Boonsboro, Maryland

Boonsboro is a town in Washington County, Maryland, United States, located at the foot of South Mountain. It nearly borders Frederick County and is proximate to the Antietam National Battlefield. The population was 3,336 at the 2010 census.

Boonsboro, Maryland
Downtown Boonsboro
Downtown Boonsboro
Location in Maryland
Location in Maryland
Coordinates: 39°30′30″N 77°39′14″W / 39.50833°N 77.65389°W / 39.50833; -77.65389Coordinates: 39°30′30″N 77°39′14″W / 39.50833°N 77.65389°W / 39.50833; -77.65389
CountryUnited States
StateMaryland
CountyWashington
Founded1792
Incorporated1831
Government
 • MayorHoward W. Long
Area
 • Town3.06 sq mi (7.92 km2)
 • Land3.05 sq mi (7.91 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)  0.34%
 • Urban
1.34 sq mi (3.43 km2)
Elevation
545 ft (166 m)
Population
 • Town3,336
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,655
 • Density1,197.18/sq mi (462.25/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
21713
Area code(s)301, 240
FIPS code24-08625
GNIS feature ID0589787
Website[1]

HistoryEdit

Local lore asserts Boonsboro was founded by George Boone, a cousin of Daniel Boone, and was originally named "Margaretsville" after his wife. The town was incorporated as Boonesborough in 1831. Local newspapers and villagers preferred the name Boonsboro. The former name was used on some documents as late as 1903.

Boonsboro was a key town during the American Civil War. Two battles were fought in its present borders. The town was also used to keep wounded soldiers after the Battle of Antietam in September 1862.

Boonsboro lies on what used to be the National Road. Today it is known as either the Old National Pike or Alt-U.S. 40. In Boonsboro it is Main Street. The route was originally established as a road improvement project in 1758 to shorten travel between Fredericktown and Fort Frederick during the Seven Years' War.[4] The route began from the existing (old) road at today's Marker road, passed through Turner's Gap, Boonsboro and turned west along today's MD. Rt. 68 to Williamsport.[5] The route from Boonsboro to Funkstown was later adopted as part of the National Turnpike route.

The town suffered a fire at the former Asaro's (its successor Vesta moved to the building across) in 2007, and a fire at the former inn in 2008. That fire completely gutted the inn, which was on the verge of being renovated and reopened. The Inn BoonsBoro finally opened a year later; it is owned by best-selling romance novelist Nora Roberts.[6]

The Boonsboro Historic District, Bowman House, Ingram-Schipper Farm, Keedy House, St. Mark's Episcopal Church, and Washington Monument are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

GeographyEdit

Boonsboro is located at 39°30′30″N 77°39′14″W / 39.50833°N 77.65389°W / 39.50833; -77.65389.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.91 square miles (7.54 km2), of which 2.90 square miles (7.51 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[9]

Boonsboro is located just 1 mile west of the Appalachian Trail and is a popular spot for Hikers.

Boonsboro is the starting point for the JFK 50 mile race held every year in November.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850943
1860864−8.4%
1870835−3.4%
18808592.9%
1890766−10.8%
1900700−8.6%
19107598.4%
1920350−53.9%
19303695.4%
1940938154.2%
19501,07114.2%
19601,21113.1%
19701,41016.4%
19801,90835.3%
19902,44528.1%
20002,80314.6%
20103,33619.0%
2019 (est.)3,655[3]9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,336 people, 1,237 households, and 879 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,150.3 inhabitants per square mile (444.1/km2). There were 1,327 housing units at an average density of 457.6 per square mile (176.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.4% White, 2.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 1,237 households, of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.9% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the town was 40.8 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 16.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,803 people, 1,068 households, and 723 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,851.0 people per square mile (716.7/km2). There were 1,109 housing units at an average density of 732.3 per square mile (283.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.04% White, 0.75% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population.

There were 1,068 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,476, and the median income for a family was $48,155. Males had a median income of $37,683 versus $25,673 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,430. About 7.8% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

GovernmentEdit

Boonsboro has a seven-member Town Council, which serves as the legislative body of the Town. In Boonsboro, from 1831 through 1939, Mayors (originally called Burgesses) were elected annually. From 1940 through 1975, they served two-year terms. Since 1976, Mayors have been chosen for four-year terms, except for the previous mayor, who had been in office from 1988 through 2016.

Boonsboro's current Mayor is Howard W. Long.

Previous Mayors include:[12]

EducationEdit

Boonsboro is served by a 90-acre (360,000 m2) educational complex. It consists of the following schools:

The current principal of Boonsboro High School is Sherry Hamilton.[13]

TransportationEdit

 
US 40 Alternate entering Boonsboro

The primary means of travel to and from Boonsboro is by road. Five main highways serve the town, with the most prominent of these being U.S. Route 40 Alternate. US 40 Alt follows Main Street through central Boonsboro, linking westward to Hagerstown and eastward to Frederick. In addition to US 40 Alt, Maryland Route 34 connects Boonsboro to Sharpsburg, Maryland Route 66 connects the town to Interstate 70, Maryland Route 67 connects it to U.S. Route 340, and Maryland Route 68 links to Interstate 81 and Williamsport.

Notable peopleEdit

Area attractionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ 1758 Frederick Co. court records
  5. ^ Older, Curtis (2009). The Braddock Expedition and Fox's Gap in Maryland. Heritage Books. ISBN 1585493015.
  6. ^ La Gorce, Tammy (April 29, 2010). "Maryland's Civil War Country Seeks a Softer Side". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/mdmanual/37mun/boonsboro/html/bmayors.html
  13. ^ Message from BHS Principal Archived March 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 13 September 2011.

External linksEdit