Boryeong (Korean pronunciation: [po.ɾjʌŋ]), commonly known as Daecheon, is a city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. It is located on the coast of the Yellow Sea. It lies on the Janghang Line railroad, which connects it to Seoul via the Gyeongbu Line. It is also connected to the Seohaean Expressway. Boryeong is known around Korea for its beaches, particularly Daecheon Beach, and its annual mud festival around July, Boryeong Mud Festival. The city's beach-mud is widely touted for its cosmetic properties. As elsewhere along the southwest coast of the Korean peninsula, there are numerous small islands, many of which are connected by ferry to Daecheon Port.
|• Revised Romanization||Boryeong-si|
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||1 eup, 10 myeon, 5 dong|
|• Total||569.01 km2 (219.70 sq mi)|
|• Density||188.655/km2 (488.61/sq mi)|
Boryeong gained its present boundaries in 1995, with the merger of Boryeong-gun and Daecheon City. Previously, the 2 entities were separated in 1986, and before that time had been united under the name Boryeong County (Boryeong-gun) since the Joseon Dynasty.
Boryeong public schools are operated by the Chungnam Office of Education. There are numerous schools in the Chungnam Province which includes the city of Boryeong. The city is commonly known as either Boryeong or Daecheon. One name is older. Daecheon Beach is located about three kilometers from Boryeong and is in the same province. There are numerous hotels throughout the area and an abundance of restaurants as well as PC cafes (internet access stations). The bus line which takes you from Boryeong to the beach is a public bus line. The two areas are about 3 to 12 kilometers apart, depending on your origination or destination point. The economy is diverse. Seafood is sold in the public market in Boryeong despite the rapid westernization that is occurring. Most of the produce vendors are elderly citizens. Consequently, the old and the new have collided in Boryeong, making it a wonderful example of "Dynamic Korea", the governments phrase to describe Korea in the 21st century. Most of the fresh produce and seafood vendors do not have shops, but set up on the sidewalks in front of other businesses. Thursdays are public market days.
In addition to Daecheon Beach, the Seongjusan National Forest is located in the Boryeong area. Visitors enter by taking a bus line or by driving to the entrance of Mt. Seongjusan. The Korean word for mountain is "san", so Seong-ju is a reference to the area near the mountain. Seongjusan is 677 m. in height and has a hiking trail that takes one from the visitor's parking area to the top and around and back again. The water is pure and unspoiled as there are no large domesticated animals living above the flow of the water, and the wooden spoon provided is used by all of the visitors alike.
There are a few Korean temples in this region, notably, Seodoksa, Muryangsa, and Goransa, "-sa" being the Korean word for temple. Goransa is in an unlikely location at the bottom of a steep hill near the Han River in the part of the Province that is famous as being the center of the Baekje Dynasty. To visit Goransa, you would arrive in the city of Buyeo by car or bus. Muryangsa can also be reached by car or bus. Seodoksa can be reached by car, bus, or train.
Daecheon Station is the train depot which was opened on December 21, 2007, replacing the old station (now closed) in downtown Boryeong. It can be reached by foot, by bus or by expressway. There is only one line going through Daecheon station, Janghang Line. Main stations this line goes through is Yongsan (Seoul), Cheonan, and Iksan. Millions of people use this line to get to Daecheon every year. There is also one expressway passing Daecheon. The Seohaean Expressway 15 runs from Seoul-Incheon through Boryeong and the other way to Mokpo.
Hodo Island is located a few kilometers off the coast of Boryeong and was vulnerable to the 2007 oil spill in Taean area to the north. Hundreds of volunteers have been working to improve the area and prevent the oil from returning to the sea by the tides. Many of the volunteers came from the public schools as a result of a direct appeal by the South Korean government relayed through the provincial school districts.
|Climate data for Boryeong (1981–2010, extremes 1971–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||17.8
|Average high °C (°F)||3.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−5.0
|Record low °C (°F)||−17.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||28.1
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||9.3||7.1||7.3||7.2||7.8||8.9||14.0||12.1||8.1||6.1||9.1||10.4||107.4|
|Average snowy days||9.7||5.8||2.0||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||2.6||8.0||28.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||71.0||70.1||68.7||67.6||72.3||76.6||82.8||80.0||76.4||72.4||70.7||71.0||73.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||162.6||178.8||218.0||237.0||249.5||221.2||187.3||221.2||218.9||225.6||168.5||155.1||2,442.5|
|Percent possible sunshine||52.5||58.4||58.8||60.2||57.1||50.6||42.1||52.8||58.7||64.6||54.7||51.4||54.9|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine and snowy days)|
Notable people from BoryeongEdit
- Jun Tae-soo, South Korean actor
- Nam Hee-suk, South Korean comedian and MC
- Lee Sun-hee, South Korean singer-songwriter
- Nam Ki-won, South Korean para table tennis player and Olympic medalist
- Yi Ji-ham, Korean (Joseon Dynasty) scholar and seer
- Choi Si-han, South Korean writer, Korean literature scholar, and educator
- Deok-Kyo Oh, South Korean theologian and politician
- Yoon Bok-hee, South Korean singer-songwriter and musical actress
- Lee Mun-ku, South Korean novelist
- Kim Tae-ho, South Korean television director (Infinite Challenge)
- Park Jang-soon, South Korean freestyle wrestler, world champion and Olympic gold medalist
- Lee Dae-hyung, South Korean baseball player (outfielder)
- Park Solhee, South Korean writer
- Kim Seong-dong, South Korean author
- Maierbrugger, Arno (July 26, 2013). "Mud madness: Getting dirty in South Korea". Inside Investor. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- History, Boryeong City government website Archived February 15, 2004, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved January 8, 2006.
- 평년값자료(1981–2010) 보령(235) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 보령(235) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
- 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 보령(235) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
- "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 7, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
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