Bretschneidera sinensis, the sole species in genus Bretschneidera, is a rare, 10–20 metres (33–66 ft) tall tree with large inflorescences. It is found in south and east of China, Taiwan, northern Thailand and northern Vietnam. It is threatened by habitat loss. Because of its relatively recent discovery in Taiwan and Thailand, it is possible that it could also be found in Laos and northern Myanmar.[2] It was named in honor of Emil Bretschneider.[3]

Bretschneidera sinensis Hemsl BRETSCHNEIDERACEAE 02.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Akaniaceae
Genus: Bretschneidera
B. sinensis
Binomial name
Bretschneidera sinensis

Bretschneidera yunshanensis Chun & F.C.How

In Thailand it is known as Chompoo Phu Kha (Thai: ชมพูภูคา) and is found only on Doi Phu Kha National Park in the Luang Prabang Range where it flowers in February and March.[4]

The taxonomic position of genus Bretschneidera is enigmatic, and it has also been placed in its own family, Bretschneideraceae.[5]


  1. ^ Sun, W. (1998). "Bretschneidera sinensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T32324A9697750. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T32324A9697750.en.
  2. ^ Lianli Lu & David E. Boufford. "Bretschneidera sinensis Hemsley". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  3. ^ Various (1901). "[In Memoriam for] Dr. Emil Bretschneider". Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. London: Darling & Son, Ltd., for His Majesty's Stationery Office: 201–2. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  4. ^ “Doi Phu Kha National Park, Nan”
  5. ^ Ronse De Craene, L. P.; Yang, T. Y. A.; Schols, P.; Smets, E. F. (2002). "Floral anatomy and systematics of Bretschneidera (Bretschneideraceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 139: 29–45. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8339.2002.00045.x.