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Brentford and Chiswick (UK Parliament constituency)

Brentford and Chiswick was a constituency 19181974 centred on the Brentford and Chiswick districts of Middlesex which became parts of west London in 1965. It returned one member (MP) to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.

Brentford and Chiswick
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1950February 1974
Number of membersone
Replaced byBrentford and Isleworth (newly created seat) (to form eastern part of)
19181950
Number of membersone
Type of constituencyCounty constituency
Replaced byBrentford and Chiswick borough constituency, above
Created fromBrentford

Its electoral outcomes were Conservative except for siding with the Labour Party's victories which returned the Attlee Ministry (in 1945) and Second Wilson Ministry (in 1966).

Contents

BoundariesEdit

 
Brentford and Chiswick in Middlesex 1918–45
 
Brentford and Chiswick was almost unchanged in a more developed subdivided county from 1945 to 1950
 
Brentford and Chiswick in Middlesex 1950–74

This former constituency is toward the south-west of the historic county of Middlesex, in what is since 1965 west London. It was established as a division of the county of Middlesex, named after the towns of Brentford and Chiswick. In the 1885–1918 distribution of parliamentary seats it had been the eastern part of the Brentford division.

In 1918 the constituency comprised the Brentford and the Chiswick Urban Districts. In 1927 the two districts were combined to form a single Brentford and Chiswick Urban District, which in 1932 became the Municipal Borough of Brentford and Chiswick. In 1950 the boundaries of the seat were left unchanged, but it was reclassified as a borough constituency.

In 1965 Brentford and Chiswick became part of the London Borough of Hounslow and Greater London.

The seat rapidly became under-sized in electorate, see malapportionment – the area forming the seat was unusually declining in population, with in the 1918 to 1930 period the major loss of servants and lodgers among many of the larger houses particularly in Chiswick, and areas of reduction of overly dense housing in Brentford. Little space remained in the seat for new building compared with other seats to the west and north. The rest of the county saw major population growth. One key area of growth in this seat was instead in the number of commercial plants, yards and offices adjoining the 'Golden Mile', Brentford.[1]

In the redistribution of parliamentary seats, which took effect at the February 1974 general election, this seat was replaced by Brentford and Isleworth which took in the eastern half of abolished Heston and Isleworth.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election 1918: Brentford & Chiswick[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Walter Grant Morden 9,077 70.04 n/a
Labour William Haywood 2,620 20.22 n/a
Independent Ray Strachey 1,263 9.75 n/a
Majority 6,457 49.82 n/a
Turnout 12,960 n/a
Unionist win
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

 
Strachey
General election 1922: Brentford & Chiswick[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Grant Morden 10,150 56.5 −13.6
Independent Ray Strachey 7,804 43.5 +33.8
Majority 2,346 13.0 −36.9
Turnout 17,954 64.2 +15.1
Registered electors 27,960
Unionist hold Swing −23.7
General election 1923: Brentford & Chiswick[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Grant Morden 9,648 54.5 −2.0
Independent Ray Strachey 4,828 27.3 −16.2
Labour William Haywood 3,216 18.2 N/A
Majority 4,820 27.2 +14.2
Turnout 17,692 62.6 −1.6
Registered electors 28,245
Unionist hold Swing +7.1
General election 1924: Brentford & Chiswick[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Grant Morden 12,098 58.3 +3.8
Labour William Haywood 6,114 29.5 +11.3
Liberal J.C. Squire 2,540 12.2 N/A
Majority 5,984 28.8 +1.6
Turnout 20,752 72.5 +9.9
Registered electors 28,606
Unionist hold Swing −3.8
General election 1929: Brentford and Chiswick[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Grant Morden 14,025 48.4 −9.9
Labour Stella Churchill 10,978 37.9 +8.4
Liberal John Stevenson 3,957 13.7 +1.5
Majority 3,047 10.5 −18.3
Turnout 28,960 72.2 −0.3
Registered electors 40,088
Unionist hold Swing −9.2

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931: Brentford and Chiswick[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harold Mitchell 22,667 74.96 +26.43
Labour George Catlin 7,572 25.04 -12.74
Majority 15,095 49.92 +39.17
Turnout 30,239 71.82
Conservative hold Swing +19.59
General election 1935: Brentford and Chiswick[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harold Mitchell 17,568 65.40 -9.56
Labour Frederick Wilson Temple 9,296 34.60 +9.56
Majority 8,272 30.79 -19.13
Turnout 26,864 64.19
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General election 1945: Brentford and Chiswick[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Francis Noel-Baker 17,693 57.63 +23.03
Conservative Harold Mitchell 13,006 42.37 -23.03
Majority 4,687 15.27
Turnout 30,699 75.87 +11.68
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +23.03

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950: Brentford and Chiswick
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Laddie Lucas 18,408 47.88 +5.51
Labour Francis Noel-Baker 17,551 45.65 -11.98
Liberal Denis Faulkner Horne 2,086 5.43 +5.43
Communist J Parker 401 1.04 +1.04
Majority 857 2.23
Turnout 38,446 87.67 +11.80
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +8.75
General election 1951: Brentford and Chiswick
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Laddie Lucas 19,612 52.00 +4.12
Labour Isaiah Leonard Lewis 18,102 48.00 +2.35
Majority 1,510 4.00 +1.77
Turnout 37,714 86.19 -1.48
Conservative hold Swing +0.89
General election 1955: Brentford and Chiswick
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Laddie Lucas 18,489 53.02 +1.02
Labour Alexander Warnock Filson 16,384 46.98 -1.02
Majority 2,105 6.04 +2.04
Turnout 34,873 82.00 -4.19
Conservative hold Swing +1.02
General election 1959: Brentford and Chiswick
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Dudley Smith 17,869 54.45 +1.43
Labour Hugh Bruce Oliphant Cardew 14,950 45.55 -1.43
Majority 2,919 8.89 +2.85
Turnout 32,819 82.29 +0.29
Conservative hold Swing +1.43

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1964: Brentford and Chiswick
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Dudley Smith 14,019 46.05 -8.40
Labour David W. Chalkley 13,475 44.26 -1.29
Liberal Meurig D Jones 2,951 9.69 +9.69
Majority 544 1.79 -7.10
Turnout 30,445 79.15 -3.14
Conservative hold Swing +3.56
General election 1966: Brentford and Chiswick
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Barnes 14,638 47.63 +3.37
Conservative Dudley Smith 14,031 45.66 −0.39
Liberal Geoffrey Roy King 2,063 6.71 −2.98
Majority 607 1.98
Turnout 30,732 82.05 +2.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +1.88

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970: Brentford and Chiswick
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Barnes 14,051 50.93 +3.30
Conservative Oliver C Wright 13,538 49.07 +3.41
Majority 513 1.86 -0.12
Turnout 27,589 73.16 −8.89
Labour hold Swing −0.06

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 'Ealing and Brentford: Growth of Brentford', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 7 (1982), pp. 113–20. Retrieved 11 June 2017
  2. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig