Brama (fish)

Brama is a genus of pomfrets. Currently, there are 8 species within the genus (see below).

Brama
Brama brama.jpg
Atlantic pomfret (B. brama)
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Bramidae
Genus: Brama
Bloch & J. G. Schneider, 1801
Type species
Sparus raii
Bloch, 1791

SpeciesEdit

Eight recognized species are in this genus:[1]

Distribution and rangeEdit

The genus Brama is predominately pelagic and can be found globally in the high seas, with the exception of arctic and subarctic waters. This is true with the exception of two species, Brama orcini and Brama dussumieri, which occupy shallower waters surrounding landmasses.[3]

Commercial importanceEdit

Some Brama spp. are common and, when large, are sought after by fisheries, especially fisheries around Spain and Portugal.[3]

EcologyEdit

Despite it being known that these fishes are migratory, little has been reported on their migratory habits. It has been predicted that spawning takes place near the surface, as the smallest larvae are typically collected in shallow waters.[3] It is common for bramids, including Brama spp. to be found in the stomachs of large pelagic predators, such as tuna, cod, and billfish (the Cuban billfish (Xiphias), has been reported to have a diet that consists of 37% Brama spp.[4]). They are therefore considered to be an important forage fish for many predators.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). Species of Brama in FishBase. February 2013 version.
  2. ^ Hibino, Y., Okada, M., Moteki, M. & Kimura, S. (2014): Redescription of the Shortfin Pomfret, Brama pauciradiata, Based on Japanese Specimens (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Bramidae). Species Diversity, 19 (2): 111–115.
  3. ^ a b c d G. W. Mead (1972). "Bramidae". Dana Report. 81: 1–166.
  4. ^ D. G. Manday (1964). "Biologia Pesquera del Emperador o Pez de Espada, Xiphias gladius Linnaeus-Teleostomi: Xiphiidae-en las Aguas de Cuba". Inst. de Biologia.