Brassó County

Brassó was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (south-eastern Transylvania). The capital of the county was Brassó (Brașov in Romanian, Kronstadt in German).

Brassó County
Comitatus Brassoviensis (Latin)
Brassó vármegye (Hungarian)
Komitat Kronstadt (German)
Comitatul Brașov (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920
Coat of arms of Brassó
Coat of arms
Brasso.png
CapitalBrassó
Area
 • Coordinates45°39′N 25°35′E / 45.650°N 25.583°E / 45.650; 25.583Coordinates: 45°39′N 25°35′E / 45.650°N 25.583°E / 45.650; 25.583
 
• 1910
1,492 km2 (576 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
101109
History
History 
• Established
1876
June 4 1920
Today part ofRomania
Brașov is the current name of the capital.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Brassó County, 1891.

Brassó County shared borders with Romania and the Hungarian counties of Fogaras, Nagy-Küküllő, and Háromszék. The river Olt formed part of its northern border. The ridge of the Southern Carpathian Mountains forms its southern border. Its area was 1,492 km2 (576 sq mi) around 1910.

HistoryEdit

The Brassó/Kronstadt region was settled by German colonists since the 12th century. Brassó County was formed in 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed, and was centered on the former Saxon seat of Kronstadt/Brașov. In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon, the county became part of Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian county of Brașov.

DemographicsEdit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)
Population by mother tongue[a]
Census Total Hungarian Romanian German Other or unknown
1880[1] 83,929 23,948 (29.62%) 29,250 (36.18%) 26,579 (32.87%) 1,074 (1.33%)
1890[2] 86,777 26,116 (30.10%) 31,106 (35.85%) 27,802 (32.04%) 1,753 (2.02%)
1900[3] 95,565 31,191 (32.64%) 33,886 (35.46%) 29,415 (30.78%) 1,073 (1.12%)
1910[4] 101,199 35,372 (34.95%) 35,091 (34.68%) 29,542 (29.19%) 1,194 (1.18%)
Population by religion[b]
Census Total Lutheran Eastern Orthodox Roman Catholic Calvinist Jewish Unitarian Greek Catholic Other or unknown
1880 83,929 39,407 (46.95%) 31,206 (37.18%) 8,541 (10.18%) 3,228 (3.85%) 679 (0.81%) 466 (0.56%) 356 (0.42%) 46 (0.05%)
1890 86,777 39,905 (45.99%) 31,579 (36.39%) 9,837 (11.34%) 3,489 (4.02%) 868 (1.00%) 521 (0.60%) 561 (0.65%) 17 (0.02%)
1900 95,565 42,082 (44.03%) 33,901 (35.47%) 10,675 (11.17%) 5,484 (5.74%) 1,291 (1.35%) 1,030 (1.08%) 1,075 (1.12%) 27 (0.03%)
1910 101,199 42,901 (42.39%) 35,585 (35.16%) 11,886 (11.75%) 6,854 (6.77%) 1,503 (1.49%) 1,441 (1.42%) 979 (0.97%) 50 (0.05%)

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Brassó County were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Alvidék Földvár (now Feldioara)
  Felvidék Feketehalom (now Codlea) until 1894, then Brassó (now Brașov)
  Hétfalu Hosszúfalu (now Săcele)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
  Brassó (now Brașov)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Only linguistic communities > 1% are displayed.
  2. ^ Only religious communities > 1% are displayed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Az 1881. év elején végrehajtott népszámlálás főbb eredményei megyék és községek szerint rendezve, II. kötet (1882)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 2021-09-28.
  2. ^ "A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára (1892)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  3. ^ "A MAGYAR KORONA ORSZÁGAINAK 1900". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2021-09-29.