Australian rules football match is 37,473 between the Brisbane Lions and Richmond in the 2019 second qualifying final.
Australian football has a long association with the ground. The Queensland Football League, a precursor to AFL Queensland played matches at the Gabba from 1905 to 1914, 1959 to 1971, and in the late 1970s and early 1980s. AFLQ matches resumed in 1993 as curtain-raiser events to AFL games, along with occasional AFLQ Grand Finals.
Interstate games, including the 1961 national carnival have also been played there, as was a demonstration game during the 1982 Commonwealth Games. In 1991 the Gabba was host to Queensland's only victory over a Victorian side.
In the early 1900s, the Gabba hosted numerous matches between Australia and various touring nations. During the 1950s and 1960s the Gabba hosted soccer matches for English first division and Scottish clubs including Blackpool FC, Everton FC, Manchester United and Heart of Midlothian. The Chinese and South African national teams also played at the ground. During the 2000 Summer Olympics, the Gabba hosted association football group games.
On 8 May 1909 the first match of rugby league was played in Brisbane at the Gabba. Norths played against Souths before a handful of spectators at the ground. The Gabba hosted its first rugby league Test match on 26 June 1909, when Australia defeated New Zealand Māori 16–13. The Kangaroos continued to play Tests at this venue until 1956, and a ground record crowd of 47,800 people saw Australia play Great Britain in 1954. From 1932 to 1959 the Gabba was also used to host interstate matches and International Rugby League Finals from 1909 – 2003.
Rugby league test matchesEdit
The Gabba hosted 11 rugby league test matches between 1912 and 1956.
|Date||Home team||Opponents||Result||Attendance||Part of|
|14 August 1909||Australia||Māori||16–13||8,000||1909 Māori tour|
|6 July 1912||Australia||New Zealand||13–10||8,000||1912 Trans-Tasman Test series|
|18 June 1932||Australia||The Lions||15–6||15,944||1932 Ashes series|
|4 July 1936||Australia||The Lions||7–12||29,486||1936 Ashes series|
|12 June 1948||Australia||New Zealand||13–4||23,014||1948 Trans-Tasman Test series|
|1 July 1950||Australia||Great Britain||15–3||35,000||1950 Ashes series|
|30 June 1951||Australia||France||23–11||35,000||1951 French rugby league tour of Australia and New Zealand|
|28 June 1952||Australia||New Zealand||29–45||29,243||1952 Trans-Tasman Test series|
|9 July 1954||Australia||Great Britain||21–38||46,355||1954 Ashes series (All time Gabba attendance record)|
|2 July 1955||Australia||France||28–29||45,745||1955 French rugby league tour of Australia and New Zealand|
|23 June 1956||Australia||New Zealand||8–2||28,361||1956 Trans-Tasman Test series|
The Gabba has hosted six rugby union Test matches.
|1907||Australia||5-14||New Zealand||not known|
|1914||Australia||0-17||New Zealand||not known|
|1950||Australia||6-19||British and Irish Lions||not known|
|1951||Australia||6-16||New Zealand||not known|
|2001||Australia||13-29||British and Irish Lions||37,460|
2000 Olympic GamesEdit
|Date||Time (AEST)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Attendance|
|13 September 2000||19:00||Cameroon||3–2||Kuwait||Group C||26,730|
|14 September 2000||19:00||Brazil||3–1||Slovakia||Group D||24,616|
|16 September 2000||19:00||Czech Republic||2–3||Kuwait||Group C||22,182|
|17 September 2000||19:00||Brazil||1–3||South Africa||Group D||36,326|
|19 September 2000||19:00||Czech Republic||1–1||Cameroon||Group C||23,442|
|20 September 2000||19:00||Brazil||1–0||Japan||Group D||36,608|
|23 September 2000||19:00||Brazil||1–2 (a.e.t.)||Cameroon||Quarter final 2||37,332|
Greyhound racing was also conducted at the Gabba prior to the redevelopment.
Largest crowds at the GabbaEdit
|Concerts||4-5 March 2017||65,000||Adele Live 2017|
|Rugby League||9 July 1954||46,355||Ashes Test Match: Australia vs England|
|International Cricket||15 January 2006||38,874||2006 KFC T20I: Australia vs South Africa|
|Australian Football||7 September 2019||37,478||2019 AFL Qualifying Final: Brisbane Lions vs Richmond|
|Rugby Union||30 June 2001||37,460||2001 British and Irish Lions tour to Australia: British and Irish Lions vs Australia|
|Association Football||23 September 2000||37,332||2000 Olympic Football (men's) Brazil vs Cameroon|
|Domestic Cricket (Big Bash League)||5 January 2018||35,564||2017–18 BBL Season: Brisbane Heat vs Perth Scorchers|
- Most games played: Simon Black (Brisbane Lions), 170
- Most goals kicked: Jonathan Brown (Brisbane Lions), 323
- Most goals kicked in a match: Billy Brownless (Geelong), 11.4 (70) vs. Brisbane Bears, 14 April 1991
- Most disposals in a match: Tom Rockliff (Brisbane Lions), 47 vs. Gold Coast, 26 July 2014
- Highest score: Brisbane Bears 33.21 (219) defeated Sydney 8.9 (57), 16 May 1993
- Lowest score: Brisbane Bears 5.8 (38) defeated by Carlton 9.8 (62), 15 June 1996, Brisbane Lions 5.8 (38) defeated by North Melbourne 16.14 (110), 25 July 2015
- Biggest margin: Brisbane Bears defeated Sydney, 162 points, 16 May 1993
- Longest winning streak: Brisbane Lions, 18 games, 2001–2002
Last updated: 19 May 2015.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brisbane Cricket Ground.|
- Official website
- Brisbane Cricket Ground – Queensland Government Legislation Act, 1993 (.pdf file)
- Brisbane Cricket Ground – Statistical Overview (Test Cricket) – HowSTAT! Grounds Statistics
- "Brisbane Cricket Ground Redevelopment, Brisbane, QLD". Archived from the original on 20 September 2006.
- The Gabba at Austadiums
- "Woolloongabba Busway Station map – includes showing some of the surrounding area" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2006.
- Satellite photo of the Gabba
- Brisbane Lions
- World Stadiums