BrahMos-II or BrahMos-2 or BrahMos Mark II (note: not to be confused with BrahMos block-2) is a hypersonic cruise missile currently under joint development by Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation, which have together formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited. It is the second of the BrahMos series of cruise missiles. The BrahMos-II is expected to have a range of 450 kilometres (280 mi; 240 nmi) and a speed of Mach 7. During the cruise stage of flight the missile will be propelled by a scramjet airbreathing jet engine. Other details, including production cost and physical dimensions of the missile, are yet to be published. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2020.
A scaled down model of Brahmos-II at Aero India 2013
|Type||Hypersonic Cruise missile|
Air-launched cruise missile
|Place of origin||India / Russia|
|Used by||Russia, India|
|450–600 km (280–370 mi)|
|Maximum speed||Mach 7 (8,575 km/h; 5,328 mph; 2,382.0 m/s)|
|Ship, submarine, aircraft and land-based mobile launchers.|
The planned operational range of the BrahMos-II has been restricted to 290 kilometers as Russia is a signatory to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which prohibits it from helping other countries develop missiles with ranges above 300 kilometres (190 mi; 160 nmi). However, now that India is also a MTCR signatory, it is trying to extend the range of BrahMos. Its top speed will be double that of the current BrahMos-I, and it has been described as the fastest cruise missile in the world. Russia is developing a special and secret fuel formula to enable the BrahMos-II to exceed Mach 6.
Design of multiple variants of the missile was completed by October 2011, with testing starting in 2012. Fourth-generation multi-purpose Russian Naval destroyers (Project 21956) are also likely to be equipped with the BrahMos II.
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