The following list of cat breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic and wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed and lapsed (extinct) breeds.
As of 2019, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 73 standardized breeds, the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes 45, and the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognizes 48.
Inconsistency in a breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint variety of the Persian by the CFA, while the Javanese (or Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in both the TICA and the CFA; both breeds are merged (along with the Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, by the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. Also, "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to different breeds in other registries. There are many examples of nomenclatural overlap and differences of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be exotic sounding and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds; the Balinese, Javanese, and Himalayan are all examples of this trend.
The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe "mongrel" cats by coat length, ones that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries permit them to be pedigreed and they have been used as foundation stock in the establishment of some breeds. They should not be confused with standardized breeds with similar names, such as the British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.
|Breed||Location of origin||Type||Body type||Coat type and length||Coat pattern||Image|
|Abyssinian||Unspecified, but somewhere in Afro-Asia, likely Ethiopia||Natural||Semi-foreign||Short||Ticked tabby|
|American Bobtail||the United States||Mutation||Cobby||Semi-long||All|
|American Curl||the United States||Mutation||Semi-foreign||Semi-long||All|
|American Ringtail||the United States||Mutation||Foreign||Semi-long||All|
|American Shorthair||the United States||Natural||Cobby||Short||All|
|American Wirehair||the United States||Mutation||Normal||Rex||All|
|Aphrodite Giant||Cyprus||Natural||Lean and muscular||All||All|
|Arabian Mau||the Arabian Peninsula||Natural||Moderate and muscular||Short||All|
|Asian||Developed in the United Kingdom;
foundation stock from Asia
|Asian Semi-longhair||the United Kingdom||Crossbreed between the Burmese and long-haired cats||Cobby||Semi-long||Evenly solid|
|Australian Mist||Australia||Crossbreed between the Abyssinian and Burmese||Moderate||Short||Spotted or marbled|
|Balinese||Developed in the United States;
foundation stock from Thailand
|Mutation of the Siamese||Semi-foreign||Long||Colorpoint|
|Bambino||the United States||Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Sphynx||Dwarf||Rex|
|Bengal||Developed in the United States,
but created in Asia
|Hybrid of the Abyssinian and Egyptian Mau × leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)||Large||Short||Spotted, marbled, or rosetted|
|Birman||Developed in France;
foundation stock from Burma (Myanmar)
|The original Birman was crossed with the Siamese and the Persian to create the Birman of today.||Cobby||Semi-long||Mitted colorpoint|
|Bombay||the United States and Burma (Myanmar)||Crossbreed between the Black American Shorthair and Sable Burmese||Cobby||Short||Solid black|
|British Longhair||the United Kingdom (England)||Natural||Cobby||Semi-long||All|
|British Shorthair||the United Kingdom (England)||Natural||Cobby||Short||All|
|Burmese||Burma (Myanmar)||Natural||Semi-foreign or semi-cobby||Short||Solid or tortoiseshell|
|Burmilla||the United Kingdom (England)||Crossbreed between the Brown Tortie Burmese and the Chinchilla Persian||Semi-cobby||Short||Solid with Shaded Silver and Silver Tipped patterns|
|California Spangled||the United States||Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and British Shorthair||Moderate||Short||Spotted tabby|
|Chantilly-Tiffany||the United States||Natural||Cobby||Long||Solid, classic tabby, spotted tabby and ticked tabby|
|Chartreux||France||Natural||Muscular; cobby||Short||Varying shades of blue|
|Chausie||the United States||Hybrid of the Abyssinian × jungle cat (Felis chaus)||Normal||Short||Solid black, black grizzled tabby and black ticked tabby|
|Colorpoint Shorthair||the United Kingdom (England)||Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, Siamese and short-haired cats||Foreign||Short||Colorpoint|
|Cornish Rex||Cornwall, England,
the United Kingdom
|Cymric, Manx Longhair or Long-haired Manx[a]||the Isle of Man, the United States, and Canada [b]||Mutation of the Manx||Semi-cobby||Long||All|
|Cyprus||Cyprus||Natural||Lean and muscular||All||All|
|Devon Rex||Buckfastleigh, Devon, England, the United Kingdom||Mutation||Semi-foreign||Rex||All|
|Dragon Li or
Chinese Li Hua
|Dwelf||the United States||Crossbreed between the American Curl, Munchkin and Sphynx||Dwarf||Hairless||All|
|Egyptian Mau||Egypt||Natural||Moderate and muscular||Short||Spotted tabby|
|European Shorthair||Continental Europe||Natural||Moderate||Short||All|
|Exotic Shorthair||the United States||Crossbreed between the American Shorthair and Persian||Cobby||Short||All|
|Foldex||Canada||Crossbreed between the Exotic Shorthair and Scottish Fold||Cobby||Short||All|
|Havana Brown||the United Kingdom (England);
foundation stock from Thailand
|Crossbreed between the Siamese and black short-haired cats||Semi-foreign||Short||Solid brown|
|Highlander||the United States||Crossbreed between the Desert Lynx and Jungle Curl||Moderate||Short/long||All|
|the United States and the United Kingdom||Crossbreed between the Persian and Siamese||Cobby||Long||Colorpoint|
|Developed in the United States and Canada;
foundation stock from Southeast Asia
|Crossbreed between the Balinese (with some Colorpoint Shorthair), Oriental Longhair and Siamese||Oriental||Long||Colorpoint|
|Kanaani||Germany||Hybrid of short-haired cats × African wildcat (Felis lybica)||Semi-foreign||Short||Solid black, chocolate spotted tabby or cinnamon spotted tabby|
|Khao Manee||Thailand||Natural||Moderate||Short||Solid white|
|Kinkalow||the United States||Crossbreed between the Munchkin and American Curl||Dwarf||Short||All|
|Korat||Thailand||Natural||Semi-foreign or semi-cobby and muscular||Short||Solid blue|
|Korean Bobtail||Korea||Natural, mutation||Moderate||Short/long||Colorpoint|
|Korn Ja||Thailand||Natural||Small||Short||Solid black|
|Kurilian Bobtail or
Kuril Islands Bobtail
|Eastern Russia and Japan||Natural, mutation||Semi-cobby||Short/long||All|
|Lambkin||the United States||Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Selkirk Rex||Dwarf||Rex||All|
|LaPerm||the United States||Mutation||Moderate||Rex||All|
|Lykoi||the United States||Mutation||Moderate||Hairless||Solid black roan|
|Maine Coon||the United States||Natural, crossbreed||Large||Semi-long/long||All|
|Manx||the Isle of Man||Mutation||Moderate||Short/long||All|
|Minskin||the United States||Crossbreed between the Munchkin, Burmese, Devon Rex, and Sphynx||Dwarf||Hairless||All|
|Minuet||the United States||Crossbreed between the Persian and Munchkin||Dwarf||Short/long||All|
|Munchkin||the United States||Mutation||Dwarf||Short/long||All|
|Nebelung||the United States||Natural, mutation||Foreign||Semi-long||Solid blue|
|Norwegian Forest Cat||Norway||Natural||Cobby||Long||All but colorpoint|
|Ocicat||the United States||Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and Siamese||Large||Short||Spotted tabby|
|Ojos Azules||the United States||Crossbreed||Moderate||Short||All|
|the United States||Mutation||Rex|
|Oriental Bicolor||Developed in the United States and the United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe;
foundation stock ultimately from Thailand
|Color variety of the Oriental Shorthair||Oriental||Short||Bicolor|
|Oriental Longhair[f]||Developed in the United States and the United Kingdom;
foundation stock ultimately from Thailand
|Crossbreed between the Oriental Shorthair and long-haired cats||Oriental||Semi-long||All; if colorpoint is considered to be a separate breed, it is called the Javanese|
|Oriental Shorthair[f]||Developed in the United States and the United Kingdom;
foundation stock ultimately from Thailand
|Crossbreed between the European Shorthair and Siamese||Oriental||Short||All|
|Persian (modern)||Developed in the United States and Europe;
foundation stock from Greater Iran
|Mutation of the Traditional Persian||Cobby||Long||All but colorpoint|
|Persian (traditional)||Greater Iran||Natural, but some crossbreeding with the Turkish Angora||Cobby||Long||All but colorpoint|
|Peterbald||Russia||Crossbreed between the Donskoy, Oriental Shorthair and Siamese;
before this, it was between the Balinese and Javanese
|Oriental||Hairless, velour, brush, or straight coat||All|
|Pixie-bob||the United States||Mutation (falsely claimed to be a hybrid of the domestic cat and the bobcat (Lynx rufus) early on)||Medium||Short||Spotted tabby|
|the United States||Crossbreed between the Ragdoll with limited out-crossing to the Himalayan, the Persian, and other long-haired cats||Cobby||Long||All|
|Ragdoll||the United States||Behavioral mutation in a crossbreed, presumed to be between the Persian or Turkish Angora and the Birman or Burmese||Cobby||Long||Colorpoint, mitted, or bicolor|
|Raas||Raas Island, Indonesia||Natural||Moderate||Short||Solid blue, solid cinnamon, or cinnamon colorpoint|
|Russian Blue||Russia||Natural||Moderate, Oriental||Short||Solid blue|
|Russian White, Russian Black and Russian Tabby||Developed in Australia;
foundation stock from Russia
|Crossbreeds between the Russian Blue and short-haired cats from Siberia, Russia||Moderate||Short||Solid white, solid black and tabby|
|Sam Sawet||Thailand||Color variety of the Thai||Moderate||Short||Solid|
|Savannah||the United States||Hybrid of the domestic cat x serval (Leptailurus serval)||Large||Short||Spotted|
|Scottish Fold||the United Kingdom (Scotland)||Mutation of the bones and cartilage of the ears||Cobby||Short/long||All|
|Selkirk Rex||the United States in 1988||Mutation/crossbreed between the American Shorthair, Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair and British Shorthair||Large and cobby||Short/long (longhair, sometimes in early generations, can appear to be semi-long)||All|
|Serengeti||the United States||Crossbreed/hybrid between the Bengal and Oriental Shorthair||Oriental||Short||Spotted|
|Serrade Petit||France||Natural||Semi-cobby||Short||Solid tan, solid orange and solid white|
||Developed in the United States and Europe;
foundation stock from Thailand
|Mutation of the Thai||Oriental||Short||Colorpoint|
Siberian Forest Cat;
Neva Masquerade (colorpoint variety)
|Russia, Ukraine||Natural||Semi-cobby||Semi-long||All; except chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, and fawn|
|Singapura||Developed in the United States;
foundation stock from Singapore
|Possibly a mutation of a crossbreed (excluding the Munchkin), solving why they are so small||Small||Short||Ticked tabby|
|Snowshoe||the United States||Crossbreed between the American Shorthair and Siamese||Moderate||Short||Mitted colorpoint|
|Somali||the United States, Canada||Mutation||Cobby||Long||Ticked tabby|
Traditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese;
|Thai Lilac, Thai Blue Point and Thai Lilac Point||Thailand||Color varieties of the Korat||Moderate||Short||Solid lilac and colorpoint (blue point and lilac point only)|
|Tonkinese||Canada, the United States||Crossbreed between the Burmese and Siamese||Oriental||Short||Colorpoint, mink, or solid|
|Toyger||the United States||Crossbreed/hybrid between the Bengal and short-haired cats||Moderate||Short||Mackerel tabby|
|Turkish Van||Developed in the United Kingdom (England);
foundation stock from Turkey
|Turkish Vankedisi||Turkey||Natural||Svelte||Long||Solid white|
|Ukrainian Levkoy||Ukraine||Crossbreed between the Donskoy and Scottish Fold||Moderate||Hairless||Solid gray|
|York Chocolate||New York, the United States||Natural||Moderate||Long||Solid chocolate, solid lilac and solid taupe or any of these colors with white|
This section possibly contains original research. (August 2020)
- The Cymric is often classed as a long-haired variety of the Manx rather than a separate breed, e.g. as the "Semi-longhair Manx Variant" in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF).
- There may be some dispute to the exact origins of the Cymric. The specific dominant autosomal gene (M) that causes the short tail of the Cymric was found in the cats living on the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea; however, the breed itself was developed by a Canadian breeder named Blair Wright and an American breeder named Leslie Falteisek in the 1960s from the Isle of Man population.
- Some registries, such as the CFA and the TICA, classify the Himalayan as a colorpoint variety of the Persian. Others classify it as a long-haired sub-breed of the Siamese. The WCF has combined the Himalayan, the Colorpoint Shorthair and the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair into a single breed, the Colourpoint.
- Due to artifacts and prints dating from as early as the 11th century found in many Eastern countries, there is some likelihood these cats may have originated in China, then were brought to Japan. However, the first known importation of Japanese Bobtails was from Japan in the 1960s.
- "Colorpoint Longhair" has multiple meanings and "Javanese" has been used for at least one other breed; the WCF uses the "Javanese" name for the Oriental Longhair (not colorpointed). The WCF has also merged the colorpointed Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair, the Himalayan and the Colorpoint Shorthair of other registries into a single breed, the Colourpoint. In the CFA, the TICA and some other registries, the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair has been merged back into the Balinese as a breed division.
- In some registries, including the CFA, the Oriental Shorthair and Oriental Longhair are a single breed, the Oriental, with two divisions (shorthair and longhair).
- Thai is a recently established new name for the original, rounder-faced, thicker-bodied Siamese.
This article has an unclear citation style.(August 2020)
- "Browse All Breeds". 31 July 2018. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
- "CFA Breeds". Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
- "Breed Standards". Archived from the original on 18 February 2013.
- Somerville, Louisa (2007). The Ultimate Guide to Cat Breeds. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780785822646.
There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of distinctly Oriental type. It has been adopted simply because of the tradition which has grown up for using the names of countries and islands from south-eastern Asia for other Oriental breeds, such as the Siamese and Balinese.
- "Abyssinian at a Glance". 13 April 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
- "Abyssinian Profile", Catz Inc., accessed 4 October 2009
- "The American Bobtail Breed". 13 April 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
- "The Royal Canin Cat Encyclopedia", Aniwa Publishing: Paris, 2005.
- "The American Curl Breed". 28 January 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
- "The Foldex". showcatsonline.com. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- "Breed standards Category 2 - Siberian and Neva Masquerade" (PDF). Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe). 2023-01-01.