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Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency)

Brentford and Isleworth (/ˈbrɛntfərd ... ˈzəlwərθ/) is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Ruth Cadbury of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Brentford and Isleworth
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Brentford and Isleworth in Greater London.
CountyGreater London
Population128,556 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate83,332 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created1974 (1974)
Member of ParliamentRuth Cadbury (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromBrentford & Chiswick and Heston & Isleworth
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyLondon

Contents

BoundariesEdit

1974-1983: The London Borough of Hounslow wards of Clifden, Gunnersbury, Homefields, Hounslow Central, Hounslow South, Isleworth North, Isleworth South, Riverside, Spring Grove, and Turnham Green.

1983-1997: The above wards as renamed: Brentford Clifden, Chiswick Homefields, Chiswick Riverside, Gunnersbury, Hounslow Central, Hounslow South, Isleworth North, Isleworth South, Spring Grove, and Turnham Green.

1997-2010: As above plus Hounslow West.

2010–present: Wards in the same borough: Brentford, Chiswick Homefields, Chiswick Riverside, Hounslow Central, Hounslow Heath, Hounslow South, Isleworth, Osterley and Spring Grove, Syon, and Turnham Green.

Constituency profileEdit

The seat is a mixture of very suburban London and urban district centres with many differing heights and types of homes. It stretches along the north bank of the Thames and then to the west, encompassing the London districts (former villages) of Chiswick, most of Hounslow, Isleworth (from Old Isleworth to Osterley) and former market town of Brentford.

The seat is affluent nearest the Thames and Osterley Park yet has a few tall tower blocks and other council housing set back from it in parts of Isleworth and Brentford. Brentford has a wide range and long history of social housing which is mostly, by a narrow margin, private housing following the 1980s Right to Buy reform. Locally, 21st century development includes a large proportion of shared ownership and housing authority homes. The seat has more unemployment (11.7% in 2017) than London (5.3%) or the UK (4.4%) overall.[3] About three wards make up Hounslow in the west and two Brentford in the centre which excluding its expensive Quay and North Quarter parts have an above-average rank in the Index of Multiple Deprivation, many homes affordable for workers on lower incomes and are generally strong for the Labour Party. In the far east are three Chiswick wards that return Conservative councillors. Chiswick's large public sector economic component and relatively young profile for a wealthy area sees a three-way or broader split in its general election votes. The only part of the seat with a London postcode - W4 it abounds with high-income office workers, small-to-mid-size business directors and senior governmental workers. Its parks, gardens, long Thames riverside, proximity to Hammersmith, its united Piccadilly and District tube lines and housing stock mean it resembles the Richmond Park seat socio-economically.[4] The wards of Osterley, Spring Grove and Hounslow South have long alternated between, or generate a split result between, Conservative and Labour councillors and there is no incontrovertible evidence to prove if they lean more to the left of their local results in general elections.

The Liberal Democrats (including their two predecessor parties) took their largest share of the vote here in 2010 but their return, seldom, of local councillors means the party fell almost 10 points below a one-third share of the votes in what was essentially a three-candidate race.

The Green Party kept its deposits in three of the four contests before 2017. In the election that year it chose not to field a candidate, in order to help Labour defend it’s 400-vote majority.

Economy

Brentford FC's Griffin Park ground is within the seat, as is Fuller's brewery and various headquarters of multinational and market-leading domestic companies including GlaxoSmithKline and BSkyB. The districts have tube or rail services east to London and west (to Heathrow Airport, Ealing and/or Weybridge) which are major centres of employment.

Political history (summary)

From 1979 until 2015 the seat proved to be a national bellwether. The 2015 result gave the seat the 4th most marginal majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[5] During the seat's existence the two largest parties nationally have jostled for the winning candidate.

Split of votes in local council electionsEdit

In 2010 Council seats split evenly (15—15) between the two main parties reflecting the result of the general election held on the same day, where the seat was narrowly gained by the Conservatives. From 1998-2001 three wards of the centre of the constituency saw the Independent Community Group have councillors, seven at their greatest. These wards were taken by Labour in 2010. Labour added Hounslow South in 2014 and took one of the three Osterley and Spring Grove seats leaving them with 19 seats and the Conservatives with 11.

Members of ParliamentEdit

The constituency was created in 1974, mostly replacing the former seat of Brentford and Chiswick.

Election Member[6] Party
Feb 1974 Sir Barney Hayhoe Conservative
1992 Nirj Deva Conservative
1997 Ann Keen Labour
2010 Mary Macleod Conservative
2015 Ruth Cadbury Labour

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

 
Results of UK House of Commons seat Brentford and Isleworth since 2005.
General election 2017: Brentford and Isleworth[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ruth Cadbury 35,364 57.4 +13.6
Conservative Mary Macleod 23,182 37.6 -5.3
Liberal Democrat Joseph Bourke 3,083 5.0 +1.0
Majority 12,182 19.8 +18.9
Turnout 61,629 72.4 +4.6
Registered electors 85,164
Labour hold Swing +9.45
General election 2015: Brentford and Isleworth[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ruth Cadbury[11] 25,096 43.8 +10.2
Conservative Mary Macleod [11] 24,631 42.9 +5.7
UKIP Richard Hendron [12] 3,203 5.6 +4.0
Liberal Democrat Joseph Bourke[13] 2,305 4.0 -19.6
Green Daniel Goldsmith[11] 2,120 3.7 +2.2
Majority 465 0.8 N/A
Turnout 57,355 67.8 +3.4
Registered electors 84,602
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +2.2
General election 2010: Brentford and Isleworth[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mary Macleod 20,022 37.2 +6.5
Labour Ann Keen 18,064 33.6 −5.4
Liberal Democrat Andrew S. Dakers 12,718 23.7 +0.7
UKIP Jason D. Hargreaves 863 1.6 N/A
Green John G. Hunt 787 1.5 −2.1
BNP Paul Winnett 704 1.3 N/A
English Democrat David B. Cunningham 230 0.4 N/A
Christian Aamir J. Bhatti 210 0.4 N/A
Christian Peoples Evangeline Pillai 99 0.2 N/A
Independent Teresa M. Vanneck-Surplice 68 0.1 N/A
Majority 1,958 3.6 N/A
Turnout 53,765 64.4 +11.5
Registered electors 83,546
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.95

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Brentford and Isleworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ann Keen 18,329 39.8 −12.5
Conservative Alexander B. Northcote 13,918 30.2 +1.1
Liberal Democrat Andrew S. Dakers 10,477 22.8 +9.3
Green John G. Hunt 1,652 3.6 +0.6
Community Group Philip Andrews 1,118 2.4 N/A
National Front Michael R. Stoneman 523 1.1 N/A
Majority 4,411 9.6 -13.6
Turnout 46,017 54.5 +0.8
Registered electors 88,236
Labour hold Swing −6.8
General election 2001: Brentford and Isleworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ann Keen 23,275 52.3 −5.2
Conservative Timothy Mack 12,957 29.1 −2.6
Liberal Democrat Gareth Hartwell 5,994 13.5 +5.2
Green Nicholas Ferriday 1,324 3.0 +1.8
UKIP Gerald Ingram 412 0.9 −0.2
Socialist Alliance Daniel Faith 408 0.9 N/A
Independent Asa Khaira 144 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,318 23.2 -2.5
Turnout 44,514 53.7 −15.8
Registered electors 82,878
Labour hold Swing -1.2

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Brentford and Isleworth[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ann Keen 32,249 57.4 +14.7
Conservative Nirj Deva 17,825 31.8 −13.9
Liberal Democrat Gareth Hartwell 4,613 8.2 −1.9
Green John W. Bradley 687 1.2 -0.5
UKIP B. Simmerson 614 1.1 N/A
Natural Law Morris Ahmed 147 0.3 N/A
Majority 14,424 25.7 N/A
Turnout 56,135 69.5 -6.7
Registered electors 80,722
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +14.3
General election 1992: Brentford and Isleworth[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nirj Deva 24,752 45.8 −1.9
Labour Ann Keen 22,666 42.0 +8.4
Liberal Democrat Janet C.N. Salmon 5,683 10.5 −7.0
Green John W. Bradley 927 1.7 +0.2
Majority 2,086 3.9 -10.6
Turnout 54,024 76.2 -0.5
Registered electors 70,880
Conservative hold Swing −5.2

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Brentford and Isleworth[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Barney Hayhoe 26,230 47.7 +0.3
Labour Ann Keen 18,277 33.6 +3.9
Social Democratic David Wilks 9,626 17.5 −4.6
Green Timothy Cooper 849 1.5 N/A
Majority 7,953 14.5 -3.7
Turnout 54,983 76.7 +2.0
Registered electors 71,715
Conservative hold Swing −1.8
General election 1983: Brentford and Isleworth[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Barney Hayhoe 24,515 47.4 −2.0
Labour P.L. Rowlands 15,128 29.3 −11.1
Social Democratic David Wilks 11,438 22.1 +14.5
National Front P. Andrews 427 0.8 −0.5
Conservatives Against the Common Market R.E.G. Simmerson 179 0.8 +0.3
Majority 9,387 18.2 +9.2
Turnout 51,683 74.7 −3.4
Registered electors 69,170
Conservative hold Swing +4.6

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Brentford and Isleworth[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Barney Hayhoe 27,527 49.4 +6.2
Labour P.J. Walker 22,533 40.4 −2.3
Liberal J. Parry 4,208 7.6 −3.9
National Front P. Attridge 738 1.3 −1.3
Ecology I. Coates 454 0.8 N/A
Conservatives Against the Common Market R.E.G. Simmerson 257 0.5 N/A
Majority 4,994 9.0 +8.6
Turnout 55,714 78.1 +4.8
Registered electors 71,337
Conservative hold Swing +4.3
General election October 1974: Brentford and Isleworth[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Barney Hayhoe 22,527 43.2 +2.6
Labour P.J. Walker 22,295 42.7 +3.4
Liberal R. Blundell 6,019 11.5 −5.5
National Front T. Benford 1,362 2.6 −0.5
Majority 232 0.4 -0.9
Turnout 52,203 73.3 −5.7
Registered electors 71,199
Conservative hold Swing −0.4
General election February 1974: Brentford and Isleworth[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Barney Hayhoe 22,690 40.6 N/A
Labour Michael Barnes 21,964 39.3 N/A
Liberal D.C. Blackburn 9,502 17.0 N/A
National Front T. Benford 1,741 3.1 N/A
Majority 726 1.3 N/A
Turnout 55,894 79.0 N/A
Registered electors 70,735
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Brentford and Isleworth: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ "All people - Economically active - Unemployed: Brentford and Isleworth". Nomis. Source: Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Property for Sale in W4, Houses & Flat for Sale W4 - Mouseprice". mouseprice.com.
  5. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
  7. ^ "Brentford & Isleworth parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  8. ^ http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-08-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) 3Aug15
  11. ^ a b c "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
  12. ^ Robert Cumber (3 March 2015). "New UKIP candidate is champion canoeist and former police inspector". getwestlondon.
  13. ^ "Candidate Profiles". Liberal Democrats.
  14. ^ "UKPollingReport Election Guide 2010 » Brentford and Isleworth". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
  15. ^ "Brentford and Isleworth". YourNextMP. Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
  16. ^ "Brentford & Isleworth". politicsresources.net.
  17. ^ "UK General Election results: April 1992 [Archive]". politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
  18. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
  19. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2017-06-28. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
  20. ^ "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.
  21. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.
  22. ^ "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°28′49″N 0°19′25″W / 51.4802°N 0.3236°W / 51.4802; -0.3236