Brazo de Oro (wrestler)

Jesús Alvarado Nieves ([xeˈsus a̠l.β̞a̠ˈɾa̠.ð̞o̞ ˈnjeβ̞es] October 7, 1959 – April 28, 2017) was a Mexican luchador, or professional wrestler, who worked under the ring name Brazo de Oro ([ˈbɾa̠.so̞ ð̞e̞ ˈo.ɾo] Spanish for "Golden Arm"). He was a part of the Alvarado wrestling family, the son of Shadito Cruz and brother of Brazo de Plata, El Brazo, Brazo Cibernético, Super Brazo and Brazo de Platino. His son Felipe de Jesús Alvarado Mendoza currently works as La Máscara for Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre. His nephews, Máximo Sexy and Psycho Clown are featured wrestlers for CMLL and Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide respectively.

Brazo de Oro
Brazo de Oro mask.png
The mask of Brazo de Oro (same "bicep" design is used for all Brazos masks)
Birth nameJesús Alvarado Nieves
Born(1959-10-07)October 7, 1959[1]
Mexico City , Mexico[2]
DiedApril 28, 2017(2017-04-28) (aged 57)[3]
Mexico City , Mexico[2]
Cause of deathHeart attack[2]
Spouse(s)Lady Apache (divorced)
ChildrenFelipe de Jesús Alvarado Mendoza (son)
Aramís (daughter)
Professional wrestling career
Ring name(s)Brazo de Oro
El Hombre del Brazo de Oro
Billed height1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)
Billed weight100 kg (220 lb)
Billed fromMexico City, Mexico
Trained byShadito Cruz[2]
Felipe Ham Lee[2]
Debut1975[4]
Retired2015

Alvarado made his debut in 1975 and for over a decade wrestled under a wrestling mask, until he and his brothers Brazo de Plata and El Brazo lost a Lucha de Apuestas match to Los Villanos in 1988 and was forced to unmask. Over the years he has teamed with his brothers to win various championships such as the CMLL World Trios Championship, Mexican National Tag Team Championship, Mexican National Trios Championship, NWA Americas Tag Team Championship, NWA World Tag Team Championship (Los Angeles version), UWA World Tag Team Championship, UWA World Trios Championship, WWA World Tag Team Championship and WWA World Trios Championship. He started focusing more on behind the scenes activities in the early 1990s, where he worked as one of the bookers for CMLL and served as the head of the wrestlers' union for many years.

Early lifeEdit

Jesús Alvarado Nieves was born on October 7, 1959, in Mexico City, Mexico, the youngest son of Juan Alvarado Ibarra, better known as professional wrestler Shadito Cruz. Growing up Jesús Alvarado often had to look after his younger brothers, especially when his father was touring Mexico, wrestling several days a week. In a 1991 interview, he recalled how he did not have time to play with other boys, as he was watching over all the Alvarado kids while both his father and mother had to work to make ends meet. At one point he began taking his younger brothers Juan and Pepe to the local wrestling arenas where they sold old wrestling magazines and worked as ushers for tips.[2] Jesús Alvarado began training for a professional wrestling career while still a teenager, despite the misgivings of his father. Local promoter and trainer Felipe Ham Lee began training Alavardo and helped convince his father to let his oldest son train for a wrestling career.[2] When his son was ready to make his in-ring debut Shadito Cruz allowed him to use one of Cruz' old ring names "El Hombre de Brazo de Oro" ("The man with the golden arm"), based on a movie starring Frank Sinatra, but the younger Alvarado soon shortened to simply "Brazo de Oro".[2]

Pro wrestling careerEdit

Alvarado made his debut as "Brazo de Oro" an enmascarado (masked wrestler) who worked mainly in tag team action with his brother who worked as Brazo de Plata ("Silver Arm") and in trios action with another brother known simply as El Brazo ("the arm"). Los Brazos, as they were billed, wrestled all over Mexico and made appearances for the Los Angeles-based "NWA Hollywood Wrestling". While working for NWA Hollywood Oro and Plata won the NWA Americas Tag Team Championship from Chino Chou and the Kiss on November 7, 1981.[5] The brothers were also last holders of the Los Angeles version of the NWA World Tag Team Championship in 1982.[6]

Losing the masksEdit

Over the years Brazo de Oro and his brothers competed in a large number of Luchas de Apuestas ("Bet fights") where they put their masks or hair on the line against their opponents. Los Brazo's most famous Luchas de Apuestas occurred on October 21, 1988 when Plata, Oro and El Brazo all placed their masks on the line in a match against another well known Lucha libre family, Los Villanos, in this case Villano I, Villano IV and Villano V. The match was the culmination of a long feud (Storyline) between the two families and saw all six wrestlers bleed profusely during the bout. In the end Los Villanos won the match forcing all three Brazos to unmask and reveal their real names as is tradition in these types of matches. Despite losing their masks Los Brazos remained successful in the ring winning various tag team and trios titles such as the UWA World Tag Team Championship,[7] UWA World Trios Championship,[8] WWA World Tag Team Championship[9] and the WWA World Trios Championship[10]

By the 1990s Los Brazos worked mainly for Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL) where Oro, Plato and El Brazo won the CMLL World Trios Championship from Los Infernales (Pirata Morgan, El Satánico and MS-1) on April 6, 1993. Los Brazos lost the title to Dr. Wagner Jr., Gran Markus Jr. and El Hijo del Gladiador.[11] In the 1990s Brazo de Oro became the head of the wrestler's union,[3] and also worked as a booker for CMLL. From that point on he only wrestled occasionally, on smaller CMLL shows outside of Mexico. In 2006 he announced his retirement, but ended up working select dates and matches until 2015 where he had his last known match.[12]

Personal lifeEdit

The Alvarado wrestling family spans three generations starting with Shadito Cruz followed by his 6 sons who all took up wrestling,[13] as well as a third generation of Alvarados who followed in their father or grandfather's footsteps. Jesús Alvarado's younger brothers all adopted a variation of the "Brazo" name that he had made popular, as the began wrestling as El Brazo ("The Arm"), Brazo de Plata ("Silver Arm"), Brazo Cibernético ("Cyborg Arm"), Brazo de Platino ("Platinum Arm") and Super Brazo (Super Arm).[14] At least one of Jesús Alvarado's children followed in his footsteps as his son, Felipe de Jesús Alvarado Mendoza, began his wrestling career under the name "Brazo de Oro Jr." He later changed his name and became better known as La Máscara when all of the then-active third generation Alvarados stopped using the "Brazo" name and created their own independent characters.[14] In 2013 his daughter made her in-ring debut under the name "Aramís", wearing a modified version of the Brazos mask.[15]

DeathEdit

Alvarado was rushed to a Mexico City hospital in the early hours of April 28, 2017, due to respiratory problems.[4] A few hours later he died of a heart attack.[2]

Alvarado family treeEdit

† = deceased

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shadito Cruz
 
Ana Nieves †
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Apache
 
Brazo de Oro †
 
El Brazo
 
Brazo de Plata
 
 
Brazo Cibernético
 
Brazo de Platino
 
Super Brazo
 
La Alimaña
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aramís
 
La Máscara
 
El Brazo Jr.
 
 
 
Maximo
 
 
 
Robin
 
 
 
 
Super Brazo Jr.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Psycho Clown
 
 
India Sioux
 
 
 
Brazo Cibernético II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goya Kong
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Danah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Championships and accomplishmentsEdit

  • Federación Internacional de Lucha Libre
  • FILL Trios Championship (1 time) – with Brazo de Plata and El Brazo[19]
  • Mexican regional wrestling
  • Distrito Federal Trios Championship (1 time) – with Brazo de Plata and El Brazo[20]
  • Distrito Federal Welterweight Championship (1 time)[21]
  • Distrito Federal Heavyweight Championship (1 time)[22]
  • Puebla Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Brazo de Plata[19]
  • Mexico State Welterweight Championship (1 time)[19]
  • Naucalpan Welterweight Championship (1 time)[19]

Lucha de Apuesta recordEdit

Winner (wager) Loser (wager) Location Event Date Notes
Brazo de Oro (hair) Roberto Paz (hair) N/A Live event N/A [4][23]
Brazo de Oro (hair) Atila (hair) N/A Live event N/A [23]
Brazo de Oro (hair) Frankenstein (mask) N/A Live event N/A [23]
Brazo de Oro (hair) Mohicano I (hair) N/A Live event N/A [23]
Ringo Mendoza (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) N/A Live event N/A [23]
Dr. Wagner Jr. (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) N/A Live event N/A [23][24]
Brazo de Oro (mask) Golden Rogers (mask) Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua Live event 1977 [a][23]
Brazo de Oro (mask) El Texano (mask) Naucalpan, Mexico State Live event December 4, 1977 [4][23]
Los Brazos (mask)
(Brazo de Oro and Brazo de Plata)
El Migra I and El Migra II (mask) N/A Live event 1978 [3][23]
Brazo de Oro (hair) Águila Roja (hair) Monterrey, Nuevo León Live event January 29, 1978 [b][23]
Los Brazos (mask)
(Brazo de Oro and Brazo de Plata)
Danny Grimaldo and Tauro (mask) Naucalpan, Mexico State Live event February 21, 1979 [23]
Los Brazos (mask)
(Brazo de Oro and Brazo de Plata)
Los Wrestling (I and II) (mask) Mexico City Live event July 12, 1981 [23][25]
Los Brazos (mask)
(Brazo de Oro and Brazo de Plata)
Enfermero II and Flama Azul (mask) Mexico City Live event August 22, 1982 [c][3][23]
Brazo de Oro (mask) Orión (mask) Pachuca, Hidalgo Live event February 27, 1983 [4][23]
Brazo de Oro (mask) Babe Face (hair) N/A Live event August 1985 [4][23]
Brazo de Oro (mask) Ultraman (mask) Tijuana, Baja California Live event September 3, 1987 [4][23]
Los Villanos (masks)
(Villano I, Villano IV and Villano V)
Los Brazos (mask)
(El Brazo, Brazo de Oro and Brazo de Plata)
Monterrey, Nuevo León Live event October 21, 1988 [13][23]
Brazo de Oro (hair) El Signo (hair) Mexico City Live event November 28, 1990

[4][26]

El Hijo del Santo (mask) Brazo de Oro (hair) Naucalpan, Mexico State Live event January 13, 1991 [27]
Sangre Chicana (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Mexico City Live event June 19, 1992 [28]
Brazo de Oro (hair) Troglodita (hair) Mexico City Live event December 20, 1992 [28]
Brazo de Oro (hair) Popitekus (hair) Mexico City Live event November 6, 1993 [3][29]
El Brazo (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Mexico City Live event March 31, 1995 [d][23]
Rambo (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Mexico City Live event 1996 [30]
Gran Markus, Jr. (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Mexico City 42. Aniversario de Arena México April 24, 1998 [31][32]
Los Brazos (hair)
(El Brazo de Oro and Brazo Cibernetico)
Las Bestias Negras (hair)
(Bestian Negra I, II and III)
Celaya, Guanajuato Live event April 22, 1999 [33]
El Satánico (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Mexico City Live event November 29, 1999 [33]
Brazo de Oro (hair) Valentín Mayo (hair) Mexico City Live event May 11, 2000 [34]
El Signo (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Oaxaca, Oaxaca Live event February 11, 2001 [35]
Negro Navarro (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Nezahualcóyotl, Mexico State Live event June 1, 2001 [35]
Brazo de Oro (hair) Toro Salvaje (hair) Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas Live event December 2001 [35]
Villano III (mask) Brazo de Oro (hair) Naucalpan, Mexico State Live event August 8, 2002 [36]
Nitro (mask) Brazo de Oro (hair) Tlalnepantla, Mexico State Live event April 16, 2003 [e][37]
Los Brazos (hair)
(Brazo de Oro and Super Brazo)
Bestial and Impacto (hair) Cuernavaca, Morelos Live event January 15, 2004 [38]
Villano III (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) N/A Live event July 11, 2004 [f][36][38]
Villano IV (mask) Brazo de Oro (hair) Acapulco, Guerrero Live event November 20, 2004 [g][38]
Villano III (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Querétaro Live event January 3, 2006 [36][39]
Cesar Dántes (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Guadalajara, Jalisco Live event July 16, 2007 [h][40]
Exterminador (hair) Brazo de Oro (hair) Guadalajara, Jalisco Live event December 7, 2007 [40]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Brazo de Oro, El Hijo del Santo and Huracán Ramírez against Rogers and Atila and Saeta Azteca
  2. ^ Lost a Relevos suicidas vs. Senor Tormenta and Jungla Negra II.
  3. ^ Finals of a 24 man tournament
  4. ^ Triangle match that also included Brazo de Plata
  5. ^ This was a steel cage match with Pierroth, Jr., Violencia, Brazo de Oro, Jr. and Brazo de Plata.
  6. ^ Losers of a match a week earlier vs. Shocker and Perro Aguayo, Jr.
  7. ^ Los Brazos vs. Los Villanos steel cage match.
  8. ^ This was a steel cage match that also included Brazo de Platino, Super Brazo, Danger and Asesino Negro.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Muere el luchador Jesús Alvarado Nieves, mejor conocido como el "Brazo de Oro"". El Mundo de Techucán (in Spanish). April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ocampo, Ernesto (April 28, 2017). Ocampo, Ernesto (ed.). "Descanse en paz Jesús Alvarado Nieves, el Brazo de Oro". SúperLuchas (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresos Camsam, SA de CV. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Murió el luchador Brazo de Oro". La Opinión (in Spanish). April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "La lucha libre está de luto; falleció Brazo de Oro". MedioTiempo (in Spanish). MSN. April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "CALIFORNIA: NWA Americas Tag Team Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. pp. 296–297. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  6. ^ a b Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Los Angeles: World Tag Team title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 299. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  7. ^ a b Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2006). "Mexico: UWA World Tag Team Title". Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. p. 396. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  8. ^ a b Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: Universal Wrestling Federation Welterweight Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 398. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  9. ^ a b Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: WWA Tag Team Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 401. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  10. ^ a b Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: WWA Trios Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 401. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  11. ^ a b Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO: National Trios Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Pennsylvania, USA: Archeus Communications. p. 393. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  12. ^ "Brazo de Oro > Matches". CageMatch. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  13. ^ a b Various (2005). "Los Brazo Familia Ejemplar / The Brazo a Model Family". Lucha Libre: Masked Superstars of Mexican Wrestling. Distributed Art Publishers, Inc. pp. 187–190. ISBN 968-6842-48-9.
  14. ^ a b Madigan, Dan (2007). "A family Affair". Mondo Lucha a Go Go: the bizarre& honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperColins Publisher. pp. 224–228. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
  15. ^ "Aramis". Wrestling Data. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  16. ^ Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: National Tag Team Titles". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. pp. 396–397. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  17. ^ a b "Los Reyes de Mexico: La Historia de Los Campeonatos Nacionales". Lucha 2000 (in Spanish). December 20, 2004. Especial 21.
  18. ^ Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO: National Trios Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 393. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  19. ^ a b c d Enciclopedia staff (July 2007). "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Brazo de Oro (in Spanish). Mexico. p. 40. Tomo I.
  20. ^ Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO: Districto Federal Trios Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 401. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  21. ^ Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO: Districto Federal Welterweight Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 402. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  22. ^ Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO: Districto Federal Heavyweight Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 401. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Enciclopedia staff (July 2007). "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras". Brazo, Brazo de Oro, Brazo de Plata (in Spanish). Mexico. pp. 39–41. Tomo I.
  24. ^ "Lucha Libre: Conoce la historia de las leyendas de cuadrilátero". Dr. Wagner Jr. (1965) (in Spanish). Mexico. 2008. pp. 20–22. Grandes Figuras de la Lucha Libre.
  25. ^ Centinela, Teddy (July 12, 2015). "En un día como hoy… 1966: Dr. Wagner rapa a Raúl Reyes… 1981: Torneo de la Muerte en el Palacio de los Deportes". SuperLuchas Magazine (in Spanish). Retrieved July 1, 2015.
  26. ^ "1990 Especial!". Box y Lucha Magazine (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresora y Encuaderanadora Glem S.A. de C.V. January 8, 1991. pp. 2–28. ISSN 2007-0896. 1968.
  27. ^ "1991 Especial!". Box y Lucha Magazine (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresora y Encuaderanadora Glem S.A. de C.V. January 9, 1992. pp. 2–28. ISSN 2007-0896. 2020.
  28. ^ a b "1992 Especial!". Box y Lucha Magazine (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresora y Encuaderanadora Glem S.A. de C.V. January 10, 1993. pp. 2–28. ISSN 2007-0896. 2072.
  29. ^ "1993 Especial!". Box y Lucha Magazine (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresora y Encuaderanadora Glem S.A. de C.V. January 7, 1994. pp. 2–28. ISSN 2007-0896. 2214.
  30. ^ "1996 Especial!". Box y Lucha Magazine (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresora y Encuaderanadora Glem S.A. de C.V. January 10, 1997. pp. 2–28. ISSN 2007-0896. 2280.
  31. ^ Lucha 2000 Staff (April 2006). "Arena México: 50 anos de Lucha Libre". Lucha 2000 (in Spanish). Especial 28.
  32. ^ "1998 Especial!". Box y Lucha Magazine (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresora y Encuaderanadora Glem S.A. de C.V. January 9, 1999. pp. 2–28. ISSN 2007-0896. 2348.
  33. ^ a b "1999 Especial!". Box y Lucha Magazine (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresora y Encuaderanadora Glem S.A. de C.V. January 10, 2000. pp. 2–28. ISSN 2007-0896. 2436.
  34. ^ "SLAM! Wrestling International – 2000: The Year-In-Review Mexico". Slam Wrestling!. Canoe.ca. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  35. ^ a b c "2001 Especial!". Box y Lucha Magazine (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresora y Encuaderanadora Glem S.A. de C.V. January 13, 2002. pp. 2–28. ISSN 2007-0896. 2540.
  36. ^ a b c Luchas 2000 staff. "Luchas 2000". Villaño III y sus Victimas (in Spanish). Juárez, Mexico: Publicaciones citem, S.A. de C.V. pp. 24–27. Especial 30.
  37. ^ Ocampo, Ernesto, ed. (January 5, 2003). "Número Especial – Lo mejor de la lucha libre mexicana durante el 2003". SúperLuchas (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresos Camsam, SA de CV. ISSN 1665-8876. 40.
  38. ^ a b c Ocampo, Ernesto, ed. (January 24, 2005). "Número Especial – Lo mejor de la lucha libre mexicana durante el 2004". SúperLuchas (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresos Camsam, SA de CV. ISSN 1665-8876. 91.
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  40. ^ a b Ocampo, Ernesto, ed. (December 26, 2007). "2007 Lo Mejor de la Lucha Mexicana". SúperLuchas (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Impresos Camsam, SA de CV. ISSN 1665-8876. 244. Retrieved July 11, 2009.