Bonaparte, Iowa

Bonaparte is a city in Van Buren County, Iowa, United States. The population was 359 at the 2020 census.[2]

Bonaparte, Iowa
Bonaparte, Iowa.jpg
Location of Bonaparte, Iowa
Location of Bonaparte, Iowa
Coordinates: 40°42′0″N 91°48′3″W / 40.70000°N 91.80083°W / 40.70000; -91.80083Coordinates: 40°42′0″N 91°48′3″W / 40.70000°N 91.80083°W / 40.70000; -91.80083
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Iowa.svg Iowa
CountyVan Buren
Area
 • Total0.37 sq mi (0.97 km2)
 • Land0.37 sq mi (0.97 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
548 ft (167 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total359
 • Density959.89/sq mi (370.56/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
52620
Area code319
FIPS code19-07345
GNIS feature ID0454744

The town is located on the Des Moines River and contains a number of historical buildings, including a large pottery.

HistoryEdit

The area was established in 1837[3] by William Meek, and named Meek's Mill. The lots were resurveyed in 1841, and the name was changed to Bonaparte.[4] Another townsite called Napoleon was established across the river, though it was never developed. William Meek was an admirer of the Emperor, and was responsible for both names. The town was incorporated in 1899.[5]

The town was flooded during the Flood of 1851.

Bonaparte is located along the historic Mormon Trail, and there are five sites in or near Bonaparte listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Charles E. Pickett, who served two terms as a U.S. Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district, was born near Bonaparte.

GeographyEdit

Bonaparte's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 40.699914, -91.800837.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.37 square miles (0.96 km2), all land.[7]

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1880689—    
1890762+10.6%
1900898+17.8%
1910597−33.5%
1920656+9.9%
1930678+3.4%
1940653−3.7%
1950642−1.7%
1960574−10.6%
1970517−9.9%
1980489−5.4%
1990465−4.9%
2000458−1.5%
2010433−5.5%
2020359−17.1%
Source:"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-03-29. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[8][2]
 
The population of Bonaparte, Iowa from US census data

2010 censusEdit

At the 2010 census,[9] there were 433 people, 190 households and 117 families living in the city. The population density was 1,170.3 inhabitants per square mile (451.9/km2). There were 212 housing units at an average density of 573.0 per square mile (221.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.3% White, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 190 households, of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age was 37.3 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 censusEdit

At the 2000 census,[10] of 2000, there were 458 people, 190 households and 121 families living in the city. The population density was 1,254.2 inhabitants per square mile (484.2/km2). There were 212 housing units at an average density of 580.6 per square mile (224.2/km2). The racial makeup was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.31% of the population.

There were 190 households, of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.02.

27.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median household income was $28,438 and the median family income was $33,750. Males had a median income of $30,057 and females $19,479. The per capita income was $12,479. About 16.5% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

The community is served by the Van Buren County Community School District.[11] It was previously in the Harmony Community School District,[12] until it merged into Van Buren County CSD on July 1, 2019.[13]

In the newsEdit

On October 14, 2006, five Bonaparte natives were murdered in their home. Michael Bentler, 53, his wife Sandra, 47, and their three daughters: Sheena, 17, Shelby, 15 and Shayne, 14, were pronounced dead at the scene. The family's oldest and surviving child, Shawn Michael Bentler, 22, was arrested in Illinois on unrelated drug charges. The following Sunday afternoon, he was charged with five counts of first-degree murder, in what has been characterized by the media as one of the worst mass murders in Iowa history.[14] Shawn was found guilty on May 24, 2007.

On October 25, 1996, Bonaparte was the location of a supposed birthday party for Laura Van Wyhe, the 21-year-old mother who was found fatally injured hours later in Kahoka, Missouri. "Bonaparte" is the name of the 2021 podcast about the circumstances of her death, and her decades-old unsolved case.[15]

Notable personEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  3. ^ The History of Van Buren County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, &c. Western Historical Company. 1878. pp. 484.
  4. ^ Chapman, Kimbre (Jan 29, 2004). "Hometown spotlight". McCook Daily Gazette. p. 41. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  5. ^ Savage, Tom (2007). A Dictionary of Iowa Place-Names. University of Iowa Press. ISBN 9781587297595.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "Van Buren County" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved 2020-04-05.
  12. ^ "Harmony." Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved on June 20, 2018.
  13. ^ "Iowa Educational Directory 2019-2020 School Year" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. p. 175. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-04-05. Retrieved 2020-04-05. (PDF p. 177/186) - From section "REORGANIZATION & DISSOLUTION ACTIONS SINCE 1965-66"
  14. ^ "Man charged over Iowa bloodbath". BBC News. October 16, 2006. Retrieved March 25, 2011.
  15. ^ Melendez, Pilar (2021-08-07). "New Mom's 21st Birthday Party Ended With Her Dead on Highway". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2022-01-21.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit