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Bown v. Gwinnett County School District

Bown v. Gwinnett County School District, 112 F.3d 1464 (11th Cir. 1997)[1], refers to an Eleventh Circuit Court case in which the plaintiff, Brian Bown, a school teacher, challenged as an unconstitutional Establishment Clause violation Georgia's law requiring a "Moment of Quiet Reflection". The Court ruled that the Moment of Quiet Reflection was not unconstitutional. The Supreme Court of the United States denied certiorari for an appeal.

Bown v. Gwinnett County School District
US-CourtOfAppeals-11thCircuit-Seal.png
CourtUnited States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
Full case nameBown v. Gwinnett County School District
DecidedMay 6, 1997
Citation(s)112 F.3d 1464; 65 USLW 2740; 118 Ed. Law Rep. 28; 97 FCDR 2801; 10 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 902
Case history
Subsequent action(s)Certiorari denied by the United States Supreme Court.
Court membership
Judge(s) sittingR. Lanier Anderson III, Edward Earl Carnes, Richard D. Cudahy (7th Cir.)
Case opinions
MajorityAnderson, joined by a unanimous court
Laws applied
U.S. Const. amend. I

BackgroundEdit

The State of Georgia passed the Moment of Quiet Reflection in Schools Act, which came into effect in 1994. The law did not require or endorse prayer,[2] saying that it "is not intended to be and shall not be conducted as a religious service or exercise".[2]

Public school teacher Brian Bown challenged the Act.[3] He sued the Gwinnett County School District, alleging that the law was an Establishment Clause violation implicitly requiring school prayer.[2] At trial, the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia ruled that the Act did not violate the establishment clause.[4]

Opinion of the CourtEdit

The Eleventh Circuit Court heard the case and ruled that the Act did not violate the Establishment Clause, holding that it did not violate any of the three prongs of the Lemon test.[1][5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bown v. Gwinnett County School District, 112 F.3d 1464 (11th Cir. 1997).
  2. ^ a b c Brockman, D. "A Moment of Silence: The Trojan Horse of Our Age."
  3. ^ Fontana, V. "Municipal Liability: Law and Practice," pg. 289.
  4. ^ Larry R. Thaxton, Silence Begets Religion: Bown v. Gwinnett County School District and the Unconstitutionality of Moments of Silence in Public Schools, 57 Ohio St. L.J. 1399, 1423 (1996).
  5. ^ Joan DelFattore, The Fourth R: Conflicts Over Religion in America's Public Schools 174 (2004); Mary Ellen Vales, Stuck in a Moment (of Silence): The Seventh Circuit's Misapplication of the Void for Vagueness Doctrine to the Illinois Silent Reflection and Student Prayer Act Archived 2012-05-14 at the Wayback Machine, 6 Seventh Cir. Rev. 429, 434-35 (2011).

External linksEdit