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Brentwood and Ongar (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

The seat was created for the February 1974 general election, primarily from part of the abolished constituency of Billericay.

It was held by Eric Pickles between the General Election in 1992 and 2017 when he stood down. The Liberal Democrats amassed their largest share of the vote in 1992 (including results for their two predecessor parties). At the 2010 election their candidate was second-placed with 13.6% of the vote, ahead of the Labour Party's candidate.

In the 2001 election, Pickles was opposed by Martin Bell, who had represented the Tatton constituency in the last Parliament as an independent and had pledged not to seek re-election there. Bell failed to gain Brentwood and Ongar from the Conservatives, but cut the Conservative majority to just 6.5%, the lowest in the seat's history.

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

1974–1983: The Urban District of Brentwood, and in the Rural District of Epping and Ongar the civil parishes of Abbess Beauchamp and Berners Roding, Blackmore, Bobbingworth, Doddinghurst, Fyfield, High Laver, High Ongar, Kelvedon Hatch, Lambourne, Little Laver, Moreton, Navestock, Ongar, Stanford Rivers, Stapleford Abbotts, Stapleford Tawney, Stondon Massey, Theydon Mount, and Willingale.[3]

The Urban District of Brentwood was previously part of the abolished County Constituency of Billericay, and the parishes of the Rural District of Epping and Ongar (which had previously constituted the Rural District of Ongar) had been part of the abolished County Constituency of Chigwell.

1983–2010: The District of Brentwood, and the District of Epping Forest wards of Chipping Ongar, Greensted and Marden Ash, High Ongar, Lambourne, Moreton and Matching, Passingford, Roothing Country, and Shelley.[4][5]

Two parishes, formerly part of the Rural District of Chelmsford and included in the District of Brentwood under the Local Government Act 1972 transferred from the County Constituency of Chelmsford. Other marginal changes.

2010–present: The Borough of Brentwood, and the District of Epping Forest wards of Chipping Ongar, Greensted and Marden Ash, High Ongar, Willingale and The Rodings, Lambourne, Moreton and Fyfield, North Weald Bassett, Passingford, and Shelley.[6]

North Weald Bassett ward transferred from Epping Forest.  Other marginal changes due to redistribution of local authority wards.

Changes proposed by the Boundary CommssionEdit

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010. .

The Commission has recommended that the constituency be extended westwards, gaining two rural wards in the Borough of Chelmsford, currently in the Saffron Walden constituency. North Weald Bassett would now be transferred to Harlow, along with the ward of Moreton and Fyfield.[7]

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General election 2019: Brentwood and Ongar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alex Burghart[10]
Labour Oliver Durose[11]
Green Paul Jeater[12]
Liberal Democrat David Kendall[13]
General election 2017: Brentwood and Ongar[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alex Burghart 34,811 65.8   7.0
Labour Gareth Barrett 10,809 20.4   7.9
Liberal Democrat Karen Chilvers 4,426 8.4   0.5
UKIP Mick McGough 1,845 3.5   13.5
Green Paul Jeater 915 1.7   1.0
Independent Louca Kousoulou 104 0.2 N/A
Majority 24,002 45.4   3.4
Turnout 52,910 70.6   1.0
Conservative hold Swing   0.5
General election 2015: Brentwood and Ongar[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Pickles 30,534 58.8   1.9
UKIP Mick McGough 8,724 16.8   12.8
Labour Liam Preston 6,492 12.5   2.6
Liberal Democrat David Kendall 4,577 8.8   14.6
Green Reza Hossain 1,397 2.7   1.5
English Democrat Robin Tilbrook 173 0.3   0.7
Majority 21,810 42.0   8.6
Turnout 51,897 71.6   0.3
Conservative hold Swing   5.4
General election 2010: Brentwood and Ongar[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Pickles 28,792 56.9   2.9
Liberal Democrat David Kendall 11,872 23.5   3.4
Labour Heidi Benzing 4,992 9.9   4.9
UKIP Michael McGough 2,037 4.0   0.1
BNP Paul Morris 1,447 2.9 N/A
Green Jess Barnecutt 584 1.2 N/A
English Democrat Robin Tilbrook 491 1.0 N/A
Independent James Sapwell 263 0.5 N/A
Independent Danny Attfield 113 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,920 33.4   7.1
Turnout 50,591 71.9   4.0
Conservative hold Swing   3.1

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Brentwood and Ongar[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Pickles 23,609 53.5   15.5
Liberal Democrat Gavin Stollar 11,997 27.2   11.6
Labour John Adams 6,579 14.9   2.3
UKIP Stuart Gulleford 1,805 4.1   2.7
Independent Anthony Appleton 155 0.4   0.3
Majority 11,612 26.3   19.8
Turnout 44,145 68.4   1.1
Conservative hold Swing   2.0
General election 2001: Brentwood and Ongar[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Pickles 16,558 38.0   7.4
Independent Martin Bell 13,737 31.5 N/A
Liberal Democrat David Kendall 6,772 15.6   10.7
Labour Diana Johnson 5,505 12.6   9.5
UKIP Kenneth Gulleford 611 1.4   0.5
Independent Peter Pryke 239 0.5 N/A
Church of the Militant Elvis David Bishop 68 0.2 N/A
Independent Anthony Appleton 52 0.1 N/A
Majority 2,821 6.5   12.6
Turnout 43,542 67.3   9.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Brentwood and Ongar[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Pickles 23,031 45.4   12.2
Liberal Democrat Elizabeth Bottomley 13,341 26.3   4.2
Labour Marc Young 11,231 22.1   11.2
Referendum Angela Kilmartin 2,658 5.2 N/A
UKIP David Mills 465 0.9 N/A
Majority 9,690 19.1   8.0
Turnout 50,726 76.6   8.1
Conservative hold Swing   4.0
General election 1992: Brentwood and Ongar[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Pickles 32,145 57.6   2.9
Liberal Democrat Elizabeth Bottomley 17,000 30.5   5.5
Labour Jeremiah Keohane 6,080 10.9   2.3
Green Carolyn Bartley 555 1.0   0.3
Majority 15,145 27.2   8.3
Turnout 55,780 84.7   5.7
Conservative hold Swing   4.2

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Brentwood and Ongar[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert McCrindle 32,258 60.5   2.1
Liberal Nicholas Amor 13,337 25.0   5.3
Labour James Orpe 7,042 13.2   1.8
Green Margaret Willis 686 1.3 N/A
Majority 18,921 35.5   7.4
Turnout 53323 79.0   2.4
Conservative hold Swing   3.7
General election 1983: Brentwood and Ongar[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert McCrindle 29,484 58.4   2.1
Liberal Nicholas Amor 15,282 30.3   16.0
Labour James Orpe 5,739 11.4   14.0
Majority 14,202 28.1   7.0
Turnout 50505 76.6   4.0
Conservative hold Swing   9.0

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Brentwood and Ongar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert McCrindle 29,113 60.4   13.5
Labour Ian James Crofton Peddie 12,182 25.3   4.0
Liberal Colin Cenydd Jones 6,882 14.3   9.5
Majority 16,931 35.1   17.5
Turnout 48,177 80.6   3.4
Conservative hold Swing   8.8
General election October 1974: Brentwood and Ongar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert McCrindle 21,136 46.9   0.3
Labour Henry Edward Miller 13,190 29.3   3.7
Liberal Lionel Rufus Wernick 10,725 23.8   4.0
Majority 7,946 17.6   1.2
Turnout 45,051 77.2   6.6
Conservative hold Swing   1.7
General election February 1974: Brentwood and Ongar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert McCrindle 22,545 46.6 N/A
Liberal Lionel Rufus Wernick 13,452 27.8 N/A
Labour Maurice Howard Rosen 12,398 25.6 N/A
Majority 9,093 18.8 N/A
Turnout 48,395 83.8 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Graphical representationEdit

February 1974 New seat
25.6% 27.8% 46.6%
Labour Liberal Conservative
October 1974
29.3% 23.8% 46.9%
Labour Liberal Conservative
1979
25.3% 14.3% 60.4%
Labour Liberal Conservative
1983
11.4% 30.3% 58.4%
Labour Liberal Conservative
1987
13.2% 25.0% 60.5%
Labour Liberal Conservative
1992
10.9% 30.5% 57.6%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative
1997
22.1% 26.3% 45.4%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative Ref
2001
12.6% 15.6% 31.5% 38.0%
Labour Lib Dems Martin Bell Conservative
2005
14.9% 27.2% 53.5%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative UKIP
2010
9.9% 23.5% 56.9%
Lab Lib Dems Conservative UKIP
2015
12.5% 58.8% 16.8%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative UKIP
2017
20.4% 65.8%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative UKIP

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Brentwood and Ongar: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  7. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 2019-02-15.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Brentwood and Ongar 1974–". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
  10. ^ https://twitter.com/alexburghart/status/1189475391452471296
  11. ^ https://twitter.com/olydurose?lang=en
  12. ^ "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  13. ^ https://brentwoodlibdems.org.uk/en/page/david-kendall-parliamentary-candidate
  14. ^ "Karen Chilvers announced as snap General Election candidate". 20 April 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  17. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Brentwood & Ongar". BBC News.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  23. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°41′N 0°14′E / 51.68°N 0.23°E / 51.68; 0.23