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Brentwood is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 8,055 at the 2010 census.[6] Brentwood is home to Brentwood High School.

Brentwood, Missouri
Top left: Neighborhood near Mark Twain Elementary School; Right: St. Mary Magdalen Catholic Church; Bottom left: Brentwood High School; Bottom middle: Brentwood I-64 station
Top left: Neighborhood near Mark Twain Elementary School; Right: St. Mary Magdalen Catholic Church; Bottom left: Brentwood High School; Bottom middle: Brentwood I-64 station
Location of Brentwood, Missouri
Location of Brentwood, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°37′9″N 90°20′55″W / 38.61917°N 90.34861°W / 38.61917; -90.34861Coordinates: 38°37′9″N 90°20′55″W / 38.61917°N 90.34861°W / 38.61917; -90.34861
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountySt. Louis
Government
 • MayorChristopher Thornton
Area
 • Total1.95 sq mi (5.05 km2)
 • Land1.95 sq mi (5.05 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
479 ft (146 m)
Population
 • Total8,055
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
7,998
 • Density4,103.64/sq mi (1,584.54/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63144
Area code(s)314
FIPS code29-08236[4]
GNIS feature ID0755812[5]
WebsiteCity of Brentwood official website

GeographyEdit

Brentwood is located at 38°37′9″N 90°20′55″W / 38.61917°N 90.34861°W / 38.61917; -90.34861 (38.619102, -90.348715).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.96 square miles (5.08 km2), all land.[8]

HistoryEdit

The area that is Brentwood consists of three land purchases: that of Louis J. Bompart who acquired his lot first in 1804, that of the Gay family, and that of the Marshall family. In the 1870s, a man by the name of Thomas Madden arrived and soon became the businessman of the community. He operated a rock quarry, and constructed a tavern, a barbershop, a grocery store, and a blacksmith shop. Due to Madden's prominence in the community, the town was then named Maddenville.

With a location on the Manchester Trail, a route that was mostly frequented by mail coaches and prairie schooners going west, Maddenville in the 1800s became a prosperous town on the outskirts of St. Louis, to which it was connected by a streetcar line.

In 1919, it was discovered by the residents of Maddenville that the inhabitants of the neighboring Maplewood were planning to elect whether or not to annex their town. To avoid annexation and to establish their own school district, the residents decided to incorporate Maddenville into a village. On December 15, 1919, the town of Maddenville officially became the village of Brentwood.

During the late 1920s, the village earned an unhealthy reputation for its numerous gambling houses and illegal activities that took place around the intersection of Manchester Road and Brentwood Boulevard. The first mayor, James L. Willingham (in office from 1929–1931), ran on the promise to clean Brentwood up and eliminate the casinos, along with the hoodlums who hung around them, which he did. The town then became once again attractive for families. On April 12, 1929, Willingham signed ordinance 1A, which established Brentwood as a city and determined its boundaries.[9]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19302,819
19404,38355.5%
19507,50471.2%
196012,25063.2%
197011,248−8.2%
19808,209−27.0%
19908,150−0.7%
20007,693−5.6%
20108,0554.7%
Est. 20187,998[3]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,055 people, 4,136 households, and 1,832 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,109.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,586.8/km2). There were 4,410 housing units at an average density of 2,250.0 per square mile (868.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 3.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 6.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 4,136 households of which 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.6% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 55.7% were non-families. 46.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 35 years. 18.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 37.4% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.1% male and 53.9% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 7,693 people, 3,929 households, and 1,775 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,948.4 people per square mile (1,523.2/km²). There were 4,088 housing units at an average density of 2,098.1 per square mile (809.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.68% White, 1.81% African American, 0.19% Native American, 3.48% Asian, 0.32% from other races, .0278 Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.73% of the population.

There were 3,929 households out of which 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.3% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.8% were non-families. 46.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 40.2% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.

The median income for a household in the city was $60,643, and the median income for a family was $63,311. Males had a median income of $47,113 versus $38,924 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,645. About 3.4% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Brentwood School District operates two elementary schools, one middle school, and Brentwood High School.[11]

The town has a lending library, the Brentwood Public Library.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 10, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Brentwood city, Missouri". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  9. ^ Brentwood Historical Society (2002). Images of America: Brentwood Missouri. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 8–9. ISBN 978-0-7385-2021-6.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Brentwood School District". Greatschools. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Missouri Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2018.

External linksEdit