List of cat breeds

(Redirected from Breeds of cats)

The following list of cat breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic and wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed and lapsed (extinct) breeds.

As of 2023, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 73 standardized breeds,[1] the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes 45,[2] the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognizes 50,[3] the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) recognizes 45,[4] and the World Cat Federation (WCF) recognizes 69.[5]

Inconsistency in a breed's classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint variety of the Persian by the CFA, while the Javanese (or Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in both the TICA and the CFA; both breeds are merged (along with the Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, by the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. Also, "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to different breeds in other registries. There are many examples of nomenclatural overlap and differences of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be exotic sounding and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds;[6] the Balinese, Javanese, and Himalayan are all examples of this trend.

The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe "mongrel" or "bicolor" cats by coat length, ones that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries such as the Cat Fanciers' Association allow for domestic short hairs and domestic long hairs to be registered for the purpose of outcrossing.[7] They should not be confused with standardized breeds with similar names, such as the British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.

Breeds edit

Breed Location of origin Type Body type Coat type and length Coat pattern Image
Abyssinian[8] Unspecified, but somewhere in Afro-Asia, likely Ethiopia[9] Natural Semi-foreign Short Ticked tabby  
Aegean Greece Natural Moderate Semi-long Multi-color  
American Bobtail[10] United States[11] Mutation of shortened tail Cobby Semi-long All  
American Curl[12] United States[11] Mutation Semi-foreign Semi-long All  
American Ringtail United States[11] Mutation Foreign Semi-long All  
American Shorthair United States[11] Natural Cobby Short All  
American Wirehair United States[11] Mutation Normal Rex All  
Aphrodite Giant Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All  
Arabian Mau Arabian Peninsula Natural Moderate and muscular Short All  
Asian United Kingdom Crossbreed between the Burmese and Chinchilla Persians Moderate Short All without white and without siamese pointing  
Asian Semi-longhair United Kingdom Crossbreed between the Burmese and Chinchilla Persians Moderate Semi-long All without white and without siamese pointing  
Australian Mist Australia[13] Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, Burmese, and Australian short-haired cats[13] Moderate Short Spotted or marbled  
Balinese Developed in United States;[11]
foundation stock from Thailand
Mutation of the Siamese Semi-foreign Long Colorpoint  
Bambino United States[13] Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Sphynx[13] Dwarf Short Black + white hairless
Bengal Developed in United States,[13]
but created in Asia
Hybrid of the Abyssinian and Egyptian Mau × leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Large Short Spotted, marbled, or rosetted  
Birman Developed in France;
foundation stock from Burma (Myanmar)[11]
The original Birman was crossed with the Siamese and the Persian to create the Birman of today. Cobby Semi-long Mitted colorpoint  
Bombay United States and Burma (Myanmar) Crossbreed between the Black American Shorthair and Sable Burmese Cobby Short Solid black  
Brazilian Shorthair Brazil Natural Normal Short All  
British Longhair United Kingdom (England)[11] Natural Cobby Semi-long All  
British Shorthair United Kingdom (England)[11] Natural Cobby Short All[14]  
Burmese Burma (Myanmar)[11] Natural Semi-foreign or semi-cobby Short Solid and Tortoiseshell[15]  
Burmilla United Kingdom (England)[11] Crossbreed between the Burmese and the Chinchilla Persian Semi-cobby Short Solid with Shaded Silver and Silver Tipped patterns  
California Spangled United States[11] Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and British Shorthair Moderate Short Spotted tabby  
Chantilly-Tiffany United States Natural Cobby Long Solid, classic tabby, spotted tabby and ticked tabby  
Chartreux France[11] Natural Muscular; cobby Short Varying shades of blue  
Chausie United States Hybrid of the Abyssinian × jungle cat (Felis chaus) Normal Short Solid black, black grizzled tabby and black ticked tabby  
Colorpoint Shorthair United Kingdom (England) Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, Siamese and short-haired cats Foreign Short Colorpoint  
Cornish Rex Cornwall, England,

United Kingdom

Mutation Foreign Rex All  
Cymric, Manx Longhair or Long-haired Manx[a] Isle of Man, United States, and Canada [b][11] Mutation of the Manx (shortened tail) Semi-cobby Long All  
Cyprus Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All  
Devon Rex Buckfastleigh, Devon, England, United Kingdom Mutation Semi-foreign Rex All  
Donskoy or
Don Sphynx
Russia Mutation Semi-foreign Hairless Solid  
Dragon Li or
Chinese Li Hua
China Natural Normal Short Ticked tabby  
Dwelf United States Crossbreed between the American Curl, Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf Hairless All
Egyptian Mau Egypt[11] Natural Moderate and muscular Short Spotted tabby  
European Shorthair Continental Europe[11] Natural Moderate Short All  
Exotic Shorthair United States[11] Crossbreed between the American Shorthair and Persian Cobby Short All  
Foldex[16] Canada Crossbreed between the Exotic Shorthair and Scottish Fold Cobby Short All  
German Rex Germany[11] Mutation Semi-foreign Rex All  
Havana Brown United Kingdom (England);
foundation stock from Thailand
Crossbreed between the Siamese and black short-haired cats Semi-foreign Short Solid brown  
Highlander United States Crossbreed between the Desert Lynx and Jungle Curl Moderate Short/long All  
Himalayan or
Colorpoint Persian[c]
United States and United Kingdom[11] Crossbreed between the Persian and Siamese Cobby Long Colorpoint  
Japanese Bobtail Japan[d][11] Mutation of shortened tail Moderate Short/long All  
Javanese or
Colorpoint Longhair[e]
Developed in United States[11] and Canada;
foundation stock from Southeast Asia
Crossbreed between the Balinese (with some Colorpoint Shorthair), Oriental Longhair and Siamese Oriental Long Colorpoint  
Kanaani Israel[13] Hybrid of short-haired cats ×  African wildcat (Felis lybica) Semi-foreign Short Solid black, chocolate spotted tabby or cinnamon spotted tabby
Khao Manee Thailand[13] Natural Moderate Short Solid white  
Kinkalow United States Crossbreed between the Munchkin and American Curl Dwarf Short All  
Korat Thailand[11] Natural Semi-foreign or semi-cobby and muscular Short Solid blue  
Korean Bobtail Korea Natural, mutation of shortened tail Moderate Short/long All  
Korn Ja or Konja
[citation needed]
Thailand Natural Small Short Solid black
Kurilian Bobtail or
Kuril Islands Bobtail
Kuril Islands, North Pacific[13] Natural, mutation of shortened tail Semi-cobby Short/long[13] All  
Lambkin United States[11] Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Selkirk Rex Dwarf Rex All
LaPerm United States[11] Mutation Moderate Rex All  
Lykoi United States Mutation Moderate Sparse haired Black roan  
Maine Coon United States[11] Natural, crossbreed Large Semi-long/long All excluding chocolate and colourpoint  
Manx Isle of Man[11] Mutation of shortened tail Moderate Short/long All  
Mekong Bobtail Developed in Russia;
foundation stock ultimately from Southeast Asia[13]
Mutation of shortened tail Moderate Short Colorpoint  
Minskin United States[13] Crossbreed between the Munchkin, Burmese, Devon Rex, and Sphynx Dwarf Hairless All  
Minuet United States Crossbreed between the Persian and Munchkin Dwarf Short/long All  
Munchkin United States[11] Mutation of dwarf cat Dwarf Short/long All  
Nebelung United States[13] Natural, mutation Foreign Semi-long Solid blue  
Neva Masquerade (colorpoint Siberian)[f] Russia[13] Crossbreed between the Siberian and a colorpoint cat[18] Cobby[13] Long[13] Colorpoint  
Norwegian Forest Cat Norway[11] Natural Cobby Long Chocolate or orange and white bicolor  
Ocicat United States[11] Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and Siamese Large Short Spotted tabby  
Ojos Azules
(extinct)
United States[11] Crossbreed Moderate Short All  
Oriental Bicolor Developed in United States and United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe;
foundation stock ultimately from Thailand
Color variety of the Oriental Shorthair Oriental Short Bicolor  
Oriental Longhair[g] Developed in United States and United Kingdom;
foundation stock ultimately from Thailand[11]
Crossbreed between the Oriental Shorthair and long-haired cats Oriental Semi-long All; if colorpoint is considered to be a separate breed, it is called the Javanese  
Oriental Shorthair[g] Developed in United States and United Kingdom;
foundation stock ultimately from Thailand[11]
Crossbreed between the European Shorthair and Siamese Oriental Short All  
Persian (modern) Developed in United States and Europe;
foundation stock from Greater Iran[11]
Mutation of the Traditional Persian Cobby Long All but colorpoint  
Persian (traditional) Greater Iran[11] Natural, but some crossbreeding with the Turkish Angora Cobby Long All but colorpoint  
Peterbald Russia Crossbreed between the Donskoy, Oriental Shorthair and Siamese;
before this, it was between the Balinese and Javanese
Oriental Hairless, velour, brush, or straight coat All  
Pixie-bob United States[11] Mutation (falsely claimed to be a hybrid of the domestic cat and the bobcat (Lynx rufus) early on) Medium Short Spotted tabby  
Ragamuffin or
Liebling (obsolete)
United States Crossbreed between the Ragdoll with limited out-crossing to the Himalayan, the Persian, and other long-haired cats Cobby Long All  
Ragdoll United States[11] Behavioral mutation in a crossbreed, presumed to be between the Persian or Turkish Angora and the Birman or Burmese Cobby Long Colorpoint, mitted, or bicolor  
Raas Raas Island, Indonesia Natural Moderate Short Solid blue, solid cinnamon, or cinnamon colorpoint  
Russian Blue Russia[11] Natural Moderate, Oriental Short Solid blue  
Russian White, Russian Black and Russian Tabby Developed in Australia;
foundation stock from Russia
Crossbreeds between the Russian Blue and short-haired cats from Siberia, Russia Moderate Short Solid white, solid black and tabby
Sam Sawet Thailand Color variety of the Thai Moderate Short Solid
Savannah United States[13] Hybrid of the domestic catserval (Leptailurus serval)[19] Large Short Spotted  
Scottish Fold United Kingdom (Scotland)[11] Mutation of the bones and cartilage of the ears Cobby Short/long All  
Selkirk Rex United States in 1988[11] Mutation/crossbreed between the American Shorthair, Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair and British Shorthair Large and cobby Short/long (longhair, sometimes in early generations, can appear to be semi-long) All  
Serengeti United States Crossbreed/hybrid between the Bengal and Oriental Shorthair Oriental Short Spotted  
Siamese (modern)

(for traditional, see Thai)

Developed in United States and Europe;
foundation stock from Thailand[11]
Mutation of the Thai Oriental Short Colorpoint  
Siberian or
Siberian Forest Cat

(for colorpoint, see Neva Masquerade)

Russia, Ukraine[11] Natural Cobby[13] Long[13] All; except chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, and fawn[17]  
Singapura Developed in United States;
foundation stock from Singapore[11]
Possibly a mutation of a crossbreed (excluding the Munchkin), solving why they are so small Small Short Ticked tabby  
Snowshoe United States[11] Crossbreed between the American Shorthair and Siamese Moderate Short Mitted colorpoint  
Sokoke Kenya[13] Natural Moderate Short Ticked tabby  
Somali United States, Canada Mutation Cobby Long Ticked tabby  
Sphynx Canada, Europe[11] Mutation Oriental Hairless All  
Suphalak Thailand Natural Moderate Short Solid reddish-brown  
Thai or
Traditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese;
Wichien Maat[h]
Developed in Europe;[13]
foundation stock from Thailand[11]
Natural Moderate Short Colorpoint  
Thai Lilac, Thai Blue Point and Thai Lilac Point Thailand Color varieties of the Korat Moderate Short Solid lilac and colorpoint (blue point and lilac point only)  
Tonkinese Canada, United States[11] Crossbreed between the Burmese and Siamese Oriental Short Colorpoint, mink, or solid  
Toybob Russia Mutation Dwarf Short All
Toyger United States[13] Crossbreed/hybrid between the Bengal and short-haired cats Moderate Short Mackerel tabby  
Turkish Angora Turkey[11] Natural Semi-cobby Semi-long All  
Turkish Van[i] Developed in United Kingdom;
foundation stock from Turkey[13]
Natural Semi-cobby Semi-long Van pattern  
Turkish Vankedisi
(white variety of Turkish Van)[i]
Developed in United Kingdom;
foundation stock from Turkey[13]
Natural Svelte Long Solid white  
Ukrainian Levkoy Ukraine Crossbreed between the Donskoy and Scottish Fold Moderate Hairless Solid gray  
York Chocolate New York, United States Natural Moderate Long Solid chocolate, solid lilac and solid taupe or any of these colors with white  

See also edit

Explanatory notes edit

  1. ^ The Cymric is often classed as a long-haired variety of the Manx rather than a separate breed, e.g. as the "Semi-longhair Manx Variant" in GCCF.
  2. ^ There may be some dispute to the exact origins of the Cymric. The specific dominant autosomal gene (M) that causes the short tail of the Cymric was found in the cats living on the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea; however, the breed itself was developed by a Canadian breeder named Blair Wright and an American breeder named Leslie Falteisek in the 1960s from the Isle of Man population.
  3. ^ Some registries, such as CFA and TICA, classify the Himalayan as a colorpoint variety of the Persian. Others classify it as a long-haired sub-breed of the Siamese. WCF has combined the Himalayan, the Colorpoint Shorthair and the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair into a single breed, the Colourpoint.
  4. ^ Due to artifacts and prints dating from as early as the 11th century found in many Eastern countries, there is some likelihood these cats may have originated in China, then were brought to Japan. However, the first known importation of Japanese Bobtails was from Japan in the 1960s.
  5. ^ "Colorpoint Longhair" has multiple meanings and "Javanese" has been used for at least one other breed; WCF uses the "Javanese" name for the Oriental Longhair (not colorpointed). WCF has also merged the colorpointed Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair, the Himalayan and the Colorpoint Shorthair of other registries into a single breed, the Colourpoint. In CFA and TICA, and some other registries, the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair has been merged back into the Balinese as a breed division.
  6. ^ The Neva Masquerade is classified as a separate breed in several (inter)national registries, such as FIFe.[17] However, other registries classify the Neva Masquerade as a natural colorpoint variety of the Siberian cat.
  7. ^ a b In some registries, including the CFA, the Oriental Shorthair and Oriental Longhair are a single breed, the Oriental, with two divisions (shorthair and longhair).
  8. ^ Thai is a recently established new name for the original, rounder-faced, thicker-bodied Siamese.
  9. ^ a b The Turkish Van breed, and especially its "Turkish Vankedisi" variant, are often confused with the Van cat (Van kedisi in Turkish), a landrace (not breed) of cats native to the Lake Van region of Turkey. The Turkish Van and recent "Vankedisi" coat pattern have no known connection to cats from this region, but they are often confused due to the name similarity and incorrect claims sometimes made by breeders.

References edit

  1. ^ "Browse All Breeds". TICA.org. The International Cat Association. 31 July 2018. Archived from the original on 26 January 2022. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  2. ^ "CFA Breeds". CFA.org. Cat Fanciers' Association. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  3. ^ "FIFe List of Breeds". FIFeWeb.org. Fédération Internationale Féline. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2023.
  4. ^ "Analysis of Breeds Registered". GCCFCats.org. Governing Council of the Cat Fancy. Retrieved 25 March 2023.
  5. ^ "WCF Breeds Recognized". WCF.info. World Cat Federation. Retrieved 25 March 2023.
  6. ^ Somerville, Louisa (2007). The Ultimate Guide to Cat Breeds. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780785822646. There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of distinctly Oriental type. It has been adopted simply because of the tradition which has grown up for using the names of countries and islands from south-eastern Asia for other Oriental breeds, such as the Siamese and Balinese.
  7. ^ "Registration Certificate". Catalog.CFA.org. Cat Fanciers' Association. Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  8. ^ "Abyssinian at a Glance". TICA.org. The International Cat Association. 13 April 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  9. ^ "Abyssinian Profile", Catz Inc., accessed 4 October 2009
  10. ^ "The American Bobtail Breed". 13 April 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au Paragon, Bernard-Marie; Vaissaire, Jean-Pierre; et al. (2005) [2001, 2003]. The Royal Canin Cat Encyclopedia. Paris: Royal Canin / Aniwa Publishing. This is a four-volume work, but all entries are alphabetical by breed, so volume and page number citations are superfluous.
  12. ^ "The American Curl Breed". 28 January 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Baggaley, Ann; Goddard, Jolyon; John, Katie (2014). The Cat Cncyclopedia: The Definitive Visual Guide (1st American ed.). London: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 978-1-4654-1959-0. OCLC 859882932.
  14. ^ "British shorthair breed standard" (PDF). GCCFCats.org. Governing Council of the Cat Fancy.
  15. ^ "Burmese breed introduction". TICA.org. The International Cat Association. Retrieved 28 March 2023.
  16. ^ "The Foldex". showcatsonline.com. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  17. ^ a b "Breed standards Category 2 - Siberian and Neva Masquerade" (PDF). FIFeWeb.org. Fédération Internationale Féline. 1 January 2023.
  18. ^ World Cat Congress (2017). The Royal Canin Cat Encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Royal Canin. This is a revised one-volume edition, and was only available through RC retailers.
  19. ^ "Savannah Breed". TICA.org. The International Cat Association. 13 August 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2024.