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Burgas Airport (IATA: BOJ, ICAO: LBBG) (Bulgarian: Летище Бургас, romanizedLetishte Burgas) is an international airport in southeast Bulgaria and the second largest airport in the country. The airport is located near to the north neighbourhood of Burgas, Sarafovo, which is located approximately 10 kilometres from the city centre. The airport serves Burgas and seaside resorts of Bulgarian south coast and is a major destination during the European summer leisure season. In 2018, the airport handled 3,277,229 passengers, a 9.9% increase compared to 2017.[citation needed]

Burgas Airport

Летище Бургас
Burgas airport logo.png
Burgas Airport 01.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerRepublic of Bulgaria
OperatorFraport Twin Star Airport Management AD
ServesBurgas, Bulgaria
LocationBurgas, Bulgaria
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL41 m / 135 ft
Coordinates42°34′13″N 027°30′55″E / 42.57028°N 27.51528°E / 42.57028; 27.51528Coordinates: 42°34′13″N 027°30′55″E / 42.57028°N 27.51528°E / 42.57028; 27.51528
Websiteburgas-airport.com
Map
BOJ is located in Bulgaria
BOJ
BOJ
Location of airport in Bulgaria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,200 10,500 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers3,277,229 Increase9.9%
Aircraft movements23,284 Increase8.5%
Source: Bulgarian AIP at EUROCONTROL

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

On 27 June 1937 the French company CIDNA (now part of Air France), chose the area of Burgas Airport to build a radio station and signed a contract with the Bulgarian government for its use. The contract expressly stated that the staff of Burgas Airport would be Bulgarian.

On 29 June 1947, Balkan Bulgarian Airlines began domestic flights between Burgas, Plovdiv and Sofia, using Junkers Ju 52/3m aircraft. In the 1950s and 1960s the airport was expanded and modernized by building a concrete runway. In 1970, the airport became an international airport serving 45 destinations.[1]

Development since the 2000sEdit

Burgas airport has been subject to heavy traffic following the growing tourism industry in Bulgaria and was in need of major investments to expand and handle projected passenger traffic. In June 2006, the Bulgarian Government awarded Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide a 35-year-long concession on both Varna and Burgas airports in return for investments exceeding €500 million.

Fraport entered into partnership with Varna-based company BM Star. The concessionaire has vowed to inject 403 million Euro in the two airports during the lifespan of the arrangement. Fraport will pay 60% of an investment of EUR 403 million over the 35-year concession. The investments will be made in new terminal facilities, vehicles and equipment and expanding apron areas at the airports over the life of the concession

On 18 July 2012 a bomb exploded on a passenger bus transporting Israeli tourists at the Burgas Airport. The explosion killed seven people and injured thirty-two (see 2012 Burgas bus bombing).

FacilitiesEdit

 
Aerial view of Burgas Airport

TerminalsEdit

In December 2011 construction work began on the new Terminal 2. The new terminal was planned to have a capacity of 2,700,000 passengers and an area of 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft). The new terminal building was designed so that it can be easily upgraded to further increase capacity, if necessary. Construction of the new terminal was completed in 2013, and has been operational since December 2013.[2]

Terminal 2 replaced the older Terminal 1, which was built in the 1950s and expanded in the early 1990s, and now handles all of the airport's passenger traffic. The terminal is equipped with 31 check-in counters, three boarding-card checkpoints, nine security lanes and eight departure gates. The arrivals area (divided into Schengen and non-Schengen zones) has 12 immigration stations and four baggage carousels (one 120 metres (390 ft) long and three 70 metres (230 ft) long carousels). Passenger amenities include 800 square metres (8,600 sq ft) of space dedicated to shopping and 1,220 square metres (13,100 sq ft) for food and beverage (F&B) services. There is also a 550 square metres (5,900 sq ft) outdoor courtyard.

RunwayEdit

At 3,200 metres (10,500 ft), Burgas Airport has the fourth longest runway in the Balkans, after Athens Airport, Sofia Airport and Belgrade Airport.
In 31 October 2016 begins reconstruction and rehabilitation of taxiways at Burgas airport. The project includes a complete rehabilitation of 3,500 square meters of taxiway "H", complete rehabilitation of taxiway "A", as well as area adjacent to the runway holding point. During this period also the replacement of the control and monitoring system for airfield lighting and approach light equipment will be completed. The total investment of Fraport Twin Star Airport Management in these projects is over BGN 12 million.[3][4]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Burgas Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo[5]
airBaltic Seasonal charter: Riga[6]
Anda Air Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany[7]
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion[8]
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo,[9] Omsk,[9] Perm,[9] Rostov-on-Don–Platov,[9] Saint Petersburg,[9] Tyumen,[9] Yekaterinburg[9]
Azur Air Ukraine Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil[10]
Belavia Seasonal charter: Brest,[11] Gomel,[11] Grodno,[11] Minsk,[11] Mogilev,[11] Vitebsk[11]
BH Air Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast–International, Billund, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Copenhagen, Doncaster/Sheffield, Durham/Teesside,[12] East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Humberside, Leeds/Bradford, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Norwich
Seasonal charter: Bergen,[13] Harstad/Narvik ,[14] Oulu,[15] Stockholm–Arlanda,[16] Trondheim [13]
Bluebird Airways Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion[8]
Bravo Airways Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany[7]
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[17] Moscow-Vnukovo ,[18] Sofia, Varna
Seasonal charter: Aalborg ,[19] Billund ,[19] Copenhagen ,[19] Katowice ,[19] Košice ,[19] Prague ,[19] Poprad [19]
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Basel/Mulhouse,[20] Berlin-Schönefeld,[20] Berlin–Tegel,[20] Cologne/Bonn,[20] Dresden,[20] Düsseldorf,[20] Erfurt/Weimar,[20] Frankfurt,[20] Graz,[20] Hamburg,[20] Hannover,[20] Katowice,[21] Leipzig/Halle,[20] Linz,[20] Munich,[20] Nuremberg,[20] Poznań,[21] Rzeszów,[22] Salzburg,[23] Stuttgart,[20] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion,[8] Vienna,[23] Warsaw–Chopin,[21] Wroclaw,[21] Yerevan
Chair Airlines Seasonal: Zürich[24]
Corendon Dutch Airlines Seasonal: Amsterdam, Maastricht/Aachen,[25] Brussels
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Billund ,[26] Copenhagen [26]
El Al Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion[8]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Bydgoszcz,[27] Gdańsk ,[27] Katowice,[27] Łódź ,[21] Rzeszów,[27] Warsaw–Chopin,[27] Wrocław[27]
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki[28]
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius [29]
I-Fly Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo[30]
Israir Airlines Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion[8]
Jet2.com Seasonal: Belfast-International , Birmingham, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Billund,[31] Copenhagen [31]
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Motor Sich Airlines Seasonal: Zaporizhia [32]
NordStar Seasonal charter: Moscow–Domodedovo[33]
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Kazan,[34] Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[34] Saint Petersburg,[35] Samara,[34] Ufa[34]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal charter: Stavanger[13]
Novair Seasonal charter: Oslo–Gardermoen[14]
Rossiya Seasonal: Saint Petersburg
Ryanair Seasonal: Bratislava, Kraków, Warsaw–Modlin
Ryanair Sun Seasonal charter: Gdańsk ,[27] Katowice,[27] Łódź ,[27] Poznań,[27] Warsaw–Chopin[27]
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Oslo–Gardermoen[14]
Severstal Air Company Seasonal charter: Cherepovets[30]
SkyUp Seasonal: Kiev–Boryspil [36]
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga[29]
Smartlynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[29]
Smartwings Seasonal: Bratislava, Brno, Košice, Ostrava, Pardubice, Poprad, Prague, Sliač
Smartwings Poland Seasonal charter: Gdańsk,[37] Katowice,[37] Warsaw–Chopin[37]
SunExpress Deutschland[38] Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg , Leipzig/Halle, Stuttgart
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, East Midlands, Glasgow, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal charter: Helsinki,[39] Oslo–Gardermoen[40]
TUI Airways Seasonal: Belfast–International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Edinburgh ,[41] Glasgow, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal charter: Dublin[42]
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels, Ostend/Bruges
Seasonal charter: Lille,[43] Lyon,[43] Nantes,[43] Paris–Charles de Gaulle[43][44]
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam
TUI fly Nordic Seasonal charter: Gothenburg,[16] Helsinki,[15] Stockholm-Arlanda[16]
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil[45]
Seasonal: Kherson [46][47]
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Yekaterinburg
Seasonal charter: Moscow–Domodedovo[35]
Voyage Air Seasonal: Vienna[48]
Widerøe Seasonal charter: Trondheim [14]
Windrose Airlines Seasonal: Dnipropetrosk,[49] Kiev–Boryspil
Wizz Air London–Luton
Seasonal: Budapest, Katowice, Warsaw–Chopin
Yakutia Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo[30]
Yamal Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow–Domodedovo[30]

StatisticsEdit

TrafficEdit

Traffic at Burgas Airport
Year Domestic
passengers
Change International
passengers
Change Total
passengers
Change Cargo
(tonnes)
Change Aircraft
movements
Change
1998
16,020
417,004
433,024
6,092
1999
14,734
  8%
324,563
  22%
339,297
  21.6%
5,722
  6.1%
2000
8,964
  39.2%
389,051
  19.9%
398,015
  17.3%
73
5,224
  8.7%
2001
1,993
  77.8%
592,403
  52.3%
594,396
  49.3%
161
 120.5%
5,633
 7.8%
2002
1,882
  5.6%
765,594
  29.2%
767,476
  29.1%
925
 474.5%
6,515
  15.6%
2003
1,858
  1.3%
1,024,179
  33.8%
1,026,037
  33.7%
635
 31.4%
8,136
  24.8%
2004
2,621
  41.1%
1,339,552
  30.8%
1,342,173
  30.8%
899
 41.6%
10,692
  31.4%
2005
2,232
  14.8%
1,553,398
  16%
1,555,603
  16%
122
 86.4%
11,842
  10.7%
2006
1,504
  32.6%
1,706,695
  9.9%
1,708,199
  9.8%
405
 232.0%
13,364
  12.8%
2007
11,346
  654.4%
1,926,279
  12.9%
1,937,625
  13.4%
2,051
 406.4%
13,606
  1.8%
2008
15,061
  32.7%
1,905,562
  1.1%
1,920,623
  0.8%
1,338
 34.8%
13,794
  1.4%
2009
12,450
  17.3%
1,671,336
  12.3%
1,683,786
  12.3%
2,597
 94.1%
11,956
  13.3%
2010
14,273
  14.6%
1,858,345
  11.2%
1,872,618
  11.2%
5,654
 117.7%
13,774
  15.2%
2011
77,789
  445%
2,151,256
  21.2%
2,229,045
  19%
5,991
 6.0%
19,215
  19%
2012
69,244
  11%
2,287,621
  6.3%
2,356,865
  5.7%
2,281
 61.9%
16,961
  11.7%
2013
44,780
  34.3%
2,416,868
  2.5%
2,461,648
  4.4%
2,625
 15.1%
18,008
  6.2%
2014
36,589
  18.3%
2,485,730
  2.8%
2,522,319
  2.6%
5,354
 104.0%
18,869
  0.8%
2015
30,376
  17%
2,329,944
  7.3%
2,360,320
  6.7%
13,272
 147.9%
18,271
  4.3%
2016
21,104
  30.5% [50]
2,857,779
  22.7%
2,878,883
  22.0%
10,877
 18.0%
20,873
  14.2%
2017 [51]
 
 
2,982,339
  3.6%
14,300
 31.5%
21,466
  2.8%
2018[52]
 
 
3,277,229
  9.9%
8,429
  41.1%
23,284
  8.5%
2019 (01.01-30.06)[53]
 
 
738,031
  14.5%
2,864
  35.6%
5,803
  14.8%

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest routes at Burgas Airport[54][55]
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Summer 2019)
Airline(s)
  Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Sheremetyevo Airport
Vnukovo Airport
84
S7 Airlines, Ural Airlines, Yamal Airlines
Aeroflot, Bulgaria Air, Nordwind Airlines
Azur Air, Bulgaria Air, I-Fly, Rossiya
  Prague Václav Havel Airport
41
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, SmartWings
  Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport
39
Arkia, Bluebird Airways, Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, EL AL, Israir Airlines
  Katowice Katowice Airport
26
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, LOT, Ryanair Sun, Travel Service, Wizz Air
  London Gatwick Airport
Luton Airport
Stansted Airport
22
BH Air, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways
Wizz Air
BH Air, Jet2.com, TUI Airways
  Saint Petersburg Pulkovo Airport
22
Azur Air, Bulgaria Air, Nordwind Airlines, Rossiya
  Warsaw Chopin Airport
Modlin Airport
22
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, LOT, Ryanair Sun, Travel Service, Wizz Air
Ryanair, Ryanair Sun
  Brno Tuřany Airport
16
SmartWings
  Bratislava M. R. Štefánik Airport
15
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Ryanair, SmartWings, Travel Service
  Manchester Manchester Airport
15
BH Air, Jet2.com, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways
  Minsk Minsk National Airport
13
Belavia
  Poznań Ławica Airport
12
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, Ryanair Sun, Travel Service
  Copenhagen Kastrup Airport
11
Bulgaria Air, BH Air, Jet Time, Norwegian Air Shuttle, SAS
  Brussels Zaventem Airport
10
Brussels Airlines, Corendon Airlines, TUI fly Belgium
  Budapest Ferenc Liszt Airport
10
Bulgarian Air Charter, Travel Service, Wizz Air
  Dublin Dublin Airport
10
Aer Lingus, Cello Aviation, TUI Airways
  Kiev Boryspil Airport
Zhuliany Airport
10
SkyUp, Ukraine International Airlines, Windrose Airlines
Bravo Airways
  Sofia Sofia Airport
10
Bulgaria Air
  Ostrava Leoš Janáček Airport
10
SmartWings
  Amsterdam Schiphol Airport
9
BH Air, Corendon Airlines, Transavia, TUI fly Netherlands
  Birmingham Birmingham Airport
9
BH Air, Jet2.com, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways
  Oslo Gardermoen Airport
9
Norwegian Air Shuttle, Novair, SAS, Thomas Cook Airlines
  Billund Billund Airport
8
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, BH Air, Jet Time
  Düsseldorf Düsseldorf Airport
8
Bulgarian Air Charter, Sundair, SunExpress Deutschland
  Košice  Košice Airport
8
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, SmartWings, Travel Service
  Leipzig Leipzig/Halle Airport
8
Bulgarian Air Charter, SunExpress Deutschland
  Pardubice Pardubice Airport
8
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, SmartWings
  Berlin Schönefeld Airport
Tegel Airport
7
Bulgarian Air Charter
Bulgarian Air Charter, Sundair
  Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
7
Bulgarian Air Charter, Lufthansa, SunExpress Deutschland
  Helsinki Helsinki Airport
7
Finnair, Jet Time, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI fly Nordic
  Stuttgart Stuttgart Airport
7
Bulgarian Air Charter, Eurowings, Sundair, SunExpress Deutschland
  Wrocław Copernicus Airport
7
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, Travel Service

Ground transportationEdit

BusEdit

Line No 15 (Bus-stop: located at the entrance of the airport area).Initial and final bus stops in Burgas – Burgas bus station "South".[56]

TaxiEdit

The Taxi Piazza is located in front of the Arrivals Terminal at Burgas Airport. A taxi ride from Burgas Airport to the city takes approx 15 minutes, depending on the traffic intensity.[57]

ParkingEdit

Passengers and guests arriving at Burgas Airport with their personal car can use the commercially available parking lot, located in the immediate vicinity of the main terminal building. The parking lot has 199 car spaces available and is accessible 24 hours a day.[58]

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • On 18 July 2012, an attack at Burgas Airport occurred. A suicide bomber boarded a bus which was transporting Israeli citizens to the Bulgarian resort of Sunny Beach located in Burgas, the perpetrator detonated the bomb killing 6 civilians (+ 1 suicide bomber) as well as injuring 32 people. The attack resulted in the closure of Burgas Airport for over 30 hours, resulting in the majority of flights diverting to Varna Airport.[59][60]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "New terminal at Burgas Airport opens - Airport World Magazine". Airport-world.com.
  3. ^ "Burgas Airport To Shut Down October 31 - December 30". Novinite.com.
  4. ^ "News". Burgas-airport.bg. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Aeroflot expands network offering in S18". Routesonline.com. 2 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Timetable". Tez-tour.com.
  7. ^ a b "Timetable" (PDF). Iev.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Online Flights". Iaa.gov.il. 15 March 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Flights". Anextour.com. 24 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Flights". Anextour.com.ua.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "freight monitor". Online.joinup.ua.
  12. ^ "BH Air adds Durham/Tees Valley service in S19". routesonline.com. 16 May 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "Only Flight". Tui.no.
  14. ^ a b c d "Flight". Apollo.no.
  15. ^ a b "Only Flight". Tui.fi.
  16. ^ a b c "Only Flight". Tui.se.
  17. ^ "Burgas". Air.bg. 25 April 2018.
  18. ^ Liu, Jim (15 May 2019). "Bulgaria Air resumes Bourgas – Moscow Vnukovo from late-May 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g "Bulgaria Air adds new scheduled charter routes in S19". routesonline.com. 28 March 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Flight". Fti.de. 14 October 2018.
  21. ^ a b c d e "Coral Travel". Coraltravel.pl.
  22. ^ "Charter flights". Charterflights.r.pl. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  23. ^ a b "Flight". Tui.at.
  24. ^ "Bourgas". chair.ch. 27 July 2019.
  25. ^ "Ticket Bourgas". Corendon.com. 25 April 2018.
  26. ^ a b "Flight". Apollorejser.dk. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Charter flights". Tui.pl. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  28. ^ "TIMETABLE". Finnair.com. 16 May 2018.
  29. ^ a b c "Novaturas Flights en". Novaturas flights. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  30. ^ a b c d "Flight Search". Burgas-airport.bg. 24 April 2018. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  31. ^ a b "Only Flight". Tui.dk.
  32. ^ https://flymotorsich.com/en/
  33. ^ "Route map". Nordstar.ru. 25 April 2018.
  34. ^ a b c d "Flight Search". Pegasys.pegast.ru.
  35. ^ a b "Availability". Tui.ru. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  36. ^ "SkyUp". skyup.aero.
  37. ^ a b c "air and charter tickets". Itaka.pl. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  38. ^ "Flight schedules". sunexpress.com.
  39. ^ "Flight". Tjareborg.fi.
  40. ^ "Flight". Ving.no.
  41. ^ "Flight Timetable". Tui.co.uk.
  42. ^ "Flight Timetable". TUI Airways. 7 April 2018.
  43. ^ a b c d "Flights". Tui.fr. 28 April 2018.
  44. ^ "TUI Airlines Belgium adds new sectors in S18". Routesonline.com. 5 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  45. ^ "ИЗМЕНЕНИЕ ПОЛЕТНОЙ ПРОГРАММЫ по БОЛГАРИИ". Alf-ua.com.
  46. ^ "МАУ открыла продажи на рейсы Херсон-Бургас". avianews.com. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  47. ^ Liu, Jim (11 June 2019). "Ukraine International adds seasonal Kherson – Bourgas from mid-June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  48. ^ "Booking – Voyage Air". Voyageair.bg.
  49. ^ "Timetable". Windrose.aero. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  50. ^ "Главна дирекция "Гражданска въздухоплавателна администрация"". Caa.bg. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  51. ^ "Fraport Traffic Figures" (PDF). Fraport.com. December 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  52. ^ "Monthly traffic figures" (PDF). Fraport.com. 2018.
  53. ^ "Monthly traffic figures" (PDF). 2018.
  54. ^ "Flightradar24.com - Live flight tracker!". Flightradar24.com.
  55. ^ "Flight Search". Burgas-airport.bg.
  56. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  57. ^ [1][dead link]
  58. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  59. ^ Zion, Ilan Ben; Shmulovich, Michal. "7 dead, 3 critical after attack on Israeli tourists in Bulgaria". Timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  60. ^ Kulish, Nicholas; Schmitt, Eric (19 July 2012). "Hezbollah Is Blamed in Attack on Israeli Tourist Bus in Bulgaria". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 24 January 2019.

External linksEdit