Bosansko Grahovo

Bosansko Grahovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Босанско Грахово) is a town and municipality located in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in western Bosnia and Herzegovina near the border with Croatia.

Bosansko Grahovo

Босанско Грахово
Bosansko Grahovo
Bosansko Grahovo
Location of Bosansko Grahovo within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Bosansko Grahovo within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°10′46″N 16°21′52″E / 44.17944°N 16.36444°E / 44.17944; 16.36444Coordinates: 44°10′46″N 16°21′52″E / 44.17944°N 16.36444°E / 44.17944; 16.36444
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
FederationBosnia and Herzegovina
Canton10
Government
 • Municipality presidentUroš Đuran (SNSD)
Area
 • Total780 km2 (300 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total2,449
 • Density3.1/km2 (8.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+387 34
Websitehttp://www.bosanskograhovo.ba
Gavrilo Princip's home

HistoryEdit

Gavrilo Princip, the main perpetrator of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, was born in the village of Obljaj located just east of Bosansko Grahovo.

From 1929 to 1941, Bosansko Grahovo was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In the Drvar uprising Grahovo was captured by the Serb rebels commanded by Branko Bogunović.[1] Bogunović joined Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland and in September 1941 he was appointed as commander of the Chetnik Regiment "Gavrilo Princip" from Grahovo.

During the Bosnian War, the city was held by Bosnian Serb forces. The Croatian Army captured the city in July 1995, during Operation Summer '95.[2] The offensive displaced a large number of Serb refugees. After the war, the Serb civilians returned, and today they constitute the majority of population in the municipality.[3] However, nowadays the population is much smaller, having declined from 9,000 to about 2,500.

SettlementsEdit

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Population of settlements – Bosansko Grahovo municipality
Settlement 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 10,196 10,555 9,032 8,311 3,091
1 Bosansko Grahovo 696 1,229 1,602 2,096 651
2 Peći 256 203

Ethnic compositionEdit

Ethnic composition – Bosansko Grahovo town
2013 1991 1981 1971 1961
Total 651 (100.0%) 2,096 (100.0%) 1,602 (100.0%) 1,229 (100.0%) 696 (100.0%)
Serbs 600 (92.17%) 1,999 (95.37%) 1,358 (84.77%) 1,167 (94.96%) 670 (96.26%)
Croats 45 (6.912%) 14 (0.668%) 26 (1.623%) 25 (2.034%) 14 (2.011%)
Others 6 (0.922%) 16 (0.763%) 3 (0.187%) 8 (0.651%) 3 (0.431%)
Yugoslavs 61 (2.910%) 193 (12.050%) 18 (1.465%) 4 (0.575%)
Bosniaks 6 (0.286%) 4 (0.250%) 11 (0.895%)
Montenegrins 12 (0.749%) 5 (0.718%)
Albanians 6 (0.375%)
Ethnic composition – Bosansko Grahovo municipality
2013 1991 1981 1971 1961
Total 3,091 (100.0%) 8,311 (1000%) 9,032 (100.0%) 10,555 (100.0%) 10,196 (100.0%)
Serbs 2,028 (82.81%) 7,888 (94.91%) 7,739 (85.68%) 10,100 (95.69%) 9,787 (95.99%)
Croats 393 (16.050%) 226 (2.719%) 264 (2.923%) 364 (3.449%) 368 (3.609%)
Others 22 (0.898%) 50 (0.602%) 25 (0.277%) 40 (0.379%) 6 (0.059%)
Bosniaks 6 (0.245%) 12 (0.144%) 5 (0.055%) 14 (0.133%) 2 (0.020%)
Yugoslavs 135 (1.624%) 978 (10.830%) 37 (0.351%) 22 (0.216%)
Montenegrins 15 (0.166%) 11 (0.108%)
Albanians 6 (0.066%)

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (Plećaš & Dimitrijević 2004, p. 267):"Устаници у западној Босни, под вођством Мане Роквића, заузели су Дрвар, а Брана Богуновић је са својима заузео Босанско Грахово"
  2. ^ Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Russian and European Analysis (2002). Balkan Battlegrounds: A Military History of the Yugoslav Conflict, 1990–1995. Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency. p. 366. OCLC 50396958.
  3. ^ http://www.novosti.rs/vesti/planeta.70.html:333051-Srbi-u-Grahovu-ni-pisma-ne-nose

SourcesEdit

  • Plećaš, Neđeljko; Dimitrijević, Bojan (2004). Ratne godine. Institut za savremenu istoriju.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External linksEdit