Bran (German: Törzburg; Hungarian: Törcsvár) is a commune in Brașov County, Transylvania, Romania. It is about 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of the city of Brașov and consists of five villages: Bran, Poarta (Hungarian: Porta), Predeluț (Kispredeál), Șimon (Simon), and Sohodol (Szohodol).

Coat of arms of Bran
Location of Bran within Brașov County
Location of Bran within Brașov County
Bran is located in Romania
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°30′41″N 25°21′51″E / 45.51139°N 25.36417°E / 45.51139; 25.36417
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Cosmin Feroiu[1] (PNL)
67.85 km2 (26.20 sq mi)
720 m (2,360 ft)
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
Area code(+40) 02 68
Vehicle reg.BV

The medieval Bran Castle is a popular tourist destination, partly because it is associated with the home of Dracula in Bram Stoker's novel of the same name;[3] the castle has been listed as one of the Seven Wonders of Romania.

Geography edit

Bran is located in the southern part of Brașov County, on or near the border with Dâmbovița and Argeș counties, and belongs to the historical sub-region of Țara Bârsei (Burzenland). It lies at the northern end of the Rucăr-Bran Pass; national road DN73, which runs through the pass, connects Brașov to Pitești, 111 km (69 mi) to the southwest.

The commune is situated between two mountain ranges of the Southern Carpathians: to the southeast are the Bucegi Mountains, with the Omu Peak dominating the area, at 2,505 m (8,219 ft); and to the west are the Piatra Craiului Mountains, which top out at 2,238 m (7,343 ft).

History edit

The Teutonic Order began building a wooden fort called Dietrichstein here early in the 13th century. After the fort's destruction in 1242 by Mongols ("Tatars"), King Sigismund of Hungary ordered a stone castle to be built in 1377, while the settlement of Bran began to develop nearby. Positioned high atop a steep cliff, the castle guarded a strategic trade route between Transylvania and Wallachia. In 1498, Bran came under the jurisdiction of Brașov.[4]

After the Ottoman Empire defeated the Kingdom of Hungary in the 16th century, Bran became part of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the Principality of Transylvania, which eventually became part of the Habsburg monarchy. In 1804 the commune became part of the Austrian Empire along with the Grand Principality of Transylvania, and in 1867 the Hungarian section of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It became part of the Kingdom of Romania following World War I.[5]

After Transylvania became part of Romania, Bran Castle (that was owned by the city of Brașov) was gifted to Queen Marie by the Brașov magistrate. The queen transformed it into a royal residence in the 1920s, and today it is one of Romania's most popular visitor sites. It is open to tourists, who can view the inside alone or as part of a guided tour. Outside the castle is an open-air museum with traditional Romanian farm houses and manufacturing facilities.

Natives edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ Light, Duncan (2012). The Dracula Dilemma: Tourism, Identity and the State in Romania. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 9781409456285.
  4. ^ Belanger, Jeff (2006). Ghosts of War: Restless Spirits of Soldiers, Spies, and Saboteurs. Career Press. ISBN 9781564148896.
  5. ^ Smith, Laurajane; Waterton, Emma; Watson, Steve (2012). The Cultural Moment in Tourism. Routledge. ISBN 9781136831539.
Overview of Bran, seen from the Bran Castle