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The Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002 ("BAIPA" Pub.L. 107–207, 116 Stat. 926, enacted August 5, 2002, 1 U.S.C. § 8) is an Act of Congress. It extends legal protection to an infant born alive after a failed attempt at induced abortion. It was signed by President George W. Bush.

Born-Alive Infants Protection Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleBorn-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002
Acronyms (colloquial)BAIPA
Enacted bythe 107th United States Congress
Public law107-207
Statutes at Large116 Stat. 926
Titles amended1
U.S.C. sections created1 U.S.C. § 8
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 2175 by Steve Chabot (ROH) on June 14, 2001
  • Passed the House on March 12, 2002 (186–107)
  • Passed the Senate on July 18, 2002 (unanimous consent)
  • Signed into law by President George W. Bush on August 5, 2002


Legislative historyEdit

Committee of the HouseEdit

The bill was approved by the committee on July 12, 2001. The committee consisted of 32 representatives, 25 of which voted for the bill, 2 against and 10 were not present during the vote. This vote allowed the bill to be passed onto the entire house of representatives.[4]

Interpretation of the BillEdit

  • Defines a "Born alive infant" as "Person, human being, Child, Individual".
  • Acknowledges human rights of any child born within the United States.
  • "Born Alive" is defined as the complete expulsion of an infant at any stage of development that has a heartbeat, pulsation of the umbilical cord, breath, or voluntary muscle movement, no matter if the umbilical cord has been cut or if the expulsion of the infant was natural, induced labor, cesarean section, or induced abortion.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d "Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002 (2002 - H.R. 2175)".
  2. ^ Bill history at the Library of Congress
  3. ^ President Signs Born-Alive Infants Protection Act, White House press release, 2002-08-05.
  4. ^ "Born Alive Infants Protection Act of 2001" (PDF).