Borlänge [ˈbôːˌɭɛŋːɛ] is a locality in Dalarna County, Sweden with 43,423 inhabitants as of 2019. It is the seat of the Borlänge Municipality with a total population of 51,604 inhabitants as of 2017.
Sveatorget in Borlänge in 2005
|• Total||34.36 km2 (13.27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||151 m (495 ft)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||(+46) 24|
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Originally Borlänge was the name of a tiny village, and the first historical information about it is from 1390. The village was insignificant up until about 1870. In 1875 a railway between Falun and Ludvika, via Borlänge was inaugurated and at the same time the construction of Domnarfvets Jernverk, the ironworks of neighbouring village Domnarvet, had started. Thanks to its railway station the village of Borlänge became highly important in servicing the ironworks.
In 1898, Borlänge was granted privileges by the national Swedish government as a town of its own (Swedish: köping) with about 1,300 inhabitants, but still today it belongs to the Church of Sweden's regionally historically dominant parish of Stora Tuna, centered on a large medieval cathedral by that name (meaning great enclosed farmyards), now located in a rural district east of the city. In the 1900s, the Stora Kopparbergs Bergslag - the owner of the ironworks in Domnarvet at the time - built a papermill in an adjacent village to Borlänge called Kvarnsveden. Many area residents emigrated to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
In 1944, the City of Borlänge was incorporated after the market town joined the industrial towns of Domnarvet and Kvarnsveden. In 1971 the municipality of Borlänge was established when the Stora Tuna municipality merged with the City of Borlänge.
Between 1970-1974, the Tjärna Ängar Million Programme district was built.
In the 1990s, Borlänge had the highest crime rate per thousand inhabitants, dominated by violence and theft.
During all of the 20th century Borlänge has been a typical heavy industry community with relatively good economic growth; today the service industry is also thriving and in considerable expansion.
According to the Borlänge Municipality, as of 2017, Borlänge has a population of 51,604 inhabitants. 11,693 residents in the city are of foreign origin, comprising 22.7% of the total population. Of these individuals, 8,837 were born abroad and 2,856 were born in Sweden. Most of the residents of foreign background come from Asia, Africa, other Nordic countries, and other parts of Europe.
According to the Borlänge Municipality, in the 1990s, most foreign-born residents of Borlänge arrived from Southern Europe, due to the civil wars in Yugoslavia. During the 2000s, immigrants in the city primarily came from Somalia, Iraq and Turkey. The Somalia-born immigrants mainly arrived via family reunification. This migration had decreased by the following decade, with most newcomers in Borlänge now consisting of asylum immigrants from Syria and Eritrea. As of 2016, there are 472 refugees in the municipality, most of whom originate from Syria (218), Eritrea (121), and Somalia (56). The newer asylum immigrants in the city largely emigrated from Syria and Eritrea.
As of 2017, the most common countries of origin for total foreign-born individuals residing in Borlänge are
Borlänge's official districts and their inhabitants from 1975-2010:
|Domnarvet, Medväga, Barkargärdet||2,900||3,300||3,600|
|Gylle, Åselby, Hytting, Bro||5,200||4,200||4,100|
|Idkerberget, Tuna Hästberg||750||650||550|
|Ornäs, Dalsjö, Kyna m.fl.||900||1,300||1,400|
According to the Borlänge Municipality, many of the city's inhabitants with a foreign background live in the neighborhoods of Jakobsgårdarna and Tjärna Ängar (nicknamed "Lilla Mogadishu" because of its many Somalia-born inhabitants).
An agreement between the Borlänge Municipality and the Swedish Migration Board to receive 30 refugees per year has contributed to the population growth, with many arriving via family reunification. Additionally, people have relocated to the city from other areas. Many are young, with few individuals older than 60 years of age. Over a five-year period, the number of inhabitants in Tjärna Ängar increased considerably, as 1,000 young persons relocated to the neighborhood. The new arrivals principally came from two or three foreign backgrounds, and included university students and people who had emigrated from abroad.
In its December 2015 report, the Swedish Police Authority placed the Borlänge's Tjärna Ängar district in the second highest category of urban areas with high crime rates. In the summer of 2016, there was widespread vandalism, cars were torched and when firefighters arrived, they were attacked with stones and had to wait for police to escort them in order to complete their mission. The Dalarna University College has student accommodation in the area where female students are sexually harassed by the local male youth on a regular basis and avoid going outdoors after sunset.
In a 2018 interview, the local police commissioner stated in an interview that clan leaders and religious leaders have taken over the leadership of the area, where 9 out of 10 are born abroad. Police has noted a change in 2017 when crime happens, nobody calls the police but the injured parties settle among themselves according to "an eye for an eye" in a parallel justice system. Although the official number of inhabitants are 3500, inofficially the population may be as high as 6000-10000, when water usage and the weight of generated household waste is analysed.
Borlänge has always been an industrial town surrounding the iron mill of Domnarvet (SSAB) and the paper mill of Kvarnsveden (Stora Enso). As a city with a structure heavily divided by rails and roads, with a modern city center, Borlänge also houses the head office for a state authority - the National Swedish Transport Administration Trafikverket.
Borlänge promotes itself as a shopping centre in Dalarna. This is possible due to the Kupolen area, situated about 1 kilometer west of the city centre. The Kupolen area includes Kupolen ('The Dome') Shopping Centre, IKEA and a lot of other stores. Though the district was first built to catch the interest from bypassers it has withdrawn the focus from the nearby downtown.
In the city centre you will find about 80 shops and 40 restaurants and cafés. Some with a long history; such as Qwarnströms, Almas Café, Tyllströms and Lindés Ur och Guld, but also newer ones like Selected Style, Brädgårn, Sara 1896 and Önskehuset.
The city boasts a football team that has been successful in the past, although it is currently going through some hard times. IK Brage, named after the Norse god, has a history of 18 seasons in the Swedish Premier Division (Allsvenskan). Brage plays in green and white and hosts its home games at Domnarvsvallen Stadium in Borlänge, with a seating capacity of 6,500. Another Borlänge team which has had a great deal of success in the sport, with both domestic and foreign fans following their progress, is the multicultural soccer team Dalkurd FF.
Other sports clubs located in Borlänge include:
The 2008 Women's Bandy World Championship was also arranged with Borlänge as the main venue.
As is the case with its twin city, Falun, music is an important part of Borlänge. It has been the hometown of many new young musicians in Sweden such as Mando Diao, Sugarplum Fairy and Miss Li and offers the possibility to get a degree in popular music at BoomTown Music Education, a branch of the School of Music at Luleå University of Technology.
The stoner rock band STONEWALL NOISE ORCHESTRA (stylized S*N*O) was formed 2004 in Borlänge.
The annual Peace & Love music festival is hosted in Borlänge.
- Ahmad Khan Mahmoodzada, actor, The Kite Runner (film)
- Simon Aspelin, tennis player
- Astral Doors, heavy metal band
- Jens Bergenström hockey player
- Jussi Björling, tenor
- Dozer, stoner rock band
- Erik Eriksson, Centre Party's first chairman
- Tomas Forslund, ice hockey player
- Per Fosshaug, bandy player
- Lars Frölander, swimmer
- Greenleaf, stoner rock band
- Lars Jonsson, ice hockey player
- Gabriel Karlsson hockey player
- Mando Diao, rock band
- Miss Li, musician
- Lasse Nilsson, football player
- Mattias Ritola hockey player
- Rootvälta, reggae band
- Sator, rock band (earlier Sator Codex)
- Sugarplum Fairy, rock band
- Johan Olof Wallin, archbishop, poet and psalmist
- Tess Asplund, activist - Borlänge is the site of her protest against neo-Nazis
- Mattias Ekholm, - NHL Hockey Player for Nashville Predators
- Nils Patrik Johansson, heavy metal singer
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Borlänge.|
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Tätorter" (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
- "Befolkningsprognos för Borlänge kommun 2017-2027" (PDF). Borlänge Municipality. pp. 17–18, 20. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- Find-a-Grave article
- Neuding, Paulina (2018-08-13). "När vad som helst kan hända". Kvartal (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-08-16.
- "Vad har hänt med min hemstad Borlänge?". Expressen (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "MÅL OCH STRATEGI för boendeutvecklingen i Borlänge kommun 2011-2014 med utsikt mot 2022" (PDF). Borlänge Municipality. pp. 13–15, 23, 28. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- "Borlänges modell går på export". Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
- Utsatta områden - sociala risker, kollektiv förmåga och oönskade händelser (PDF). Police in Sweden - Nationella Operativa Avdelningen - December 2015. p. 29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2016.
- Radio, Sveriges. "Bilbränder i Tjärna Ängar - då kastades sten mot brandkåren - P4 Dalarna". Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- ""Hatet i stan hade varit tio gånger större utan bandyn" - DN.SE". DN.SE (in Swedish). 2017-01-14. Archived from the original on 14 January 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- Fler bilbränder på Tjärna Ängar (in Swedish), 2016-07-18, archived from the original on 2017-12-09, retrieved 2017-12-09
- "Förföljelser, sexuella trakasserier och knivhot – studenter berättar om Borlänges studentboenden". dalademokraten.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "Studenterna själva sågar Borlänge som studentstad – "Jag känner mig inte säker här!"". dalademokraten.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "Swede to coach first Somalia bandy team". Radio Sweden. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
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