Bridget McKenzie

Bridget McKenzie (born 27 December 1969) is an Australian politician. She is a member of the National Party and has been a Senator for Victoria since 2011. She has held ministerial office in the Turnbull and Morrison Governments, also serving as the party's Senate leader since 2019.

Bridget McKenzie
Bridget McKenzie 2014-01.jpg
Minister for Emergency Management and National Recovery and Resilience
Assumed office
2 July 2021
Prime MinisterScott Morrison
Preceded byDavid Littleproud
Minister for Regionalisation, Regional Communications and Regional Education
Assumed office
2 July 2021
Prime MinisterScott Morrison
Preceded byMark Coulton
Deputy Leader of the National Party
In office
7 December 2017 – 2 February 2020
LeaderBarnaby Joyce
Michael McCormack
Preceded byFiona Nash
Succeeded byDavid Littleproud
Minister for Agriculture
In office
29 May 2019 – 2 February 2020
Prime MinisterScott Morrison
Preceded byDavid Littleproud
Succeeded byDavid Littleproud
Minister for Regional Services, Decentralisation and Local Government
In office
28 August 2018 – 29 May 2019
Prime MinisterScott Morrison
MinisterMichael McCormack
Preceded byJohn McVeigh
Succeeded byMark Coulton
Minister for Sports
In office
20 December 2017 – 29 May 2019
Prime MinisterMalcolm Turnbull
Scott Morrison
Preceded byGreg Hunt
Succeeded byRichard Colbeck
Minister for Rural Health
Minister for Regional Communications
In office
20 December 2017 – 28 August 2018
Prime MinisterMalcolm Turnbull
Scott Morrison
Preceded byFiona Nash
Succeeded by(abolished)
Senator for Victoria
Assumed office
1 July 2011
Preceded byJulian McGauran
Personal details
Bridget McKenzie

(1969-12-27) 27 December 1969 (age 52)
Alexandra, Victoria, Australia
Political partyThe Nationals
Alma materDeakin University

McKenzie grew up in Benalla, Victoria, and worked as a schoolteacher and university lecturer before entering politics. She was elected to the Senate at the 2010 federal election and served as a whip from 2011 to 2013. McKenzie replaced Fiona Nash as deputy leader of the Nationals during the 2017 parliamentary eligibility crisis, and as a result was elevated to cabinet. She served variously as Minister for Rural Health (2017–2018), Sport (2017–2018), Regional Communications (2017–2018), Regional Services, Local Government and Decentralisation (2018–2019), and Agriculture (2019–2020). McKenzie resigned from cabinet and as deputy leader in 2020 as a result of a scandal surrounding the administration of community sporting grants. She was reappointed to cabinet in 2021 following a Nationals leadership spill as Minister for Emergency Management and National Recovery and Resilience and Minister for Regionalisation, Regional Communications and Regional Education.

Early lifeEdit

McKenzie was born in Alexandra, Victoria. She grew up in Benalla, where her mother was a primary school teacher and her father was a dairyman. She attended Tintern Grammar, where she was a house captain and swimming captain. After starting a family, McKenzie began studying at Deakin University as a mature-age student, completing a double degree in applied science (specialising in human movement) and teaching (specialising in mathematics). She served as the president of the Deakin University Student Association in 2003.[1] McKenzie subsequently taught physical education and mathematics for several years at Yarram Secondary College, Gippsland. She later lectured in education at Monash University.[2]


McKenzie in November 2014

McKenzie joined the National Party at the age of 18, and was a junior vice-president of the Victorian branch from 2006 to 2009. She first stood for parliament at the 2004 federal election, unsuccessfully standing for the House of Representatives in the Division of McMillan.[3] At the 2010 election, McKenzie was elected to the Senate in the third place on a joint Coalition ticket. Her term began on 1 July 2011.[4]

McKenzie was her party's Senate whip from September 2013 to June 2014. She was elected deputy leader to Barnaby Joyce in December 2017, replacing Fiona Nash after her disqualification from parliament due to dual citizenship.[5] Under the terms of the Coalition Agreement with the Liberals, McKenzie was elevated to cabinet as Minister for Sport, Minister for Rural Health, and Minister for Regional Communications.[6]

When Scott Morrison became prime minister in August 2018, McKenzie was appointed Minister for Regional Services, Decentralisation and Local Government. She also retained the sport portfolio.[2] After the Coalition retained office at the 2019 election, she was appointed Minister for Agriculture, the first woman to hold the position.[7]

McKenzie is a shooting enthusiast, and is chair of the Parliamentary Friends of Shooting.[8] She is opposed to same-sex marriage, and publicly campaigned for the "No" vote in the Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey.[9] McKenzie's gay younger brother confronted her on her views in a letter to the Bendigo Advertiser and on the panel discussion program Q&A.[10][11]

Minister for AgricultureEdit

As Agriculture Minister McKenzie was instrumental in protecting Australia’s pork industry from African Swine Fever. On 11 December 2019 McKenzie announced $66.6 million [12][13][14] to boost Australia’s defences against the virus which has a high mortality rates in domestic pigs. Australia’s ASF Response Package saw 130 more frontline biosecurity officers deployed from January 2020 to do half a million more passenger screenings a year; Six new detector dogs deployed at airports and mail centres and two new 3D x-ray machines at Melbourne and Sydney mail centres. Biosecurity officers were given a new capability to issue infringement notices on the spot at airports.[15]

On 12 September 2019 the Australian Senate passed the Criminal Code Amendment (Agricultural Protection) Bill 2019 which introduced new offences for the incitement of trespass, property damage, or theft on agricultural land. McKenzie said the Bill sent a clear message that animal activists who use the personal information of farmers to incite trespass risked jail.[16][17] “Australians expect the farmers who feed and clothe us – and many millions around the world – should not be harassed, or worse, as they go about their work. The time has come for activists to understand that you can’t just descend on someone’s place of work and home, interfere with their business and steal their animals—and think that you can get away with it. When protests become acts of trespass and theft, you’re not a protestor, you’re a criminal and deserve to be punished."[18] Australia’s peak agricultural body the National Farmers Federation welcomed the new laws[19] and said the Bill sent a clear signal to anti-farming activists that the invasion of farms and harassment of farmers, their families and workers, running lawful businesses, would not be tolerated.[20]

In December 2019 McKenzie announced Australia’s first national Mandatory Dairy Industry Code of Conduct. A Mandatory Dairy Code was a key recommendation of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission’s 2018 Dairy Inquiry[21] and its introduction was welcomed by the ACCC[22] and greeted with almost universal approval from farmer bodies.[23] Among provisions the code unveiled by Minister McKenzie included were that: All parties must deal with each other fairly and in good faith; Bans retrospective step-downs; Stops processors from making unilateral changes to agreements; Bans processors from withholding loyalty payments to farmers if a farmer switches processors; and Introduces a dispute resolution process for matters arising under or in connection with agreements.[24]

Regional DealEdit

During a historic address to the Australian National Press Club[25] on 20 March 2019 broadcast from her home town of Wodonga when the Minister for Regional Services, Sport, Local Government and Decentralisation, McKenzie announced a pilot Regional Deal[26] for Albury Wodonga.

It was the first cross-border deal, involving state and local governments from NSW and Victoria, ever made and aimed to harmonise some of the regulatory barriers faced by these two cities to drive more growth and productivity locally.[27]

The federal, NSW and Victorian governments and Albury and Wodonga councils agreed to sign the statement of intent on 6 July 2020.[28]

Hers was the first time the nationally broadcast address was hosted outside a capital city, and McKenzie used the occasion to focus on the opportunity regional Australia offered for national economic growth,[29] saying regional Australia was a place of opportunity with unlimited potential.[29]

Sports rorts affairEdit

In January 2020, McKenzie was widely accused of pork-barrelling[30][31][32][33] after the release of a report by the Commonwealth auditor-general which found that a $100 million sports grant program she oversaw in the lead-up to the 2019 Australian federal election was administered in a way that "was not informed by an appropriate assessment process and sound advice". The auditor-general's report noted that it was not clear what the legal authority for the particular allocation of grants was.[34]

In a submission to a Senate Select Committee on Administration of Sports Grants,[35] McKenzie stood by her Ministerial discretion which "saw grants distributed more evenly by state, region, sport, organisation type and funding stream than if the recommendations of Sport Australia or the methodology seemingly favoured by the Auditor-General were adopted".[36] McKenzie's submission further confirmed Ministerial discretion saw 27 per cent more success in ‘marginal’ and ‘targeted’ seats but 39 per cent more success in all the other electorates.

A disproportionately high percentage of funds were allocated to sporting clubs in marginal Coalition electorates. One Adelaide rugby union club was awarded a $500,000 grant under the scheme for new female change rooms, despite not fielding a women's team since 2018 when it was embroiled in a sexism controversy. The club, located in the marginal Coalition-held seat of Sturt, was awarded the scheme's maximum available grant just weeks before the election.[37] A football club in the marginally held Coalition seat of Brisbane was given $150,000 for a project that had already been funded.[38] More than $1 million in grants were allocated to sports clubs with links to clubs Coalition MPs as members or patrons: three linked to Indigenous affairs minister Ken Wyatt, one tied to treasurer and deputy Liberal leader Josh Frydenberg, and two associated with senator Sarah Henderson.[39] Nationals leader Michael McCormack's son's football club in the NSW Riverina also received a $147,000 grant under the program. In some cases, the funds were presented as oversized novelty cheques by the Liberal candidate for the seat in question, rather than by the sitting member.[40]

Item 38 of McKenzie's submission showed the Auditor-General’s process for funding according to rank would have seen 30 Coalition electorates receive nearly half of all funding and 22 electorates, including 14 Labor-held electorates, would have received no money, while item 46 showed Sport Australia’s recommendations would have seen 30 electorates receive no grants. Ministerial discretion reduced this to five electorates and three of them had no applications submitted.

Calls for resignationEdit

The Opposition called for McKenzie to resign from the federal ministry because of the bias in the funding allocated. She maintained that "no project that received funding was not eligible to receive it" and that "no rules were broken in this program".[41] The Leader of the Opposition Anthony Albanese stated that what McKenzie had done "fails every test" and she must be sacked.[42]

In 1993, Ros Kelly, the Labor Sports Minister in the Keating government resigned under almost identical circumstances in what came to be known as the Sports Rorts affair.

More than 70 per cent of Australian Financial Review readers said that McKenzie should resign over the scandal.[43]

Government responseEdit

The government steadfastly supported McKenzie throughout the scandal. Prime Minister Scott Morrison,[44] Michael McCormack,[45] Peter Dutton[46][47][48][49] and other high-profile Coalition ministers repeatedly spoke out in her defence.[50]

Following the revelation that McKenzie awarded a $36,000 grant to a regional Victorian shooting club without declaring that she was a member, on 22 January 2020 Morrison referred the matter to the Commonwealth Auditor-General and the Secretary of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet for advice in relation to the conduct of ministerial standards.[51] On 29 January, Morrison attempted to distance himself from the scandal after being asked questions at a National Press Club meeting. Morrison was asked why his office had approved an extra $42.5 million for the sports grants scheme in March 2019, but did not explain.[52]

The report by the Secretary of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet determined that McKenzie had breached the ministerial code of conduct and, on 2 February, she tendered her resignation as Minister for Agriculture and Deputy Leader of her party.[53][54] She remained as leader of the Nationals in the Senate, along with Matt Canavan as deputy, as the other 3 Nationals senators were first-termers.[55][56]

Return to CabinetEdit

Following a Nationals leadership spill in July 2021, in which Barnaby Joyce replaced Michael McCormack as party leader and Deputy Prime Minister, McKenzie was returned to Cabinet, and appointed as Minister for Emergency Management and National Recovery and Resilience and Minister for Regionalisation, Regional Communications and Regional Education.[57]

Other controversiesEdit

In 2017, McKenzie was accused of using parliamentary travel entitlements for personal benefit, in a weekend trip to the Gold Coast in September 2014.[58] Also questioned was a February 2017 trip to Sydney to speak at a Shooting Australia awards ceremony, which was claimed as "electorate business"; media reports suggested that it did not fall under the usual category of parliamentary business, and the city of Sydney is not located in the state of Victoria which Bridget represents.[59]

McKenzie's electorate office was in the regional city of Bendigo, and she was described in media headlines[by whom?] as "Bendigo-based" on a number of occasions.[60][61] In 2018, after maintaining the office in Bendigo as "a National Party campaign office" for some months following her ascension to Cabinet, McKenzie relocated her electorate office to Wodonga, some 250 km away in the federal electorate of Indi, which led to media rumours she would contest the seat,[62] at the 2019 federal election. Although the move rankled Indi-based Liberal Party members, McKenzie had planned to relocate to North East Victoria for many years and was waiting for Department of Finance approval.[63] McKenzie is the only Victorian Senator based outside Melbourne and the Electorate office relocation also incorporated the inclusion of a Ministerial office.[64] The move cost taxpayers more than $500,000.[65] In 2016 it was noted that her primary residence was a flat in the inner-Melbourne suburb of Elwood, and she stayed in hotels when she visited Bendigo.[66]

Personal lifeEdit

McKenzie has four children from her marriage to Tim Edwards, a former police officer, now a massage therapist in Ballarat, which ended in divorce [67] She was subsequently in a long-distance relationship with David Bennett, a member of the New Zealand Parliament. Both were members of their respective countries' National Parties.[68][69] In January 2021, it was reported that McKenzie was in a relationship with Simon Benson, the national affairs editor for News Corp Australia.[70]

In 2020, McKenzie published a biography of Country Party leader John McEwen through Connor Court Publishing. It was launched by journalist Paul Kelly, who described it as "highly readable",[71] while historian Ross Fitzgerald reviewed it as "a helpful reintroduction to John McEwen", but "somewhat of a hagiography" and less complete than a previous full-length biography.[72]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "A Degree of Rivalry", Sunday Age, 10 August 2003.
  2. ^ a b "Senator the Hon Bridget McKenzie". Senators and Members of the Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  3. ^ Women in Politics: Bridget McKenzie, National Party Senator for Victoria, Australian Women Online. Retrieved 18 August 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Senate Results - Victoria - 2010 Federal Election". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  5. ^ Gun-loving senator Bridget McKenzie elected Barnaby Joyce's new deputy, The Sydney Morning Herald, 8 December 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  6. ^ Turnbull, Malcolm (19 December 2017). "Ministerial Arrangements" (Press release). Government of Australia. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018. Deputy Nationals Leader Bridget McKenzie joins Cabinet as Minister for Sport, Rural Health and Regional Communications. Bridget has long campaigned for better services for regional communities.
  7. ^ "Bridget McKenzie Australia's first female Agriculture Minister". Farm Online. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  8. ^ Meet Bridget McKenzie, the Turnbull government senator out to change your mind about guns, The Sydney Morning Herald, 26 October 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  9. ^ McKenzie against same sex marriage, supports conscience vote, Bendigo Advertiser, 10 June 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  10. ^ Q&A recap: Coalition senator Bridget McKenzie confronted by gay brother over plebiscite, The Sydney Morning Herald, 13 September 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  11. ^ Brother of Nationals senator Bridget McKenzie hits out against sister's comments on same-sex marriage, ABC News, 13 June 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  12. ^ "Stepping Up Biosecurity Defences To Safeguard Regional Australia". Senator Bridget McKenzie. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  13. ^ "$66 million for African swine fever safeguards". Countryman. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Swine fever defences get $66m boost from government". Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  15. ^ "Biosecurity Charges Increase from 1 January 2020 - Biosecurity Imports Levy and African Swine Fever Update". Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  16. ^ "GOVERNMENT DELIVERS TO PROTECT FARMERS". Senator Bridget McKenzie. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  17. ^ "Laws pass making it illegal to use websites, social media to incite trespass on farms". 13 September 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  18. ^ "Morrison Government delivers farm trespass laws". Attorney-General for Australia and Minister for Industrial Relations. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Parliament backs farmers with Criminal Code Amendment Bill set to become law". National Farmers' Federation. 12 September 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  20. ^ "Farm invasion bill passes Federal Parliament". Sheep Central. 13 September 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  21. ^ Commission, Australian Competition and Consumer (17 March 2017). "Dairy inquiry". Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  22. ^ Commission, Australian Competition and Consumer (13 December 2019). "New mandatory dairy code welcomed". Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  23. ^ Macdonald, Marian (13 December 2019). "How the state farmer bodies and processors reacted to mandatory Dairy Code". Stock & Land. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  24. ^ "Farmers gain vital protections under mandatory dairy code – Australian Dairy Farmers". Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  25. ^ "National Press Club heads to Wodonga for historic regional event". 20 March 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  26. ^ Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities. "Regional Deals". Infrastructure and Regional Development. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  27. ^ "Albury-Wodonga regional deal pilot to help address 'cross-border' issues". The Border Mail. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  28. ^ Johnston, David (19 June 2020). "Regional deal support done deal at long last". The Border Mail. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  29. ^ a b "National Press Club Address, The Cube Wodonga". Senator Bridget McKenzie. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  30. ^ Speers, David (16 January 2020). "Bridget McKenzie's sport grant cash splash is a particularly brazen example of pork-barrelling". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  31. ^ Wray, Michael (15 January 2020). "National Audit Office found 60 per cent of grants failed to meet minimum requirements". The Courier Mail. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  32. ^ Burke, Kelly (16 January 2020). "Morrison government accused of pork barrelling over $100m 'sports rorts' scandal". 7 News. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  33. ^ "Pork barrelling comes at a cost". The Australian. 18 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  34. ^ Speers, David (16 January 2020). "Bridget McKenzie's sport grant cash splash is a particularly brazen example of pork-barrelling". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  35. ^ submission
  36. ^ McKenzie, Bridget (29 April 2020). "Statement to the Senate Select Committee on Administration of Sports Grants" (PDF). Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  37. ^ Martin, Sarah (24 January 2020). "Sports grants: rugby club gets $500,00 for female change rooms but has no women's team". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  38. ^ Karp, Paul; Remeikis, Amy (28 January 2020). "Sports grants: Brisbane football club given $150,000 for project that was already funded". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  39. ^ Karp, Paul; Knaus, Christopher (22 January 2020). "Sport grants: more than $1m given to nine clubs linked to Coalition MPs". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  40. ^ Burgess, Katie; Lawson, Kirsten (17 January 2020). "Pressure grows on Bridget McKenzie over sports grants as more footage appears of candidates offering giant cheques". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  41. ^ Norman, Jane; Worthington, Brett (16 January 2020). "Bridget McKenzie facing calls to quit after auditors condemn 'biased' sports cash splash". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  42. ^ Harris, Rob (21 January 2020). "'It fails every test': Albanese says PM must sack Bridget McKenzie". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  43. ^ Seo, Bo (27 January 2020). "AFR readers say Bridget McKenzie has to go". The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  44. ^ Karp, Paul (20 January 2020). "Scott Morrison backs Bridget McKenzie in sports grants scandal and will 'clarify' legal issues". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  45. ^ Martin, Sarah (24 January 2020). "Sports grants: Michael McCormack stands by Bridget McKenzie, saying she has done 'outstanding job'". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  46. ^ Tillet, Andrew (24 January 2020). "Dutton argues there's no reason for Bridget McKenzie's scalp". The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  47. ^ "Government will not listen to twitter: Peter Dutton defends Bridget McKenzie over sports grants". The Australian.
  48. ^ "Dutton argues there's no reason for Bridget McKenzie's scalp". Australian Financial Review. 24 January 2020.
  49. ^ "McKenzie resignation no embarrassment, insists Dutton".
  50. ^ Murphy, Katharine (2 February 2020). "Sports rort: Dutton backs beleaguered McKenzie saying 'I've got confidence in Bridget'". Guardian Australia.
  51. ^ Harris, Rob (22 January 2020). "PM orders conflict of interest review of McKenzie's shooting grant". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  52. ^ Worthington, Brett (29 January 2020). "Scott Morrison distances himself from sports grants scandal plaguing his Government". ABC News.
  53. ^ "Bridget McKenzie resigns from cabinet over sports grant saga".
  54. ^ "Bridget McKenzie quits frontbench over report she breached ministerial standards". ABC News. Australia. 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  55. ^ "Michael McCormack defeats Barnaby Joyce to remain Nationals leader". ABC News. 4 February 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  56. ^ "Anthony Albanese says public wants 'practical' action on climate change – as it happened". The Guardian. 4 February 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  57. ^ "Concerns about contentious water ministry punted from Cabinet, and Veterans Minister dumped as royal commission looms". ABC News. 28 June 2021. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  58. ^ "Nationals new deputy silent on weekend trip to Gold Coast". The Australian. 14 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  59. ^ "Nationals deputy Bridget McKenzie charged taxpayers to attend shooting awards". The Sydney Morning Herald. 16 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  60. ^ "Bridget McKenzie named new National Party deputy leader". Bendigo Advertiser. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  61. ^ "Bridget McKenzie named new National Party deputy leader". The Courier. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  62. ^ Johnston, David (1 January 2019). "Bridget McKenzie rules out Mallee contest, uncertain about Indi". The Wimmera Mail-Times. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  63. ^ Johnston, David (24 October 2018). "Senior Liberal fumes over Bridget McKenzie's office move". Bendigo Advertiser. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  64. ^ Johnston, David (4 July 2019). "McKenzie bills taxpayers $530,000 for new office". Bendigo Advertiser. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  65. ^ Johnston, David (4 July 2019). "McKenzie bills taxpayers $530,000 for new office". Bendigo Advertiser. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  66. ^ "Nationals Senator Bridget McKenzie responds to criticism she lives in the inner-city". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  67. ^ "Meet Bridget McKenzie, the Turnbull government senator out to change your mind about guns". Sydney Morning Herald. 26 October 2015. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  68. ^ "Trans-Tasman relations: Long-distance love for Hamilton East MP David Bennett, who confirms he is in a relationship with Australian senator". NZ Herald. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  69. ^ Bridget McKenzie: New Zealand enchants another National, The Australian, 2017-12-09. Retrieved 2017-12-19
  70. ^ Hutchinson, Samantha; Brook, Stephen (20 January 2021). "Unmasked: McKenzie's shopping trip to remember with new partner". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  71. ^ "McKenzie pens book on McEwen". South Gippsland Sentinel-Times. 18 December 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  72. ^ Fitzgerald, Ross (30 December 2020). "Rewarding, if reducted, portrait of a political titan". The Australian. Retrieved 21 August 2021.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded byas Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources Minister for Agriculture
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Regional Services, Decentralisation and Local Government
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Sport
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Rural Health
Succeeded byas Minister for Health
Preceded by Minister for Regional Communications
Succeeded byas Minister for Communications and the Arts
Party political offices
Preceded by Deputy Leader of the National Party of Australia
Succeeded by
Preceded by Leader of the National Party of Australia in the Senate