Bota (Jawi: بوتا; Chinese: 波打) is a mukim in Perak Tengah District, Perak, Malaysia. It comprises two geographical areas: Bota Kiri and Bota Kanan (Left Bota and Right Bota, respectively) as it is divided by the Perak River. There is a river terrapin breeding center in Bota Kanan. Bota is also well known for its durian fruit. The town has over fifteen mosques.

HistoryEdit

 
View of Perak River at Bota (Bhota) in 1874

Name origin: the legendary botaEdit

The town was used to be named Brahman Indera.[1][2] However, mythical folklore began to emerge among the locals of "ogres" or giants that used to hid inside caves or holes underground around the river called bota (likely from the bhuta, a jin-like creature which itself has been mentioned in the Malay Annals[3]): these giants are said by the folks to have a earthy, muddy complexion and commonly lurk around yellow bamboo groves on the banks and edge of paddy fields where fish perch.

They find food commonly in the soil and will occasionally forage in the form of human or animal flesh, however these bota being nocturnal in nature rarely stumble upon humans.[1] They are said to come out to pursue children who did not wear their trousers.[1][2] The presence of a bota is also believed to be associated with someone's death or loss: if a resident is found to be missing, they believe the Bota is responsible and residents have violated the taboo of bota 'existence' in the area.[1]

Another version of the folklore is that the bota is a type of animal that could crush human bones when it bites and often brought along by the Sultan of Perak during long-distance travel.[2]

DemographicsEdit

In general, Bota's Malay population can be divided into three main groups, the natives of Perak, the natives of Kedah and the Banjar people. The natives of Perak constitute the majority of Bota's populace, particularly along the left and rights banks of the Perak River. The Kedah natives in Bota moved to this town in the 1960s, and they primarily reside in some areas of Titi Gantung. There also traces of Javanese and Bugis people in the region.[4][5]

Chinese and Indians constitute a minority of the population in Bota, and they mainly reside in the vicinity of Seri Iskandar.[6]

Local economyEdit

AgricultureEdit

Plenty of farmers' market can be found in Bota and the regional area.[7] Most of the local vegetables and fruits sold in the market are self-grown by the sellers living in the area.

Bota is also famously known for Durian and Tempoyak.The town is one of the main producers of the fruit in the region.[2][8]

TourismEdit

Among the main attractions in Bota is an ecotourism visit to breeding center for a critically endangered species of southern river terrapin in Bota Kanan. The visitors are able to interact with the terrapin offspring and feed them with vegetables.[9]

The tourist could also visit the Malay cultural center in Pulau Misa Melayu of Kampung Teluk Kepayang in Bota Kiri. The center which opened in 1996, showcases varieties of Malay cultural activities such music and dance performance and traditional Malay dresses exhibition.[10]

DialectEdit

There are few types of Malay dialect that can be found in Perak. These dialects which are also known as Perak Malay, are generally categorized into five main dialects of which the Bota or Perak river valley dialect is considered as the purest form of dialect among the five of them in the state.[11][12]

In popular cultureEdit

As per Zulfadli, Bota has appeared in numerous Malaysian films and dramas. The latest and most significant ones are Lambor Kanan Belakang Dewan and Heri Bota. Lambor Kanan Belakang Dewan was aired in 2017 by Astro for Hari Raya special screening featuring Izara Aishah and Rashidi Ishak while Heri Bota was aired in 2020 by RTM TV1 featuring Aedy Ashraf.[13][14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Maxwill, Sir William George (1925). In Malay Forests. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons. ISBN 978-1177612609.
  2. ^ a b c d "Bota asalnya nama gergasi". Sinar Harian (in Malay). 6 February 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  3. ^ Ahmat Adam (2016). Antara Sejarah dan Mitos: Sejarah Melayu & Hang Tuah dalam Historiografi Malaysia [Between History and Myth: Hang Tuah and Sejarah Melayu in Malaysia Historiography]. p. 104. ISBN 9789672165934.
  4. ^ "Etnik Banjar di Perak". The Malaya Post (in Malay). 7 December 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  5. ^ Rahim Bin Yahaya (1989). KRISIS UMNO 1987 - 1988: SATU PANDANGAN UMUM MASYARAKAT KAWASAN BOTA PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN (Thesis) (in Malay). Jabatan Antropologi dan Sosiologi, Universiti Malaya.
  6. ^ "14th General Election Malaysia (GE14/PRU14) - Perak". The Star. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Beli-belah". Majlis Daerah Perak Tengah (in Malay). Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Parit pengeluar 'raja durian'" (in Malay). 11 November 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Makan angin sambil mengenali tuntung di Bota Kanan". Berita Harian (in Malay). 10 September 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Pulau Misa Melayu di Bota wajar jadi pusat kebudayaan". Astro Awani (in Malay). 12 August 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Jenis Loghat Perak Yang Mungkin Anda Baru Tahu". Orang Perak (in Malay). 2 February 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Dialek Bota dialek 'pior' Perak". The Malaya Post (in Malay). 3 December 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Drama Dialek Pahang dan Perak, "Madu" dan "Heri Bota" Curi Hati Penonton RTM". Kopi Panas RTM (in Malay). 7 June 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  14. ^ "'Dari Hati' Astro". Harian Metro (in Malay). 13 June 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2021.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 4°21′N 100°52′E / 4.350°N 100.867°E / 4.350; 100.867