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The Brevundimonas are a genus of proteobacteria. They are Gram-negative, non-fermenting, aerobic bacilli. The Brevundimonas species are ubiquitous in the environment but are rarely isolated from clinical samples.[2] Two species of Brevundimonas originally classified under the genus Pseudomonas have been re-classified by Seger et al. as Brevundimonas vesicularis and Brevundimonas diminuta.[3]

Brevundimonas
Scientific classification
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Phylum:
Class:
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Genus:
Brevundimonas

Segers et al. 1994
Species

B. abyssalis[1]
B. alba
B. albigilva[1]
B. aurantiaca
B. aveniformis[1]
B. bacteroides
B. balnearis[1]
B. basaltis[1]
B. bullata[1]
B. canariensis[1]
B. denitrificans[1]
B. diminuta
B. faecalis[1]
B. halotolerans[1]
B. intermedia
B. humi[1]
B. kwangchunensis
B. lenta[1]
B. mediterranea
B. naejangsanensis[1]
B. nasdae
B. poindexterae[1]
B. subvibrioides
B. staleyi[1]
B. terrae
B. vancanneytii[1]
B. variabilis
B. vesicularis
B. viscosa[1]

EtymologyEdit

The name Brevundimonas derives from:   Latin adjective brevis, short; Latin feminine gender noun unda, a wave; Latin feminine gender noun monas (μονάς), nominally meaning "a unit", but in effect meaning a bacterium; New Latin feminine gender noun Brevundimonas, bacteria with short wavelength flagella.[4]

Members of the genus Brevundimonas can be referred to as brevundimonad (viz. Trivialisation of names).

Survival on MarsEdit

Brevundimonas is one of few bacteria showing high survival rates under simulated Martian conditions.[5] Results from one of these experimental irradiation experiments, combined with previous radiation modeling, indicate that Brevundimonas sp. MV.7 emplaced only 30 cm deep in Martian dust could survive the cosmic radiation for up to 100,000 years before suffering 10⁶ population reduction.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q LPSN bacterio.net
  2. ^ Lee, M. R.; Huang, Y. T.; Liao, C. H.; Chuang, T. Y.; Lin, C. K.; Lee, S. W.; Lai, C. C.; Yu, C. J.; Hsueh, P. R. (2011-10-01). "Bacteremia caused by Brevundimonas species at a tertiary care hospital in Taiwan, 2000–2010". European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases. 30 (10): 1185–1191. doi:10.1007/s10096-011-1210-5. ISSN 0934-9723. PMID 21461849.
  3. ^ Panasiti, V.; Devirgiliis, V.; Mancini, M.; Curzio, M.; Rossi, M.; Fioriti, D.; Pietropaolo, V.; Nicosia, R.; Gallinelli, C. (April 2008). "A cutaneous infection caused by Brevundimonas vesicularis: a case report". International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology. 21 (2): 457–461. doi:10.1177/039463200802100226. ISSN 0394-6320. PMID 18547490.
  4. ^ Brevundimonas entry in LPSN [Euzéby, J.P. (1997). "List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet". Int J Syst Bacteriol. Microbiology Society. 47 (2): 590–2. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-2-590. ISSN 0020-7713. PMID 9103655. Retrieved 2019-02-23.]
  5. ^ Dartnell, Lewis R.; Hunter, Stephanie J.; Lovell, Keith V.; Coates, Andrew J.; Ward, John M. (2010). "Low-Temperature Ionizing Radiation Resistance of Deinococcus radiodurans and Antarctic Dry Valley Bacteria". Astrobiology. 10 (7): 717–32. Bibcode:2010AsBio..10..717D. doi:10.1089/ast.2009.0439. PMID 20950171.