Boyton is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. It lies in the Wylye Valley within Salisbury Plain, about 6 miles (10 km) southeast of Warminster and 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Salisbury. The parish includes the village of Corton.
Boyton Manor, c. 1910, briefly the country house of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
|Population||178 (in 2011)|
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
In the thirteenth century, there was a castle in the village. An occupant of the castle was Hugh Giffard and his wife Sibyl, who was the daughter and co-heiress of Walter de Cormeilles. Hugh was father of the Walter Giffard who became Archbishop of York and Chancellor of England. Another son was Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester and himself also Chancellor of England.
Cortington Manor, near Corton on the Boyton road, dates from the late 17th century.
The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) described Boyton as follows:
BOYTON, a parish in the hundred of Heytesbury, in the county of Wilts, 3 miles to the S.E. of Heytesbury, its post town, and 7 from Warminster. The Salisbury branch of the Great Western Railway passes near it. The parish is situated on the south side of the river Wylye, a branch of the Nadder, and contains the hamlet of Corton. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Salisbury, of the value of £549, in the patronage of the President and Fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford. The church, which is dedicated to St Mary, is a good specimen of early English architecture, and has been recently restored. It was erected in 1301, and contains a fine circular window and an ancient font. There are some small charitable endowments. Boyton House, the old seat of the Lamberts, was built in 1618. CORTON, (or Cortington), a township in the parish of Boyton, hundred of Heytesbury, in the county of Wilts, 1 mile S. of Heytesbury, and 1 N.W. of Boyton. It belongs to the Lambert family.
The Salisbury branch line was built through the Wyle valley, opening in 1856. Codford station was a short distance north of Boyton village; it closed to passengers in 1955 when local services were withdrawn, although the line continues in use as part of the Wessex Main Line.
The Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin has 12th-century origins but is mainly from the 13th and 14th centuries, with major restoration by T.H. Wyatt in 1860. The south chapel was founded circa 1280 by the Giffard family and has a large circular west window; it houses Giffard effigies and memorials. The church is Grade I listed.
Corton had a chapel of ease from the 13th to 16th centuries but its exact site is not known. Around 1877 a church named All Saints was built but it was not consecrated until 1937 as ownership of the site was uncertain. At the consecration service the church was renamed 'The Holy Angels'. The church was declared redundant in 1980 and became a private house.
A country house was built next to the church in 1618 for Thomas Lambert, a landowner who later served briefly in parliament. Pevsner describes it as "a fine square house, three by three gables". Ownership continued in the Lambert family until 1935.
From 1876 to 1882, the house was let to Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, the youngest son of Queen Victoria. When he married, he moved his establishment to Claremont, a house in Surrey, but he is commemorated locally in the name of the Prince Leopold Inn in the neighbouring village of Upton Lovell.
In the 1950s the house was bought by Henry Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 9th Duke of Newcastle, and became the family seat, his estate at Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, having been sold in 1946. However, the dukedom became extinct when the 9th and 10th Dukes both died in 1988. One of their titles was inherited by a distant Australian cousin, Edward Fiennes-Clinton, but by then the estate had been sold.
There is a pub at Corton, the Dove Inn.
The Herbert Baronetcy, of Boyton, was created in 1936 for Sir Sidney Herbert, a politician. It became extinct on his death in 1939.
- "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Historic England. "Corton long barrow (1010518)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- Boyton in the Domesday Book
- Corton in the Domesday Book
- Historic England. "Cortington Manor and Cortington Manor Cottage (1284194)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 4 pp315-361 – Table of population, 1801–1951". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- Boyton, genuki.org.uk
- "Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Boyton (1284200)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Corton Chapel of Ease, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "The Holy Angels Church, Corton, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Corton Baptist Chapel, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 127. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.
- "Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- Zeepvat, Charlotte (24 August 2013). Queen Victoria's Youngest Son. Thistle Publishing. ISBN 978-1909609945.
- Historic England. "Boyton Manor (1036346)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "National School, Boyton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
Media related to Boyton, Wiltshire at Wikimedia Commons