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Brannigan is a 1975 British action thriller film directed by Douglas Hickox[1] and starring John Wayne and Richard Attenborough filmed in Panavision and DeLuxe Color. One of the screenwriters was Dalton Trumbo's son, Christopher Trumbo.

Brannigan
Brannigan (movie poster).jpg
Theatrical release poster by Robert McGinnis
Directed byDouglas Hickox
Produced by
Screenplay by
  • Christopher Trumbo
  • Michael Butler
  • William P. McGivern
  • William W. Norton
Story by
  • Christopher Trumbo
  • Michael Butler
Starring
Music byDominic Frontiere
CinematographyGerry Fisher
Edited byMalcolm Cooke
Production
company
Distributed byUnited Artists
Release date
  • 26 March 1975 (1975-03-26) (USA)
Running time
111 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom[1][2]
LanguageEnglish

Set principally in London, the film is about a Chicago detective sent to Britain to organise the extradition of an American mobster, who is soon kidnapped and held for ransom. Struggling with the restrained policing style of his British counterparts, the tough Irish-American detective uses his own brand of law enforcement to recapture the criminal.

PlotEdit

Tough Chicago Police Lieutenant Jim Brannigan (John Wayne) is sent to London to extradite a notorious American gangster, Ben Larkin (John Vernon). Brannigan is assigned a local officer, Jennifer (Judy Geeson), to help while he is in London. But before Brannigan can collect his man, Larkin is kidnapped.

Larkin's finger is cut off and mailed to the police to prove how serious the kidnappers are. The mobster's lawyer, Mel Fields (Mel Ferrer), tries to arrange a ransom drop while Brannigan makes his way around London in search of Larkin. Whilst struggling to adapt to the British way of life, and the restrained style of policing, he employs techniques not usually seen in Britain.

In the meantime, a contract had already been put out on Brannigan's life by Larkin, so hit man Gorman (Daniel Pilon) tails Brannigan in a black Jaguar E-Type, making several attempts to kill him and nearly shooting Jennifer by mistake.

Commander Swann (Richard Attenborough), in charge of helping get Larkin to America, is a stuffy, titled, upper class Metropolitan Police commander who is not afraid to get his hands dirty. There is continual conflict between Brannigan and Swann about the American's carrying, and use of, his .38 Colt Diamondback revolver.

Permitted to go alone to deliver the ransom payment, Fields personally eliminates the kidnappers. He and Larkin celebrate having pulled off a scheme to get the money, Larkin calling the loss of a finger a small price to pay. Brannigan bursts in to foil their plans. As he and Jennifer walk away, Gorman tries to mow them down with his car, but he is shot by Brannigan, who can now return home to Chicago.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

Brannigan was filmed on location in London during 1974. The film's action sequences included a car chase through Battersea's Shaftsbury & Winstanley Estate, Wandsworth and Central London featuring Brannigan jumping a yellow Ford Capri coupe across the half raised Tower Bridge. One sequence features shots of the interior and exterior of London's Royal Automobile Club, which has changed little since the shooting of the film. The Capri's jump was one of the last significant appearances of Tower Bridge without its red, white and blue paint scheme which was applied in 1977 to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II. A fight sequence was filmed in the Lamb Tavern in Leadenhall Market.

Conversely, the film's opening sequence and first several minutes display Chicago roadways, riverside buildings and an early O'Hare Terminal 1 that have all been razed and replaced. For example, the film opens on a squad car making the former turn on Upper Lake Shore Drive where East Wacker Drive now exists and where Field Drive had been planned to intersect; in the background, iron workers can be seen constructing the connecting portion of Upper Wacker. The 300 block of North Canal Street, where Brannigan conducts an investigation using "enhanced interrogation techniques", rapidly developed between this film, Doctor Detroit, and Raw Deal, and has further developed through to the present day. As Brannigan approaches O'Hare, the Kennedy Expressway is devoid of both commercial development to the north and south, and the Blue Line tracks in the median.

Likewise, West India Quay, immediately north of the Isle of Dogs has become unrecognisable with the development of the Docklands in general and Canary Wharf in particular. The location is seen as a derelict, nearly-abandoned dockside during Brannigan's confrontation with the motor-scooter messenger (Tony Robinson), and has since been radically transformed. Much of the film was also filmed in Beckton Gasworks and parts of North Woolwich and Silvertown in Newham's part of Docklands. When a hole is blown in Brannigan's lavatory wall, he looks out to see the Albert Memorial, its statue still coated in thick black paint rather than gold leaf. At the time of filming, the Trafalgar Square post office occupied not only its current footprint, but extended throughout the adjoining commercial spaces, and was marked by an unusually shaped sign extending out from the corner of the building.

It contains a piece of footage of the inside of the Garrick Club, which traditionally does not allow cameras and was only agreed to as Richard Attenborough was a long-term member. In the scene in which Brannigan and Commander Swann are at the bar in the Garrick Club, on the wall behind them are portraits of Laurence Olivier and John Gielgud, both in Garrick Club ties.

After a Chicago Police officer was depicted in an unflattering light in an episode of the 1957–60 television series, M Squad, then-Mayor Richard J. Daley thereafter discouraged motion picture and television location filming in the city for the rest of his administration and its aftermath. Brannigan is one of the few films – along with Cooley High, also released in 1975 – to have been approved and granted police assistance during the two-decade era.

ReceptionEdit

Roger Ebert gave the film a mixed 2 stars out of a possible 4, writing, "'Brannigan' isn't great, but it's a wellcrafted [sic] action movie and, besides, it's got John Wayne in it."[4] A. H. Weiler of The New York Times stated, "Unfortunately, Mr. Wayne's first film trip to London doesn't appear to have been necessary. He and his busy company only serve to make 'Brannigan' a commonplace crime caper."[5] Arthur D. Murphy of Variety called it "an okay John Wayne actioner," adding, "The clash between U.S. and British law enforcement philosophies is dramatized in potboiler oversimplification, and there's just enough Anglophobia to satisfy the yahoo trade."[6] Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune awarded 3 stars out of 4 and noted, "If you enjoy Wayne's he-man antics, then 'Brannigan' is your kind of flick. It's as simple as that."[7] Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times praised the film as a "smart, lively thriller" with a script that has "an affectionate sense of fun yet genuine respect for the mythical figure that John Wayne has become."[8] Tom Shales of The Washington Post wrote that the film "is primarily a humdrum slugfest, from the same producers as last year's slovenly Wayne vehicle, 'McQ.' ... What 'Brannigan' does have over 'McQ' is locale: London is a big improvement on Seattle."[9] Richard Combs of The Monthly Film Bulletin observed, "After a sleek recapping of the Clint Eastwood formula in a credits sequence that is all caressing close-ups of the hero's prized revolver, Brannigan spends most of its time hastily backpedalling in order to find some comfortable, old-fashioned niche in the formula for its star ... in fact, the film becomes more and more of a throwback, in everything from Brannigan's chaste relationship with his Girl Friday ... to his abrasive partnership with his opposite number from Scotland Yard."[10] After turning down the starring role in Dirty Harry,[11] and seeing the subsequent success of that film, Wayne made two police thrillers in quick succession. After starring in McQ, he made this "cop out of water" film in the same vein as Clint Eastwood's Coogan's Bluff.

The film currently holds a score of 17% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 6 reviews.[12]

Home mediaEdit

On 2 October 2001 Brannigan was released on DVD for the first time.

The film is available through Amazon.com in a two-pack with Killer Force, and was released for the first time on Blu-ray through Screen Archives Entertainment on 8 July 2014.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Erickson, Hal. "Brannigan (1975)". Allmovie. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  2. ^ "Brannigan". British Film Institute. London. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  3. ^ Swann explains to Brannigan that his title of "Sir" is hereditary, having been bestowed upon one of his "ancient ancestors, probably for holding somebody's horse at a coronation."
  4. ^ Ebert, Roger "Brannigan". RogerEbert.com
  5. ^ Weiler, A. H. (March 27, 1975). "Wayne Goes to London in 'Brannigan'". The New York Times. 31.
  6. ^ Murphy, Arthur D. (March 19, 1975). "Film Reviews: Brannigan". Variety. 29.
  7. ^ Siskel, Gene (March 26, 1975). "Wayne is Wayne; Lemmon in One". Chicago Tribune. Section 3, p. 7.
  8. ^ Thomas, Kevin (March 24, 1975). "Wayne Rides Herd in London". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 9.
  9. ^ Shales, Tom (March 20, 1975). "Wayne's Two-Fisted 'Brannigan'". The Washington Post. B6.
  10. ^ Combs, Richard (July 1975). "Brannigan". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 42 (498): 152.
  11. ^ Dowell, Pat. - "John Wayne, Man and Myth". - (book review of: John Wayne, American by Randy Roberts and James S. Olson). - Washington Post. - 25 September 1995. - Retrieved: 2008-08-05
  12. ^ "Brannigan". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 25 May 2019.

External linksEdit