Brighton Pavilion (UK Parliament constituency)
Brighton Pavilion is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 2] since 2010 by Caroline Lucas of the Green Party; who on being elected, became the first MP for that party in the United Kingdom.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Brighton Pavilion in East Sussex.
Location of East Sussex within England.
|Population||103,593 (2011 UK Census)|
|Electorate||77,430 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Caroline Lucas (Green)|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
1950–1983: The County Borough of Brighton wards of Hollingbury, Montpelier, Patcham, Pavilion, Preston, Preston Park, Regency, St Nicholas, St Peter's, and West.
1983–1997: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.
1997–2010: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hanover, Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.
2010–present: The City of Brighton and Hove wards of Hanover and Elm Grove, Hollingdean and Stanmer (called Hollingbury and Stanmer before 2011), Patcham, Preston Park, Regency, St Peter's and North Laine, and Withdean.
Constituency history and profileEdit
The constituency was created in 1950 from the former two-member constituency of Brighton (one of the last remaining multi-member constituencies), for which Brighton Pavilion's first Member of Parliament, Sir William Teeling, had previously been the joint representative.
The present name is derived from the Royal Pavilion.[n 3] On current boundaries, the pavilion itself is right on the South-Eastern border of the seat – the opposite side of the road is Brighton Kemptown which includes the Gay Village of St James Street, Brighton Pier and the beach eastwards. Brighton Pavilion encompasses the heart of the city, including the Georgian and Regency alleyway properties of The Lanes and the Bohemian North Laine shopping area. The developed centre of the promenade above the central pebbled beach has major entertainment venues and the city's largest hotels including the Grand Hotel and Hilton Brighton Metropole. It is a relatively affluent constituency, since average income is higher than the UK average (based upon 2001 statistics) and the unemployment rate is lower than average.
From 1950–1997 the seat elected Conservative MPs. In 1997, David Lepper of the Labour Party[n 4] began service as MP for thirteen years by winning the two subsequent elections. The Conservatives' share of the vote has declined at every election there since 1979.
In July 2007, the Green Party selected Caroline Lucas to contest the seat, at which point she was neither Leader nor Principal Speaker for the party. In November 2009, Charlotte Vere was selected as the Conservative Party candidate at an open primary attended by local Conservative Party members and residents. In January 2010, the Liberal Democrats also selected a female candidate, Bernadette Millam. Labour had selected Nancy Platts, a local campaigner and former union worker, as their candidate in June 2007. This meant that, distinctively, all of the four leading parties in the constituency had female candidates. In 2010, Labour's share of the vote fell by 6.5%, and Lucas, by then leading the Green Party, won the seat. In contrast to national results, the Conservative and Liberal Democrat share of the vote fell.
Lucas retained the seat for the Green Party at the 2015 general election with an increased majority. Purna Sen, who held senior roles at the Commonwealth, LSE and Amnesty International, was selected to contest the seat for Labour. Clarence Mitchell, a former BBC News reporter and spokesman for the family of Madeleine McCann, was selected as the Conservative Party candidate.
On 26 April 2017, it was announced that the local Liberal Democrat party had chosen to not field a candidate in the seat during the upcoming snap election, endorsing Caroline Lucas instead due to their shared pro-EU stance. This occurred on the same night as the local Green Party stood aside in Brighton Kemptown in order to ensure the seat was not won by the Conservatives due to a split vote between progressive parties. Caroline Lucas retained Brighton Pavilion for the Greens at the 2017 general election, being returned with the biggest numerical majority for any candidate in the seat since 1959.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1969 by-election||Julian Amery|
|1997||David Lepper||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Bowers||1,525||2.8||−11.0|
|Socialist (GB)||Howard Pilott||88||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Berni Millam||7,159||13.8||−2.7|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Fyvie||148||0.3||−0.0|
|Citizens for Undead Rights and Equality||Soraya Kara||61||0.1||N/A|
|Green gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+8.4|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||15,427||35.4||−13.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Hazel Thorpe||7,171||16.5||+3.4|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Tony Greenstein||188||0.4||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Fyvie||152||0.3||−1.1|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−6.0|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||19,846||48.7||−5.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Ruth Berry||5,348||13.1||+3.6|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Fyvie||573||1.4||N/A|
|Free Party||Bob Dobbs||409||1.0||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Marie Paragallo||177||0.4||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||26,737||54.6||+16.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Kenneth Blanshard||4,644||9.5||−3.2|
|Ind. Conservative||Richard Huggett||1,098||2.2||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Alan Card||59||0.1||N/A|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||15.4|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||16,955||38.3||+8.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Pearce||5,606||12.7||-6.8|
|Natural Law||Eileen Turner||103||0.2||+0.2|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Labour||David Stanley Hill||12,914||29.7||+5.8|
|Social Democratic||Kevin Carey||8,459||19.5||−5.1|
|Social Democratic||Michael Neves||10,191||24.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||H Jones||436||1.1||N/A|
|Labour||G W Humphrey||11,624||29.6||+3.6|
|Independent||George E Thomas||1,205||3.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||Nesta Wyn Ellis||2,711||10.8||+10.8|
|Liberal||David Randall Sinnatt||7,362||18.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Reginald G White||11,998||30.0||-2.0|
|Labour||Elisabeth R. Littlejohn||13,410||31.5||+3.5|
|Liberal||John Stewart Choate||4,555||10.5||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Silhouette used as the Council's symbol see Brighton and Hove website
- Aided by somewhat notionally favourable minor boundary changes before the 1997 general election to the Labour Party
- "Brighton, Pavilion: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Check Browser Settings". statistics.gov.uk.
- Greens Pick MEP Lucas to Run for MP, Brighton Argus
- Charlotte Vere picked in "open primary", Brighton Argus, 18 November 2009
- "Another woman lines up to contest Brighton Pavilion". Brighton and Hove News. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Nancy Platts – Labour's candidate for Brighton Pavilion". Brighton & Hove Labour Party. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- One Brighton shining moment as Lucas makes Green history, The Independent, 8 May 2010
- "Election countdown: 93 weeks to go". BBC News. BBC. 27 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- "LibDems opt not to Oppose Caroline Lucas in Brighton Pavilion to Support Opposition to Hard Brexit".
- Lucas, Caroline (27 April 2017). "In Brighton we're working together to oust the Tories. Corbyn and Farron take heed". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Brighton Pavilion 1950–". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Brighton and Hove City Council. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election results for Brighton Pavilion". city council web site. Brighton & Hove Council. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Election 2010 – Brighton Pavilion BBC News
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election results for Brighton Pavilion". Brighton & Hove City Council. 5 May 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1970. The Times. 1970.
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1964. The Times. 1964.
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1959. The Times. 1959.
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1951. The Times. 1951.
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 – 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 – 2005 (Guardian)
- Election results, 1951 – 2001 (Keele University)
- By-election result, 1969 (Geocities)
- F. W. S. Craig. British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973. (ISBN 0-900178-07-8)
- nomis Constituency Profile for Brighton, Pavilion — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.