Bongardia is a very small genus of plants belonging to the family Berberidaceae, and first described in 1831.[2][3] There are only two known species, Bongardia chrysogonum C.A.Mey., native to North Africa, Greece, and the Middle East and B. margalla R.R.Stewart ex Qureshi & Chaudhri, native to Pakistan.[1][4][5] The genus was monotypic until 1996, when the Pakistani populations were recognised by Govaerts as belonging to a second, distinct species.[6]

Bongardia
The floral cabinet and magazine of exotic botany (1840) (14775572821).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Bongardia
C.A.Mey.
Species:
B. chrysogonum
Binomial name
Bongardia chrysogonum
Spach 1839 not Boiss.1867
Synonyms[1]
  • Bongardia margalla R.R.Stewart ex Qureshi & Chaudhri, name published without description
  • Bongardia olivieri C.A.Mey.
  • Bongardia rauwolfii C.A.Mey. (type species)
  • Leontice chrysogonum L.

The species are tuberous, herbaceous plants with a large rounded tuber and attractive pinnate leaves. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). These rare and striking plants are native to rocky, montane slopes and cultivated fields where summers are dry and winters are spent under snow. The genus was named in honour of Gustav Heinrich von Bongard (1786–1839), a German botanist, professor at St. Petersburg Imperial University.[7] Leaves and root are edible.[8]

CultivationEdit

The plants grow well in sandy well-drained soil in full sun. A porous soil and year-round protection from excessive moisture with a period of hot summer drought are required for them to thrive. They are propagated from seed.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Flora of Pakistan, Page 4, Bongardia chrysogonum (Linn.) Spach
  2. ^ Tropicos, Bongardia C.A. Mey.
  3. ^ Meyer, Carl Anton. 1831. Verzeichniss Pfl. Caucasus 174.
  4. ^ Flowers in Israel
  5. ^ Kew Plants of the World Online https://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:932450-1 Retrieved at 10.13 on Wednesday 20/4/22.
  6. ^ Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  7. ^ Czech Botany, dřišťálovité, Bongardia chrysogonum (L.) Spach
  8. ^ Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York
  9. ^ Lord, Tony (2003) Flora: the Gardener's Bible; more than 20,000 garden plants from around the world. London: Cassell ISBN 0-304-36435-5