Brendan Joseph Hansen (born August 15, 1981) is an American former competition swimmer who specialized in breaststroke events. Hansen is a six-time Olympic medalist, and is also a former world record-holder in both the 100-meter and 200-meter breaststroke events (long course).
|Full name||Brendan Joseph Hansen|
|National team||United States|
|Born||August 15, 1981|
Haverford Township, Pennsylvania
|Height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Weight||189 lb (86 kg)|
|College team||University of Texas|
He won a total of twenty-five medals in major international competition, eighteen gold, four silver, and three bronze spanning the Olympics, the World, and the Pan Pacific Championships. He was a member of the 2012 United States Olympic team, and won the bronze medal in the 100-meter breaststroke and a gold medal in the 4×100-meter medley relay at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Early life and educationEdit
Hansen was born and grew up in Havertown, a suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He attended Haverford Senior High School. He swam for several different clubs, including Karakung Swim Club and Suburban Seahawks Club. At Karakung, he swam with Timothy Galvin and Chris Lesovitz. Tim Galvin moved on to become an assistant college swimming coach at Ohio State University. Galvin's teams have ranked in the NCAA Top 25 for 22 of the last 25 seasons.
While at Haverford High School, Hansen emulated Greg Graham. Graham was a County all star both in the pool and on the baseball diamond. Hansen and Graham has a falling out when Hansen refused advice on strengthening his stroke. Graham has since become known statewide for his incredible backhand serve on the table tennis celebrity circuit.
While attending the University of Texas at Austin, Hansen swam for coach Eddie Reese's Texas Longhorns swimming and diving team in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition from 2001 to 2005. During his time as a Longhorn swimmer, he never lost a breaststroke event. He was a sixteen-time All-American and won fourteen NCAA national championships. He graduated from the University of Texas with a bachelor's degree in kinesiology in 2005.
Hansen's main stroke is breaststroke. He is well known for his unique style of breaststroke, which incorporates a kick that is much narrower than most other swimmers, including the biggest rival of his early international career, Kosuke Kitajima.
At the 2003 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Spain, Hansen won gold in the 4×100-meter medley relay, silver in the 100-meter breaststroke, and bronze in the 200-meter breaststroke. In his first event, the 100-meter breaststroke, Hansen finished second to Kosuke Kitajima with a time of 1:00.21. In his second event, the 200-meter breaststroke, Hansen finished in third place with a time 2:11.11. In the 4×100-meter medley relay, Hansen swam his leg with a time of 59.61 seconds and the American squad finished first with a world record time of 3:31.54.
Despite setting the world record in the 100-meter and 200-meter breaststroke at the 2004 U.S. Olympic trials, Hansen did not manage to win a gold medal in either event at the 2004 Summer Olympics, as he settled for silver in the 100, and a bronze in the 200. He would win a gold for his role in the world-record setting 4 × 100 medley relay. There was controversy in Kosuke Kitajima's win in the 100-meter breaststroke. The U.S. team accused Kitajima of using an illegal dolphin kick however Olympic officials declined to issue any penalty. Grant Hackett said during London 2012 Australian television commentary that Hansen used a recording of Kitajima's roar of triumph after winning this race as his alarm clock for the next four years.
2005 World ChampionshipsEdit
At the 2005 World Aquatics Championships in Montreal, Quebec, Hansen won gold in the 100-meter breaststroke, 200-meter breaststroke, and 4×100-meter medley relay. In his first event, the 100-meter breaststroke, Hansen won with a time of 59.37 seconds, a championship record. In his second event, the 200-meter breaststroke, Hansen won with a time of 2:09.85. In the 4×100-meter medley relay, Hansen swam his leg with a time of 59.33 and the U.S. squad finished first with a time of 3:31.85.
At the 2006 ConocoPhillips National Championships, Hansen lowered both his world records in the 100-meter and 200-meter breaststroke to 59.13 seconds in the 100-meter and 2:08.74 in the 200-meter.
At the 2006 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships held in Victoria, Canada, Hansen again lowered his world record time in the 200-meter breaststroke to 2:08.50. It is notable that he was a quarter of a second behind his best time at the 150-meter mark, but he came back 0.60 of a second faster with a 33.38.
2007 World ChampionshipsEdit
At the 2007 World Aquatics Championships in Melbourne, Australia, Hansen won gold in the 100-meter breaststroke and silver in the 50-meter breaststroke. Hansen also was entered in the 200-meter breaststroke but did not start. In the 100-meter breaststroke, Hansen won with a time of 59.80 seconds, 0.16 faster than second-place finisher Kosuke Kitajima. This victory made him the first and so far only four-time breaststroke world champion (long course). In the 50-meter breaststroke, Hansen place second with a time of 27.69 seconds, just 0.03 slower than first-place finisher Oleh Lisohor.
Hansen swam the 100-meter breaststroke at the 2008 Summer Olympics, his only individual event, finishing in fourth place, but earned a gold medal as a member of the winning U.S. team in the 4×100-meter medley relay. He lost the medal while on a flight home from a party in his hometown near Philadelphia to Austin; it was returned to him the following day.
Hansen prepared for a comeback at the 2012 Summer Olympics, winning the 100-meter breaststroke and 200-meter breaststroke at the U.S. Nationals with times of 1:00.08 and 2:10.59 respectively.
At the 2012 United States Olympic Trials in Omaha, Nebraska, the qualifying meet for the U.S. Olympic Team, Hansen won the 100-meter breaststroke final, qualifying him to swim in that event and the 4×100-meter medley relay at the 2012 Summer Olympics. He also competed in the 200-meter breaststroke and finished fourth. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Hansen finished third in 100-meter breaststroke for a bronze medal, and won a gold medal as a member of the winning U.S. team in the 4×100-meter medley relay. At the conclusion of the games, Hansen decided that the 2012 Olympics would be his final meet, retiring from the sport of swimming.
Personal best timesEdit
Hansen is a former world record holder in the 100- and 200-meter breaststroke (long course), as well as the 4×100-meter medley relay (long and short course). His personal best times are:
- 50 m Breast: 27.51 (March 27, 2007)
- 100 m Breast: 59.13 (August 1, 2006)
- 200 m Breast: 2:08.50 (August 21, 2006)
- 50 m Breast: 26.86 (October 11, 2004)
- 100 m Breast: 57.47 (December 17, 2011)
- 200 m Breast: 2:03.62 (December 16, 2011)
Hansen continues to reside in Austin.
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists in one event
- List of Olympic medalists in swimming (men)
- List of United States records in swimming
- List of University of Texas at Austin alumni
- List of World Aquatics Championships medalists in swimming (men)
- World record progression 100 metres breaststroke
- World record progression 200 metres breaststroke
- World record progression 4 × 100 metres medley relay
- "Teenager upsets Olympic medallists at swimming worlds". CBC Sports. July 26, 2001. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- "Men's 100 m breaststroke results" (PDF). July 21, 2003. Retrieved May 6, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Men's 200 m breaststroke results" (PDF). July 24, 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 7, 2009. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- "Men's 4 x 100m Medley Relay results" (PDF). July 27, 2003. Retrieved May 6, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Brendan Hansen sets another world record during trials". Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- Fitzpatrick, Frank (August 15, 2004). "Brendan Hansen takes silver in controversial 100M breaststroke". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- Hagen, Paul (August 18, 2004). "Hansen comes up short in 200-meter breaststroke". The Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- Barry Svrluga (August 22, 2004). "U.S. Stirs a Medley of Perfection". Washington Post. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- "US team kicks over this result". The Boston Globe. August 16, 2004. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- "U.S. says swimmer used illegal kick". Archived from the original on October 26, 2012. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- "Men's 100 m breaststroke results" (PDF). Retrieved May 6, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Men's 200 m breaststroke results" (PDF). Retrieved May 6, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Men's 4 x 100m Medley Relay results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- "Men's 100 m breaststroke results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2009. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- "Men's 50 m breaststroke results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2009. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- KAREN CROUSE (August 26, 2008). "EIGHT FOR PHELPS". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- "Swimmer Hansen reunited with lost gold medal". Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- "Brendan Hansen". Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- Brendan Hansen – National Team swimmer profile at USASwimming.org
- Brendan Hansen at the United States Olympic Committee
- Brendan Hansen on Twitter
| Men's 100-meter breaststroke
world record-holder (long course)
July 8, 2004 – August 11, 2008
| Men's 200-meter breaststroke
world record-holder (long course)
July 11, 2004 – June 8, 2008