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Breves is a Brazilian municipality located in the state of Pará, on the island of Marajó. Its population as of 2018 is estimated to be 101,891 people.[1] The area of the municipality is 9,550.454 km². The city belongs to the mesoregion Marajó and to the microregion of Furos de Breves.

Breves
Municipality
Official seal of Breves
Seal
Location in the State of Pará
Location in the State of Pará
Coordinates: 01°40′55″S 50°28′48″W / 1.68194°S 50.48000°W / -1.68194; -50.48000Coordinates: 01°40′55″S 50°28′48″W / 1.68194°S 50.48000°W / -1.68194; -50.48000
Country Brazil
RegionNorth
State Pará
FoundedNovember 19, 1738
EmancipationOctober 25, 1851
Government
 • MayorToninho Barbosa
Area
 • Total9,550.454 km2 (3,687.451 sq mi)
Elevation
40 m (130 ft)
Population
 (2018 est.[1])
 • Total101,891
 • Density11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BST)
Postal Code
68800-000
Websitehttp://www.breves.pa.gov.br

The municipality is contained in the 59,985 square kilometres (23,160 sq mi) Marajó Archipelago Environmental Protection Area, a sustainable use conservation unit established in 1989 to protect the environment of the delta region.[2] It contains the 93,746 hectares (231,650 acres) Mapuá Extractive Reserve, a sustainable use conservation unit created in 2005.[3]

The city is served by Breves Airport.

ClimateEdit

The climate is tropical rainforest or equatorial (Köppen: Af) with high rainfall and high temperature all year round.[4]

Climate data for Breves (north), elevation: 15 m or 49 ft, 1961-1990 normals and extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.1
(88.0)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.2
(90.0)
32.8
(91.0)
32.9
(91.2)
33.3
(91.9)
32.9
(91.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
25.3
(77.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.1
(79.0)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
26.3
(79.3)
26.5
(79.7)
24.7
(76.5)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
Average low °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
21.4
(70.5)
22.4
(72.3)
21.7
(71.1)
21.4
(70.5)
21.1
(70.0)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.4
(70.5)
21.3
(70.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 307.4
(12.10)
294.5
(11.59)
319.3
(12.57)
311.4
(12.26)
237.9
(9.37)
188.5
(7.42)
133.9
(5.27)
75.8
(2.98)
78.4
(3.09)
89.6
(3.53)
81.3
(3.20)
181.0
(7.13)
2,299
(90.51)
Average relative humidity (%) 89.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 87.0 86.0 84.0 84.0 84.0 82.0 84.0 86.0 86.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 130.5 96.9 103.3 114.9 178.2 207.0 253.0 263.3 233.9 235.1 199.9 186.9 2,202.9
Source: NOAA[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics" (PDF). 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019. 2018 Estimates of Population
  2. ^ APA Arquipélago do Marajó (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-27
  3. ^ RESEX Mapuá (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-30
  4. ^ "Clima Breves: Temperatura, Tempo e Dados climatológicos Breves - Climate-Data.org". pt.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  5. ^ "Breves (82188) - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved March 28, 2019.