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Boris Dimitrievich Pankin (Russian: Борис Дмитриевич Панкин; born 20 February 1931, in Frunze) was Soviet and Russian diplomat acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR for a brief period in 1991.
|Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union|
28 August – 18 November 1991
|Preceded by||Alexander Bessmertnykh|
|Succeeded by||Eduard Shevardnadze|
|Born||20 February 1931|
Bishkek, Kirgiz SSR, Soviet Union
|Nationality||Soviet and Russian|
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
A reformer and journalist, Pankin was Soviet Ambassador to Sweden for eight years from 1982 to 1990. He was brought in to clean up after the Soviet Union's reputation was seriously tarnished in the aftermath of a diplomatic scandal in which a Soviet Whiskey class submarine became marooned in Swedish territorial waters outside of Karlskrona. The incident became widely known as "Whiskey on the Rocks." Pankin became, and remains, very popular in Sweden, and was the Soviet Union's longest-serving Swedish envoy (although Alexandra Kollontai was Soviet Union's leading diplomat in Stockholm 1930-45, and with the rank of ambassador from 1943).
Pankin was the last Soviet Ambassador to Czechoslovakia (1990–1991). Pankin is credited with preventing the Communist-Czechoslovak government from interfering in the Velvet Revolution - which led to playwright and dissident Václav Havel's rise to the presidency. Pankin is best known for being the highest-ranking diplomat to stand against the August putsch which sought to bring down Mikhail Gorbachev, the last Soviet leader and promulgator of Glasnost and Perestroika. Pankin was later recalled to Moscow to become Gorbachev's Foreign Minister.
August 28, 1991 President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev signed a decree appointing Pankin Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR and submitted this decision to the Supreme Soviet however, this decree was not approved. Despite this, Pankin de facto served as minister. He headed the Foreign Ministry until November 18 of the same year.
Soviet Foreign MinisterEdit
Pankin had only 100 days to serve as Foreign Minister before the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991. In that short period, he established diplomatic relations with the State of Israel, began the Soviet-US disarmament process, brought the Soviet Union closer to the European Union and purged the KGB from the ranks of the Soviet Foreign Ministry.
Pankin now lives in Västerort in Stockholm, Sweden, and works as a lecturer and writer. In January 2005 he was given the "Stockholm Citizen of the Month Award" by the local government, recognizing his dedication and loyalty to his adopted home - the city of Stockholm. Boris Pankin sits on the Board of Advisors of the Global Panel Foundation[permanent dead link].
- Сайт Клуба выпускников МГУ
- Радио Свобода. Лицом к лицу
- Мистеры Нет и Мистеры Да
- Как Ельцин уничтожил внешнюю политику СССР
- Восстановлены дипломатические отношения между СССР и Израилем // Известия, 19 октября 1991 г.
- Панкин дал чехам вольную
- Леонид Млечин. МИД. Министры иностранных дел. Внешняя политика России: от Ленина и Троцкого – до Путина и Медведева
- Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 16.09.1993 № 1388 «Об освобождении Панкина Б. Д. от обязанностей Чрезвычайного и Полномочного Посла Российской Федерации»