Yuri II Boleslav

  (Redirected from Boleslaw-Yuri II of Galicia)

Yuri II Boleslav (1305/1310 – April 7, 1340), also known as Bolesław-Jerzy II, was a ruler of the Polish Piast dynasty who ruled the originally Ruthenian principality of Galicia. After his death started the Galicia–Volhynia Wars over the succession of Galicia and Volhynia.

Yuri II of Galicia
Coins of Boleslaw-Yuri II of Galicia.png
King's seal of Yuri II of Galicia
King of Rus'
Reign1323–1340
PredecessorAndrew and Leo II of Galicia
SuccessorCasimir 'The Great'
Bornc. 1305-10
Diedc. 1340 (aged c. 30[5])
SpouseEufemia (daughter of Gediminas)
HousePiast
FatherTrojden I of Masovia
MotherMaria of Galicia
Coin.

Bolesław was born between 1305 and 1310[1] to Trojden I of Masovia from the Piast dynasty, Duke of Czersk and Maria, daughter of Yuri I, prince of Galicia. Since his father was still a ruler of the family's Masovian lands, in 1323 Bolesław, renamed Jerzy, became Prince of Galicia. He also received the Duchy of Belz after the childless death of Andrew of Galicia. In 1331, he married the daughter of Grand Duke of Lithuania Gediminas and sister of Aldona of Lithuania, wife of Casimir III of Poland. The name of Bolesław's wife is disputed. T. Narbutt wrote that her pagan name was Eufemia and her Christian name was Maria.[2] Oswald Balzer supposed that her Christian name was Eufemia.[2] Kazimierz Jasiński supposed that whole Narbutt's account was fabrication.[2]

In a treaty of 1338 Bolesław Jerzy offered Casimir III of Poland succession to the throne of Galicia-Volhynia. Duke Boleslaw was supported by the many townspeople living there. In 1324, Boleslaw located the towns of Volodymyr-Volynskyi on Magdeburg law, and Sanok in 1339.[3] He was poisoned in 1340 by orthodox boyars and died without an heir, before his father who continued rule Masovian principality.

After Bolesław Jerzy's death, the Kingdom of Galicia was inherited by the kingdom of Poland between 1340 and 1366, during the reign of Casimir III of Poland.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Jasiński, Kazimierz (1998). Rodowód Piastów mazowieckich. Poznań - Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Historyczne. p. 59. ISBN 83-913563-0-2.
  2. ^ a b c Jasiński, Kazimierz (1998). Rodowód Piastów mazowieckich. Poznań - Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Historyczne. p. 60. ISBN 83-913563-0-2.
  3. ^ Sanok city privilege in Latin (Digitalbibliothek of AGAD, Nr 7226.) Archived 2008-10-31 at the Wayback Machine

ReferencesEdit

  • Jan Řežabek, Jiří II", poslední kníže veśkeré Malé Rusi, kritickí pokus, «Časopis musea království českého», ročnik LVII, Praha, 1883.
  • Oswald Balzer Genealogia Piastów (1895) (see: Digitalbibliothek of Great Poland: [1])
  • Maciej Wilamowski Piastowie. Leksykon biograficzny, Kraków 1999.
Yuri II Boleslav
Born: 1308 Died: 1340
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Andrew and Leo II
King of Russia
1323–1340
Succeeded by
Casimir