Borders of Russia

Typical border marker of Russia

Russia has international borders with 16 sovereign states, including two with maritime boundaries (US, Japan), as well as with the partially recognized states of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. With a land border running 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi) in total, Russia has (after China), the second-longest land border of any country.


Russia shares borders with more countries than any other state in the world. This includes two partially recognized countries, and two with aquatic boundaries (see below; in italics).

Table of countries with a land border with Russia
(listed anti-clockwise around Russia).[1]
Country Length in km
Land Sea
  Norway 195.8 23.3
  Finland 1,271.8 54.0
  Estonia 324.8 142.0
  Latvia 270.5 0.0
  Lithuania 266.0 22.4
  Poland 204.1 32.2
  Belarus 1,239.0 0.0
  Ukraine 2,093.6 567.0
  Georgia 875.5 22.4
  Azerbaijan 327.6 22.4
  Kazakhstan 7,512.8 85.8
  China 4,209.3 0.0
  Mongolia 3,485.0 0.0
  North Korea 17.3 22.1
  Japan 0.0 194.3
  United States 0.0 49.0

Border detailsEdit

Below is a list of subjects with both neighboring regions of Russia with them, and in the neighboring regions of foreign countries.

Northwestern Federal DistrictEdit

Republic of Karelia

Komi Republic

Arkhangelsk Oblast

Vologda Oblast

Kaliningrad Oblast

Leningrad Oblast

Murmansk Oblast

Novgorod Oblast

Pskov Oblast

Saint Petersburg

Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Volga Federal DistrictEdit

Southern Federal DistrictEdit

North Caucasian Federal DistrictEdit

Ural Federal DistrictEdit

Siberian Federal DistrictEdit

Altai Republic




Altai Krai

Zabaykalsky Krai

Krasnoyarsk Krai

Irkutsk Oblast

Kemerovo Oblast

Novosibirsk Oblast

Omsk Oblast

Tomsk Oblast

Far Eastern Federal DistrictEdit


The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia.[2][3] Since 1991 Russia also leases Sevastopol Naval Base with current lease extending to 2040s with an option for another extension, but the State Duma approved the denunciation of this lease agreements unanimously by 433 members of parliament on 31 March 2014.[4]

Republic of Crimea


See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Timeline". 13 November 2014 – via
  4. ^ State Duma approves denunciation of Russian-Ukrainian agreements on Black Sea Fleet, ITAR-TASS (31 March 2014)

External linksEdit