Brickellia veronicifolia

Brickellia veronicifolia is a North American species of plants in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of Mexico, from Chihuahua to Oaxaca.[2] In the United States, it very rare, found only in the Chisos Mountains inside Big Bend National Park in Texas, and also in Otero County in New Mexico.[3]

Brickellia veronicifolia
Scientific classification
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B. veronicifolia
Binomial name
Brickellia veronicifolia
(Kunth) A.Gray
Synonyms[1]
  • Brickellia veronicaefolia (Kunth) A.Gray
  • Eupatorium veronicifolium Kunth
  • Eupatorium veronicaefolium Kunth

Brickellia veronicifolia is a shrub up to 90 cm (3 feet) tall. It produces large numbers of small, pale yellow or cream-colored flower heads.[4]

Brickellia veronicifolia contains high amounts of essential oils, Germacrene D, a natural insecticide[5] and the two flavonoids brickellin[6] and eupatolitin.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Plant List, Brickellia veronicifolia (Kunth) A.Gray
  2. ^ Turner, B. L. 1997. The Comps of Mexico: A systematic account of the family Asteraceae, vol. 1 – Eupatorieae. Phytologia Memoirs 11: i–iv, 1–272.
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  4. ^ Flora of North America, Brickellia veronicifolia
  5. ^ Rivero-Cruz B, Rivero-Cruz I, Rodriguez JM, Cerda-Garcia-Rojas CM, Mata R. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the active components of the essential oil from Brickellia veronicaefolia by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. J Nat Prod. 2006 Aug;69(8):1172-6.
  6. ^ Brickellin, a novel flavone from Brickellia veronicaefolia and B. chlorolepis. Roberts M. F., Timmermann B. N., Mabry T. J., Brown R., Matlin S. A., Phytochemistry, 1984, vol. 23, no1, pp. 163-165
  7. ^ 6-Methoxyflavonols from Brickellia veronicaefolia (compositae). Margaret F. Roberts, Barbara N. Timmermann and Tom J. Mabry, Phytochemistry, Volume 19, Issue 1, 1980, Pages 127-129

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