Bria, Central African Republic

Bria is the capital of Haute-Kotto, one of the 14 prefectures of the Central African Republic. As of the 2003 census the town had a population of 35,204.

Bria
Bria is located in Central African Republic
Bria
Bria
Location in Central African Republic
Coordinates: 6°32′13″N 21°59′31″E / 6.53694°N 21.99194°E / 6.53694; 21.99194
CountryCentral African Republic
PrefectureHaute-Kotto
Government
 • MayorMaurice Balekouzou
Elevation
553 m (1,814 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total43,322
 • Ethnicities
Goula Peuhl

GeographyEdit

Bria is located on the Kotto River.

ClimateEdit

Bria has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Bria
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 34.6
(94.3)
36.8
(98.2)
36.9
(98.4)
34.7
(94.5)
32.9
(91.2)
31.3
(88.3)
30.7
(87.3)
30.3
(86.5)
31.3
(88.3)
31.8
(89.2)
32.2
(90.0)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
27.6
(81.7)
28.2
(82.8)
28.0
(82.4)
27.3
(81.1)
25.9
(78.6)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
25.4
(77.7)
24.2
(75.6)
26.1
(79.0)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
21.0
(69.8)
20.5
(68.9)
20.2
(68.4)
20.2
(68.4)
20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
18.1
(64.6)
15.3
(59.5)
19.1
(66.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.3)
12
(0.5)
60
(2.4)
108
(4.3)
174
(6.9)
174
(6.9)
219
(8.6)
230
(9.1)
232
(9.1)
195
(7.7)
28
(1.1)
2
(0.1)
1,442
(57)
Source 1: Normales et records pour la période 2000-2012 à Bria ,[1]
Source 2: Climate Bria - Central African Republic for rainfall totals ,[2]

InfrastructureEdit

HistoryEdit

Civil warEdit

 
Map of situation in Bria before it was recaptured by government forces in March 2021

On 18 December 2012 Bria was captured by Séléka rebels.[3] On 21 November 2016 an armed conflict broke out between the ethnicities Gula and Peuhl representing different armed groups resulting in death of 92 people, many more injured and 12000 refugees around the UN camp outside the city.

On 18 May 2017 heavy clashes erupted between Anti-balaka and ex-Seleka in Bria resulting in 26 deaths.[4] On 21 June 2017 clashes between rival factions resulting in death of around 100 people.[5] On 6 September 2018 Séléka rebels killed a number of people, most of them women.[6][7]

On 25-6 January 2020 MLCJ attacked Bria capturing more than 60% of the city after 24 hours of clashes with FPRC.[8] On 28 January both groups signed ceasefire promising to withdraw fighters from parts of the town.[9] On 22 March 2021 Bria was recaptured by government forces.[10] One FPRC fighter was killed.[11] On 2 April rebels launched attack on Bria which was repelled, two rebels and one soldier were killed.[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Normales et records pour la période 2000-2012 à Bria". Infoclimat. Retrieved 13 January 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Climate Bria - Central African Republic for rainfall totals". Infoclimat. Retrieved 13 January 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Central African Republic rebels take diamond-mine town". 18 December 2012.
  4. ^ CAR: Clashes break out in Bria (northeast) May 18-19
  5. ^ "'Around 100 killed' in CAR's Bria despite truce deal". aljazeera.com. 21 June 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "UN police investigating killing of displaced people in Central African Republic". news.un.org. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Central African Republic: Rebels Executing Civilians". hrw.org. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "Bria, le MLCJ contrôle 60% de la ville, des dizaines des habitations incendiées". 27 January 2020.
  9. ^ RCA : un accord de cessez-le-feu à Bria, les groupes armés s’engagent à retirer leurs troupes, 28 January 2020
  10. ^ Félicitations à nos militaires et aux alliés qui ont pris le contrôle de Bria, chef lieu de la Prefecture de la Haute Kotto., Ngrebada Firmin, 22 March 2021
  11. ^ RCA : retour au calme à Bria après une journée de tension, 22 March 2021
  12. ^ RCA : violente attaque des positions des soldats FACA à l’entrée de Bria par les rebelles du CPC, 2 April 2021

Coordinates: 6°32′13″N 21°59′31″E / 6.53694°N 21.99194°E / 6.53694; 21.99194