Bolzano/Bozen railway station

Bolzano/Bozen railway station (IATA: BZQ) (Italian: Stazione di Bolzano, German: Bozen Bahnhof) is the main station of Bolzano/Bozen, capital of the autonomous province of Alto Adige/Südtirol, in northeastern Italy.

Bolzano/Bozen
View of the station from the platforms
View of the station from the platforms
LocationPiazza della Stazione 1 /
Bahnhofplatz 1
39100 Bolzano-Bozen
Bolzano (BZ), Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Italy
Coordinates46°29′48″N 11°21′30″E / 46.49667°N 11.35833°E / 46.49667; 11.35833Coordinates: 46°29′48″N 11°21′30″E / 46.49667°N 11.35833°E / 46.49667; 11.35833
Operated byRete Ferroviaria Italiana
Centostazioni
Line(s)Verona–Innsbruck
Bolzano/Bozen–Merano/Meran
Bolzano/Bozen–Malles/Mals
Distance150.23 km (93.35 mi)
from Verona Porta Vescovo
Platforms7 for long distance
4 bay platforms
(1 for regional trains)
Train operatorsTrenitalia
ÖBB-DB
Connections
  • Urban and interurban buses
Construction
ArchitectAngiolo Mazzoni
Other information
IATA codeBZQ
ClassificationGold
History
Opened16 May 1859; 162 years ago (1859-05-16)
Rebuilt1927-1929
Location
Bolzano/Bozen is located in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Bolzano/Bozen
Bolzano/Bozen
Location in Trentino
Bolzano/Bozen is located in Northern Italy
Bolzano/Bozen
Bolzano/Bozen
Location in Northern Italy
Bolzano/Bozen is located in Italy
Bolzano/Bozen
Bolzano/Bozen
Location in Italy

The station was opened in 1859 by the Austrian Empire's Südbahn. It is located on the trans-Alpine Brenner Railway and a terminus of a branch line to Merano/Meran (County of Tirol's former capital), which continues to become Vinschgau Railway Merano/Meran-Malles/Mals.

The station is currently managed by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI). The commercial area of the passenger building, however, is managed by Centostazioni. Train services to and from the station are operated by Trenitalia, ÖBB-DB, Südtirol Bahn and Russian Railways (RZD).

LocationEdit

Bolzano/Bozen railway station is situated at Piazza della Stazione / Bahnhofplatz, at the southeastern edge of the city centre and a short, 5-minute walk away.

HistoryEdit

The station was opened on 16 May 1859, upon the completion of the Trento-Bolzano/Bozen section of the Brenner Railway. It was known as Bozen-Gries Bahnhof. The passenger building was designed by the Bozner architect Sebastian Altmann.

County of TyrolEdit

In 1864, construction began on the final section of the Brenner Railway between Bolzano/Bozen and Innsbruck. This section was completed on 24 August 1867.

In 1871, rail services in the area were enhanced by the inauguration of the Puster Valley Railway (Pustertalbahn), which connected Bolzano/Bozen directly to Maribor/Marburg in today's Slovenia through San Candido/Innichen and Lienz. Train services today require three changes at Bressanone/Brixen, Lienz and Graz and are separately operated by Trenitalia, Südtirol Bahn, ÖBB and Slovenian Railways (SZ).

In 1881, a third railway line, Vinschgau Railway, joined the Bolzano/Bozen station through Merano/Meran, County of Tyrol's capital city. In order to cater for frequent holiday makers, it was extended in 1906 from Merano to Malles/Mals.

From 1898 to 1974, Bolzano/Bozen was the terminus of the Überetsch Railway to Caldaro/Kaltern.

Transfer to ItalyEdit

After the First World War, the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) rewarded Italy with County of Tyrol's territory south of the Brenner Pass. As a result, Bozen-Gries station was transferred to the Italian railway network and came under the management of the Ferrovie dello Stato (FS).

From 1927 to 1929, the station building was replaced by one in the style of Italy's fascist regime. It was designed by the architect Angiolo Mazzoni. The facade on the access road to the station was reworked into two half-columns and flanked by two statues, which were crafted by the Austrian artist Franz Ehrenhöfer, to represent electricity and steam. Ehrenhöfer also created masks on the cornices for the station complex, a fountain of St. Christopher and an allegory of River Adige (River Etsch) above the entrance to the clock tower,

FeaturesEdit

The passenger building hosts the main ticket office, Deutsche Bahn ticket office and a waiting room. Other facilities include a cafe-bar and a newsagent store. There are six platforms for passenger service and additional tracks for freight traffic.

Train servicesEdit

 
Aerial view of the station.

The station has 5.5 million passenger movements per year and is therefore the busiest within the region in terms of passenger numbers.[1]

Since 2010, the station has been a stop for the weekly EuroNight train of Russian Railways between Moscow and Nice.

Germany, Austria and South Tyrol

(D for Germany, A for Austria)

  • Night Train (ÖBB Nightjet) Munich-Milan: Munich (D) - Rosenheim (D) - Salzburg (A) - Villach (A) - Padua - Vicenza - Verona - Peschiera del Garda - Brescia - Milan
  • Night Train (ÖBB Nightjet) Munich-Rome: Munich (D) - Rosenheim (D) - Salzburg (A) - Villach (A) - Padua - Vicenza - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Chianciano Terme - Rome
  • Intercity Train (ÖBB Eurocity) Munich-Verona/Venice: Munich (D) - Rosenheim (D) - Kufstein (A) - Wörgl (A) - Jenbach (A) - Innsbruck (A) - Brennero/Brenner - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Bolzano/Bozen - Trento - Rovereto - Verona - (Padua) - (Venice)
  • Intercity Train (ÖBB Eurocity) Munich-Verona/Bologna: Munich (D) - Rosenheim (D) - Kufstein (A) - Wörgl (A) - Jenbach (A) - Innsbruck (A) - Brennero/Brenner - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Bolzano/Bozen - Trento - (Rovereto) - Verona - (Bologna)
  • Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional) Brennero/Brenner-Merano/Meran: Brennero/Brenner - Vipiteno/Sterzing - Campo di Trens/Freienfeld - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Chiusa/Klausen - Bolzano/Bozen - Terlano/Terlan - Merano/Meran
  • Regional Train (Südtirol Bahn Regio-Express) Bozen-Innsbruck: Bolzano/Bozen - Bressanone/Brixen - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Brennero/Brenner - Innsbruck
  • Night Train Motorail (car carrier), summer only) Hamburg-Verona: Hamburg-Altona station (D) - Hannover - Göttingen - Fulda - Munich (D) - Kufstein (A) - Innsbruck (A) - Bolzano/Bozen - Verona Porta Nuova[2]

Italy

  • High-speed Train (Italo) Bolzano/Bozen-Rome: Bolzano/Bozen - Trento - Rovereto - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome
  • High-speed Train (Trenitalia Frecciargento) Bolzano/Bozen-Naples: Bolzano/Bozen - Trento - Rovereto - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome - (Naples)
  • High-speed Train (Trenitalia Frecciargento) Bolzano/Bozen-Sibari: Bolzano/Bozen - Trento - Rovereto - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome Tiburtina - Rome Termini - Naples Afragola - Salerno - Scalea-Santa Domenica Talao - Paola - Torano-Lattarico - Sibari
  • Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional) Brennero/Brenner-Bologna: Brennero/Brenner - Vipiteno/Sterzing - Campo di Trens/Freienfeld - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Chiusa/Klausen - Bolzano/Bozen - Ora/Auer - Mezzocorona - Trento - Rovereto - Ala - Verona - Isola della Scala - Nogara - Ostiglia - Mirandola - Bologna
  • Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional) Bolzano/Bozen-Ala: Bolzano/Bozen - Laives/Leifers - Ora/Auer - Egna/Neumarkt - Salorno/Salurn - Mezzocorona - Trento - Rovereto - Mori - Ala
  • Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional) Bolzano/Bozen-Bassano del Grappa: Bolzano/Bozen - Ora/Auer - Trento - San Cristoforo al Lago-Ischia - Bassano del Grappa - (Castelfranco Veneto) - (Venice)

Cross-border

(A for Austria, F for France, CZ for Czech Republic, I for Italy, PL for Poland, BR for Belarus, R for Russia, MN for Monaco)

  • Intercity Train (RZD EuroNight) Moscow-Nice: Moscow (Belorusskaja) (R) - Wjasma (R) - Smolensk (R) - Orscha Central (BR) - Minsk (BR) - Brest Central (BR) - Terespol (PL) - Warsaw West (Wschodnia) (PL) - Warsaw Central (Centralna) (PL)- Katowice (PL) - Zebrzydowice (PL) - Bohumin (CZ) - Breclav (CZ) - Vienna/Wien (A) - Linz-Donau (A) - Innsbuck (A) - Bolzano/Bozen (I) - Verona (I) - Milan (Rogoredo) (I) - Genoa (Piazza Principe) (I) - San Remo (I) - Ventimiglia (I) - Menton (F) - Monaco Monte-Carlo (MN) - Nice (F)[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Flussi Annui nelle 103 Stazioni" [Annual flows at the 103 stations]. Centostazioni website (in Italian). Centostazioni. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  2. ^ "Hamburg - Verona - Hamburg 2020". Urlaubs-Express.
  3. ^ "Nice - Moscow Train". Russian Rail. Retrieved 12 August 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • Baumgartner, Elisabeth (1989). Eisenbahnlandschaft Alt-Tirol - Verkehrsgeschichte zwischen Kufstein und Ala im Spannungsfeld von Tourismus, Politik und Kultur [Railway landscape Old Tyrol - Transport history between Kufstein and Ala in the fields of tourism, politics and culture] (in German). Innsbruck: Haymon. ISBN 3-85218-065-1.
  • Mitterer, Wittfrida (2007). Scambi & simboli - paesaggio ferrovia Bolzano-Innsbruck. Memorie e volumi in rilievo [Exchanges & Symbols - Bolzano-Innsbruck rail landscape. Memories and volumes in relief] (in Italian). Bolzano: Athesia. ISBN 978-88-8266-441-1.

External linksEdit

This article is based upon a translation of the Italian language version, and incorporates information from the German language version, as at December 2010.