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Bongabon, officially the Municipality of Bongabon, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 64,173 people.[3]

Municipality of Bongabon
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Bongabon
Map of Nueva Ecija with Bongabon highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with Bongabon highlighted
Bongabon is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°37′52″N 121°08′38″E / 15.6311°N 121.1439°E / 15.6311; 121.1439Coordinates: 15°37′52″N 121°08′38″E / 15.6311°N 121.1439°E / 15.6311; 121.1439
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceNueva Ecija
District3rd District
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAllan Xystus A. Gamilla
 • Electorate38,179 voters (2016)
 • Total286.95 km2 (110.79 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total64,173
 • Density220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)157.1 million  (2016)
Native languagesIlocano

It has an area of 28,352.90 hectares (70,061.5 acres), and is the leading producer of onion in the Philippines and in Southeast Asia.

Each barangay in Bongabon has its own fiesta. The town fiesta, celebrated annually on the 1st to 2nd week of April, is known as the Sibuyasan Onion Festival.


Bongabon is politically subdivided into 28 barangays, listed here with their 2010 populations:


The Augustinian missionaries who preached Catholicism in Pampanga extended their outposts into what is now the province of Nueva Ecija by following the Rio Grande dela Pampanga. Thus, Santol (present day Barangay Santor) was part of Pantabangan and established in 1659. In 1760, Bongabon was named as a town and parish under the patronage of St. Francis of Assisi.

Bongabon was the first capital of Nueva Ecija.

Philippine Revolution under the Spanish Colonial PeriodEdit

When the Philippine Revolution began on 1896 to 1898 against Spain. The Philippine Revolutionary and Republican troops with the aid of Katipunero rebels invaded the municipal town of Bongabon and fought the Spanish Colonial forces and started the Siege of Bongabon. The Filipino revolutionary troops and Katipunero rebel fighters captured the municipal town after the siege forcing the Spanish troops to retreat.

Philippine-American War and the American Colonial PeriodEdit

With the outbreak of the Philippine–American War on 1899 to 1902, the town saw the arrival of American troops which fought the Filipino revolutionary troops and Katipuneros in the Battle of Bongabon on 1899. In the ensuing battle, the town was captured by the American troops.


YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,923—    
1918 4,532+0.97%
1939 11,885+4.70%
1948 14,958+2.59%
1960 20,854+2.81%
1970 25,434+2.00%
1975 29,932+3.32%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 32,451+1.63%
1990 39,616+2.02%
1995 44,856+2.35%
2000 49,255+2.03%
2007 63,639+3.60%
2010 59,343−2.51%
2015 64,173+1.50%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]


The majority of the people of the municipality are Roman Catholic. The members of the Iglesia ni Cristo are growing in number and are second to the Catholics in membership. Other sects in the municipality are the Methodists, Iglesia ng Dios, Seventh-day Adventists, etc.

Tourism, art and cultureEdit

  • Sibuyas Festival is celebrated as a form of thanksgiving every 10th of April, and a way to promote and show their town as one of the largest producers of onion in Asia.
  • Ilog Jordan at Brgy. Olivete - This place is a popular Lenten destination for people seeking spiritual rejuvenation and healing.
  • Falls Deepsap at Brgy. Labi - A good place to visit during summer, the falls offers a cold shimmering water perfect to beat heatwaves. Its water comes from the untainted Sierra Madre Mountain.
  • Mount Labi Peak at Brgy. Labi

Health careEdit

Bongabon District Hospital, a government hospital located at Brgy. Curva, Bongabon, Nueva Ecija


Most are public schools from primary to secondary. Bongabon National High School is located at Brgy. Sinipit, Bongabon, Nueva Ecija, Philippines. Many of the students are going to Cabanatuan City to continue their college.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  5. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  6. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit