Bonnie Michelle Dumanis (born December 16, 1951) was the District Attorney of San Diego County, California. She held the office 2003 to 2017. Dumanis is a Republican, though the office she held was officially nonpartisan. She was the first openly gay or lesbian DA in the country. She was the first woman and the first Jewish District Attorney in San Diego.
|San Diego County District Attorney|
|Preceded by||Paul Pfingst|
|Succeeded by||Summer Stephan|
Bonnie Michelle Dumanis
December 16, 1951
|Residence||San Diego, California|
|Alma mater||University of Massachusetts Amherst (BA)|
Western State University College of Law (JD)
Early life and educationEdit
Dumanis grew up in Brockton, Massachusetts, the daughter of Ann and Abraham "Abe" Dumanis. Her father was a truck driver as well as a professional musician; her mother worked for a government program assisting women and children. Dumanis received a Bachelor of Arts in sociology from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She received her Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from Western State University College of Law (now Thomas Jefferson School of Law) in 1976, and was admitted to the bar in 1977.
Her first job was as a junior typist in San Diego County while she studied law at night. Following her admission to the State Bar of California, she served as a Deputy District Attorney from 1978 to 1990.
In 1994, she was elected to the Municipal Court where she served for four years and started the first Drug Courts in San Diego. In 1998, she was elected to the San Diego Superior Court where she started the Domestic Violence Court program to reduce recurrences by perpetrators.
In 2003 she ran for District Attorney and defeated incumbent Paul Pfingst. She ran for re-election unopposed in 2006 and 2010. She faced two challengers when she ran for a fourth term in 2014, but won re-election in the June primary, getting 55% of the vote.
In 2006 she campaigned for California Proposition 83 (2006), California's version of Jessica's Law, which restricts where paroled sex offenders can live and requires them to wear tracking devices.
In January 2017 she said she would not run for a fifth term when her current term expires in 2018. In April 2017 she announced her intention to resign her office effective July 7. In 2018 she ran for a seat on the San Diego County Board of Supervisors, but lost to former state Assemblyman Nathan Fletcher.
D.C. v. HellerEdit
Dumanis filed an amicus curiae brief in the case D.C. v. Heller, supporting the District of Columbia's ban on keeping functional firearms in the home for self-defense, and on the possession of handguns.
In April 2008, a woman accused and convicted by Dumanis's office of murder, was released, after over two years of incarceration. Cynthia Sommer was convicted of fatally poisoning her Miramar Marine husband with arsenic. Charges were dropped on reasonable doubt after conclusions reached by toxicology experts during a review, prompted by the defense, of the evidence used for trial and conviction. Dumanis said her office acted based on available evidence when it charged Sommer with murder in March 2006 and tried her in January 2007.
In February 2009, the District Attorney's office filed charges against 33 individuals charged in a drug investigation called Endless Summer. In a press conference for the operation, Dumanis said the investigation was to protect military housing. After further investigation it was revealed that 14 of those arrested are medical marijuana patients who were the initial target of the investigation named Green RX. Most of those charged were shown not to have any ties to the military, as initially claimed by Dumanis' office. Since that time at least two of the 14 medical marijuana defendants have been acquitted by juries; jurors said the law was unclear or ambiguous. One of those defendants was acquitted in 2009 and tried a second time in 2010 based on a different raid; he was convicted but the conviction was overturned. In October 2013 Dumanis' office took him to trial a third time in San Diego Superior Court. The case has been described as "a symbol of the effort by Dumanis and other prosecutors across the state to criminalize storefront medical marijuana dispensaries".
Dumanis ran to become the mayor of San Diego in 2012 and lost. Not long after, Dumanis was accused of accepting illegal donations. She testified in a federal court trial for José Susumo Azano Matsura, a wealthy Mexican businessman, who was charged with making $600,000 in illegal political donations. Although it is illegal for foreign nationals to make donations to U.S. political campaigns, he donated to officials including Dumanis and Bob Filner. Dumanis said under oath that she had believed Matsura was a U.S. citizen and barely knew him, having met him on only two occasions. Matsura claimed she knew he was a foreign citizen. Later, Matsura's attorney contended in a court filing that Dumanis had visited Matsura at his home, and that Matsura had told Dumanis in a meeting he only had a Mexican passport and a visa. When asked why she had accepted a contribution worth about $100,000 from Matsura just two months after the meetings, she said she hadn't known where the money came from at the time. It also was revealed that in September 2012, four months after the meetings, Dumanis wrote a letter of recommendation for Matsura's son (whom she had never met) to include in his application to the University of San Diego.
In 2015, Dumanis was criticized for prosecuting a group of young black men for belonging to the same gang as suspects in a Lincoln Park shooting. Though Dumanis acknowledged some of the men had nothing to do with the crimes committed in the case, they faced life in prison due to rap lyrics and social media posts indicating they socialized with gang members. In 2018, Dumanis apologized for pursuing those prosecutions.
Dumanis has been accused of taking two pensions at the same time and using her lawyers to influence 2017 pension law changes that would allow her to receive the salary for County Supervisor in addition to her current two pensions. She had previously fought to end guaranteed pensions in San Diego.
In 2015, while District Attorney of San Diego, Dumanis began receiving a pension of $29,318/year (she was a judge in 1995–2003) in addition to her salary, and she received both pension and salary from January 2015 to July 2017. The practice of double-dipping pensions is largely banned in San Diego county, but as of 2018 after retiring from both jobs, Dumanis continues to receive both pensions for a total of about $298,400/year because they come from different pension systems.
Not long before Dumanis announced her intention to run for San Diego county supervisor in September 2017, there was a change in county laws regarding pensions. Under the new system, she would be allowed to take the county supervisor salary in addition to her current two pensions. In January 2018, it was reported in the San Diego Union-Tribune that Dumanis' lawyers had extensively lobbied pension officials to change the law, with more than 80 pages of exchanges between Dumanis' lawyers and pension officials throughout 2017. She paid the lawyers with campaign contributions for about $5,600 worth of services. Dumanis' lawyers also sent a memo confirming that the new legislation would allow a former official with a pension (like Dumanis) to also take a salary. This led to widespread speculation that Dumanis was planning to try to take the salary in addition to her two pensions.
Dumanis stated that the change of law had nothing to do with her. When asked why her lawyers had been so closely involved with the law change, Dumanis said they had sent a "strategy memo", and that she knew of five other people in government who received a salary and a pension at the same time. After the controversy, she pledged multiple times to forgo the $172,000 county supervisor salary if she won the seat.
Dumanis opposed California Proposition 64 (which in 2016 legalized cannabis for adults) and has been characterized as tough on cannabis-related crimes. In May 2017, a SWAT team raided the San Diego home of medical marijuana lawyer Jessica McElfresh. Dumanis charged McElfresh with being an accessory to a crime due to her representation of a licensed cannabis manufacturer and distributor, after the owner of the clinic was accused of manufacturing a controlled substance. Dumanis also demanded to see records about McElfresh's other clients, which was criticized for possibly violating attorney-client privilege. Ultimately, the felony prosecution was dismissed in exchange for the attorney pleading guilty to an infraction, for which there was a $250.00 fine.
- Moran, Greg (2017-06-20). "Summer Stephan Unanimous Pick to Be San Diego County's Interim District Attorney". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Broder, John M. (2002-11-13). "In a First, a Lesbian Is Elected District Attorney in San Diego". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Lantry, Jim (2003-01-17). "Three Jews Sworn into County Office". San Diego Jewish Press-Heritage. Archived from the original on 2006-03-19.
- "Abraham "Abe" Dumanis". The Boston Globe Obituaries. Legacy.com. n.d. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Hong, Peter Y. (2003-02-22). "New D.A. Breaks Down Old Stereotypes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- "Bonnie M. Dumanis". San Diego County District Attorney. n.d. Archived from the original on 2016-07-16.
- "Attorney Licensee Profile: Bonnie Michelle Dumanis #74343". The State Bar of California. n.d. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Wilkens, John (2003-01-05). "Her Path to Success". SignOn San Diego. Archived from the original on 2003-01-07.
- Garske, Monica (2014-06-03). "DA Dumanis to Serve 4th Term". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- "San Diego Mayor's Race Begins to Take Shape". The San Diego Union-Tribune. 2011-03-10. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Stickney, R.; Ojeda, Artie; Steussy, Lauren (2012-06-05). "San Diego Mayoral Race Results". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- "DA Dumanis Endorses DeMaio, Blasts Filner". The San Diego Union-Tribune. 2012-10-29. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- "Laws Restricting Lives of Sex Offenders Raise Constitutional Questions". PBS NewsHour. 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Rider, Richard (2008-02-27). "DA Dumanis 'Strong Supporter' of 2nd Amendment?". North County Times. Archived from the original on 2009-07-17.
- "District Attorney Wants D.C. Handgun Ban Upheld". The San Diego Union-Tribune. 2008-01-14. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Coll-Very, Alexis S.; Strauss, Simona G.; Bussey, Jason; et al. (2008-01-11). "Amici Curiae Brief of District Attorneys in Support of Petitioners" (PDF). SCOTUSblog. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Littlefield, Dana (2008-04-18). "Case vs. Marine's Widow Is Dropped". SignOn San Diego. Archived from the original on 2009-05-01.
- Devine, Rory; Page, Eric (2009-07-17). "33 Busted in Operation Endless Summer". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- McDonald, Jeff (2009-02-23). "Many in Drug Sting Lack Military Ties". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- "Medical Pot Patient Acquitted of Drug Charges". ABC 10News. 2010-03-25. Archived from the original on 2018-11-12.
- Moran, Greg (2009-12-02). "Manager of Medical Pot Dispensary Is Acquitted". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Kopycinski, Gary (2013-10-21). "Third Trial Begins for San Diego Medical Marijuana Dispensary Operator, After Winning Landmark Right to a Defense". eNews Park Forest. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Carlson, Kelley (2011-01-20). "New Name, Big Plans for Women's History Museum in 2011". La Jolla Light. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31.
- Murray Ramirez, Nicole (2013-10-03). "Bonnie Dumanis Honored". San Diego LGBT Weekly. Archived from the original on 2017-09-21.
- "San Diego D.A. Bonnie Dumanis Gets Subpoenaed". CBS News 8. 2016-08-11. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Sharma, Anita (2017-10-26). "Mexican Billionaire Drops Potential Bombshell Against Former DA Dumanis One Day Before His Sentencing". KPBS. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Dillon, Liam (2014-07-01). "Timeline: What We Know About the DA and the Mexican Businessman". Voice of San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Littlefield, Dana; Moran, Greg (2016-09-09). "Wealthy Mexican Businessman Convicted of Making Illegal Contributions to San Diego Candidates". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Moran, Greg (2017-10-26). "Dumanis Knew Azano Was Not a Citizen, Sought His Campaign Support Anyway, Defense Lawyer Says". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- "Bonnie Dumanis Releases Controversial Letter, Takes Shots at the Media". San Diego CityBeat. 2014-07-09. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Littlefield, Dana (2017-07-09). "Column: What DA Dumanis Learned After Gang-Conspiracy Cases Sparked Backlash". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Harvey, Aaron (2016-09-27). "The List That Can Take Your Life". HuffPost. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Libby, Sara (2015-03-04). "Guilt by Association: Facebook Pics Could Help Send a Young Man to Prison for Life". Voice of San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Lewis, Scott (2018-05-10). "Special Podcast: The Bonnie Dumanis Interview". Voice of San Diego Podcast (Podcast). Voice of San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- McGlone, Ashly (2018-02-20). "Dumanis Not Interested in Pension Reform at County". Voice of San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- McGlone, Ashly (2018-02-21). "Dumanis Collected Pension and Salary in Last Two Years as DA". Voice of San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- McDonald, Jeff (2018-01-29). "Dumanis Sought to Protect Her Pension Before Announcing Run for County Board of Supervisors". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- McDonald, Jeff (2018-02-14). "Dumanis Again Pledges Not to 'Double Dip,' Says She Will Forsake Pay if Elected County Supervisor". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Cubbison, Gene (2018-02-16). "Supervisor Candidate Dumanis Won't 'Double-Dip' if Elected". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- McDonald, Jeff (2018-02-04). "Dumanis Used Campaign Funds to Pay Law Firm That Handled Pension Issue". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Bosh, Steve (2018-02-14). "Pension Double-Dipping". KUSI News. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- McDonald, Jeff (2017-04-28). "Dumanis Got Campaign Money from Pot Shop Landlords". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Scheinbaum, Chase (2017-07-07). "San Diego DA's Exit Is a Celebration for All, Especially Cannabis Advocates". Leafly. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Fry, Wendy (2017-05-24). "DA Files Charges Against Medical Marijuana Business Owner: Attorney". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Pishko, Jessica (2017-09-29). "District Attorneys Gone Wild". Slate. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Valdez, Jonah (2017-08-10). "San Diego DA's Prosecution of Pot Attorney Has Sent Chills Through the Legal Community". KPBS. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Marx, Jesse (2017-12-11). "Long, Strange Marijuana Case Takes Another Turn in Pot Entrepreneur's Favor". Voice of San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
- Marx, Jesse (2018-07-24). "DA Drops Felony Charges Against Lawyer Who Defended Marijuana Businessman". Voice of San Diego. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
| San Diego County District Attorney