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The Brazilian diaspora comprises Brazilians who have migrated to other countries, a fairly recent phenomenon that has been driven mainly by economic problems that afflicted Brazil from the ending of the military dictatorship in the 1980s to the early 2000s (decade). After the election of Jair Bolsonaro in 2018, many left-wing politicians and activists, such as Jean Wyllys, Marcia Tiburi, and Debora Diniz left the country after far-right harassment and death threats.[7]

Brazilian diaspora
Flag of Brazil.svg
Total population
3.1 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States1,100,000
 Japan275,000
 Paraguay201,527[2]
 United Kingdom200,000
 Portugal140,426
 Spain128,238
 Germany95,000[3]
 Italy85,000[3]
 France80,000[3]
  Switzerland44,000
 Belgium43,000
 Bolivia31,000
 Argentina27,135
 Netherlands27,100
 Uruguay26,482
 Canada22,920[4]
 Chile18,185
 Philippines10,710
 Angola10,649
 Israel10,040
 Ireland8,704[5]
 Ghana5,000
 Qatar800[6]
Languages
Primarily Portuguese (99%)
Indigenous languages (0.082%)
German (Hunsrückisch, East Pomeranian and Plautdietsch) (1.94%) and language(s) of country of residence
[citation needed]
Religion
Predominantly Catholicism (64%)
Protestantism (22%)
No religious affiliation (9%)
Spiritism (1.3%)
Buddhism and Shinto derived Japanese new religions (1%)
Judaism (0.5%)
Islam (0.017%)
[citation needed]
Afro-Brazilian religions (0.1%)
Related ethnic groups
Mexican people

Contents

DemographicsEdit

 
Brazilian immigrants in Spain

There are an estimated 1.5 million Brazilians living abroad,[8] mainly in the U.S. (450,599),[9] Japan (~210,000), Paraguay (201,527), Portugal (~120.000), Spain (~120.000), Germany (~100.000), United Kingdom (100,000)[10] France (80,000), Italy (35,000), Switzerland (25,000), Angola (30,000), and another 100,000 are living in other European countries.

United StatesEdit

There were an estimated 246,000 Brazilian Americans as of 2007.[11] Another source gives an estimate of some 800,000 Brazilians living in the U.S. in 2000,[12] while still another estimates that as of 2008 some 1,100,000 Brazilians live in the United States, 300,000 of them in Florida.[13] Major concentrations are in Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Georgia, Florida, Wisconsin, and California.

West 46th Street has historically been a commercial center for Brazilians living or visiting New York City. In 1995 the city officially recognized it as "Little Brazil Street".

In Massachusetts, there is a very small but significant concentration of Brazilian immigrants in the town of Framingham, which in recent years has spilled out into the neighboring towns of Marlborough and Hudson, among others. In the Brazilian community, it is said that Pompano Beach in Florida has the greatest concentration of Brazilians in the USA. The Brazilian communities in these towns are vibrant, having contributed much to the local cuisine and culture, but Brazilian immigrants often feel discriminated against and are often thought to be illegal immigrants by their non-Brazilian neighbors.[14]

A disproportionate number of Brazilians who have emigrated to the US came from the town of Governador Valadares, in the state of Minas Gerais.

United KingdomEdit

The 1991 Census recorded 9,301 Brazilian born people in the UK,[15] and the 2001 Census recorded 15,215.[16] In 2004, the Brazilian Consulate in London had 13,000 Brazilians registered as living in the UK.[15] The Office for National Statistics estimates suggest that there were 56,000 Brazilian-born people resident in the UK in 2008.[17] Several guesstimates of the current Brazilian British population, including those of Brazilian descent, put the number of Brazilian British people at around 200,000.[10][18]

JapanEdit

The majority of Brazilians living in Japan are of Japanese descent, and they have been migrating there since the 1980s. They are estimated in 140,000 as of 2010.

CanadaEdit

There are an estimated 22,920 Brazilians living in Canada.[4] Major concentrations are in Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Calgary.

FranceEdit

ParaguayEdit

Brazilians and their descendants living in Paraguay are called Brasiguayos. This numerous community of landowners is mainly involved in agriculture.

OrganizationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Brazilian ministry of External Relations 2013".
  2. ^ "NÚMERO E DISTRIBUIÇÃO DE BRASILEIROS NO MUNDO" (PDF). Itamaraty (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  3. ^ a b c http://www.brasileirosnomundo.itamaraty.gov.br/a-comunidade/estimativas-populacionais-das-comunidades/Brasileiros%20no%20Mundo%202011%20-%20Estimativas%20-%20Terceira%20Edicao%20-%20v2.pdf
  4. ^ a b "Canada's 2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  5. ^ http://www.cso.ie/multiquicktables/quickTables.aspx?id=cdd26
  6. ^ "Qatar´s population by nationality". bq magazine. Archived from the original on 2014-12-21. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  7. ^ Phillips, Dom (July 11, 2019). "New generation of political exiles leave Bolsonaro's Brazil 'to stay alive'". The Guardian. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  8. ^ "Brazilian immigrants in Boston" (PDF). City of Boston. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2010.
  9. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder
  10. ^ a b Sofia Buchuck. "Crossing borders: Latin American exiles in London". untoldLondon. Archived from the original on 2009-04-05. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  11. ^ "United States - Selected Population Profile in the United States (Brazilian (360-364))". 2007 American Community Survey. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  12. ^ "Brazilian Immigrant Women in the Boston area: Negotiation of Gender, Race, Ethnicity, Class and Nation". Archived from the original on 28 January 2010.
  13. ^ "Imigrante brasileiro espera anistia de sucessor de Bush - 01/11/2008 - UOL Eleição americana 2008". Noticias.uol.com.br. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
  14. ^ The Massachusetts Legal Services Diversity Coalition (2004). "Brazilian Immigration". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  15. ^ a b Burton, Guy (July 2004). "It's tough being Brazilian in the UK". Brazzil. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
  16. ^ "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
  17. ^ "Table 1.3: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth, 60 most common countries of birth, January 2008 to December 2008". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2010. Figure given is central estimate. See the source for 95 per cent confidence intervals.
  18. ^ Evans, Yara; Wills, Jane; Datta, Kavita; Herbert, Joanna; McIlwaine, Cathy; May, Jon; Osvaldo de Araújo, José; França, Ana Carla; França, Ana Paula (September 2007). "Brazilians in London: A report for the Strangers into Citizens Campaign" (PDF). Queen Mary, University of London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2010.

External linksEdit