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Borna (German pronunciation: [ˈbɔɐ̯naː]) is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, capital of the Leipzig district. It is situated approximately 30 km southeast of Leipzig city. It has approx. 22,000 inhabitants. The town is the county seat of Leipzig County.

Borna
Rathaus mit Alter Wache Borna.jpg
Coat of arms of Borna
Coat of arms
Location of Borna within Leipzig district
Borna in L.svg
Borna is located in Germany
Borna
Borna
Borna is located in Saxony
Borna
Borna
Coordinates: 51°7′N 12°30′E / 51.117°N 12.500°E / 51.117; 12.500Coordinates: 51°7′N 12°30′E / 51.117°N 12.500°E / 51.117; 12.500
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictLeipzig
 • Mayor(Left)
Area
 • Total62.35 km2 (24.07 sq mi)
Elevation
159 m (522 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total19,229
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
04552
Dialling codes0 34 33
Vehicle registrationL, BNA, GHA, GRM, MTL, WUR
Websitewww.borna.de

GeographyEdit

Borna is located about 30 km (19 mi) south of Leipzig. The river Wyhra flows through the town. The surrounding landscape has been influenced by open-cast coal mining.

The town lies in the middle of Central German Metropolitan Region, with Leipzig 33 km (21 mi) distant, Gera 50 km (31 mi), Chemnitz 58 km (36 mi), Halle 67 km (42 mi), and Dresden 113 km (70 mi). Neighboring large towns are Altenburg, 17 km (11 mi) away, Grimma, 24 km (15 mi) and Zeitz 35 km (22 mi). Smaller towns and villages are shown below

HistoryEdit

Pre-history and Middle AgesEdit

The current site of Borna town was originally two settlements; Altstadt (the old town) and Wenigborn. Before the foundation of the town, there had been a water castle since the 9th Century. The first written mention of the town of Borna was recorded in 1251. Borna was burnt to the ground five times during the wars of the Middle Ages.

19th Century OnwardsEdit

 
Borna and its buildings 1840

Since the early 19th century the landscape around Borna has been shaped by open-cast mining of brown co
al (lignite) with an apex in the 1980s. For the last 20 years there have been huge efforts to revegetate this landscape e. g. by flooding opencast pits and creating new lakes as well as planting thousands of trees.

The industrialization of the town coincided with the start of lignite mining around 1800. The lignite industry was predominant in the region until recently.

PopulationEdit

(December 31 each year)

Year Inhabitants Year Inhabitants Year Inhabitants
1900 12,000
1998 20,598 2005 22,428 2012 19,.424
1999 20,365 2006 22,561 2013 19,259
2000 20,010 2007 21,539 2014 19,381
2001 19,616 2008 21,211 2015 19,672
2002 19,240 2009 20,920 2016 19,319
2003 23,200 2010 20,680
2004 22,850 2011 20,405

RailwayEdit

On January 14, 1867, with the completion of the Borna-Neukieritzsch line, Borna joined the German railway network. From Neukieritszch the line connected with the Saxon-Bavarian railway line between Leipzig and Hof. This rail connection was financed by a partnership between private concerns and the town and was the only municipal railway in the Kingdom of Saxony. On April 8, 1872 the link was extended via Geithain to Chemnitz, creating the Neukieritzsch–Chemnitz railway.

In October 2007 the 14th century romanesque building of Emmaus Church in Heuersdorf (12 km (7.5 mi) from Borna) was cut from the ground and relocated in Martin Luther Square of Borna [1]. The church's journey took a number of days.

Main sightsEdit

  • Kunigunden Church
  • Emmaus Church on Luther square (moved from nearby Heuersdorf, which was resettled because of an open coal mine in 2008)
  • Town hall
  • Secondary school Gymnasium Am Breiten Teich

GalleryEdit

Sons and daughters of the cityEdit

 
Karl Immanuel Nitzsch 1842
 
Wilhelm Külz 1946

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.

External linksEdit